Aristotle In One Take

The nature of a state is to be a plurality made up of differing individuals and this is why the principle of reciprocity is the salvation of states.

The administration of justice, which is the determination of what is just, is the principle of order in political societies.

The power of speech is to set forth the expedient and the inexpedient and therefore also the just and the unjust.

That which can see by exercise of intellect is by nature ruler and that which with its body can give effect to such foresight is subject.

Man is by nature a political animal.

Closing remarks to Ethics are the opening remarks to Politics. The better the character, the better the government.

Laws of Nature is a contradiction. Laws pertain to humans only.

Since substance is prior in nature to the relative, there are not objects of intellect before objects of sense.

Life, liberty, and the wisdom of Aristotle.

01:40:35 POLITICS
00:15:53 should be: "The end of theoretical knowledge is truth, PHILOSOPHIC wisdom, just as the end of practical knowledge is action, practical wisdom."

It is right that philosophy should be called knowledge of the truth. For the end of theoretical knowledge is truth, philosophic wisdom, just at the end of practical knowledge is action, practical wisdom.

Education and excellence have superior claims, not the indoctrination and corruption that the Academics have established.

When some possess much and others nothing there may arise a pure oligarchy or an extreme democracy and a tyranny can grow out of either.

What if office brought no profit? Only then could Freedom and Excellence be combined. (No profit at all, from the position, or from being involved with those who hold position.)

There comes a time when out of a false good there arises a true evil.

01:17:11 POLITICS

To the essence of all matters regarding nature, ethics, and politics.

The nature of a state is not absolute unity but of a plurality constituted of differing elements so that the character of oligarchy creates oligarchy, the character of democracy creates democracy, and, as always, the better the character the better the government.

Whenever we have knowledge and understand what any thing is we have also come to learn its contrary.

Happiness requires choice and choice begets action. Therefore, Happiness is an offspring of freedom. Unity requires compulsion and compulsion begets inaction. Therefore, Unity is an absence of freedom.

The Constitution for the people is a list of instructions that when followed yields a constitution of the people.

To the essence of the matter regarding nature, ethics, and politics, let us take Plato and his Academics to school once again, and again and again, because they are blameable for maligning and obfuscating the good life.

It clearly is best that property should be private as opposed to a thing of the public, a Republic, as Plato claims, where all property is common. This error of Socrates which he repeats must be attributed to the false supposition from which it begins; that it is best for the state to be as strongly unified as possible and so he claims it is the responsibility of the legislators to make the entire state happy.

What The Forms?

Money comes from banks like milk comes from cartons.


Created 2 years, 1 month ago.

46 videos

CategoryNews & Politics

POLITICS, by Aristotle, is the origin of a Constitution as the means to "form a perfect union."
ETHICS, by Aristotle, is the origin of the principle "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness."
FIRST PHILOSOPHY [Metaphysics], by Aristotle, is the origin of the first principle.

I've consolidated the primary works of Aristotle into about two hours by reassembling passages that when considered together work well to present the three points listed above as one overview of "the philosophy of human nature." The source material for this endeavour has been THE COMPLETE WORKS OF ARISTOTLE, THE REVISED OXFORD TRANSLATION, edited by Jonathan Barnes. Of note is Jonathan Barnes' translation of Posterior Analytics which is superior to the Owen, Bouchier, or Mure translations in that it is more readily accessible to contemporary readers. For example, rather than speak of "dialectical reasoning," he simply calls it an argument, and likewise, rather than speak of a "syllogism," he simply calls it a deduction. This is better toward understanding since it is then easily compared with its contrary, induction.

That each video is done in one take is obvious but there is a double meaning on the word 'take.' In the spirit of Aristotle's observation that his lectures "serve as outline only and that anyone can fill in the details," I have at times embellished key points in the interest of continuity and clarity of context. Although the three works listed above are the subject matter, I've also introduced lines or passages from his works on LOGIC, PHYSICS, and RHETORIC. This presentation, introductory for the novice and summary to the expert, is offered as non-Academic, that is, juxtaposed against Plato's view of these topics. It is often the case that the works of Aristotle are presented in such a manner that any newbie may be misguided to believe that Aristotle ought to be grouped with Plato and Socrates. However; "As for the Ideas, over which he upbraids Plato, Aristotle attacks them everywhere and introduces all the puzzles about them; in his ethical works, in his [First Philosophy], in his exoteric dialogues. To some he seemed more ambitious than though proposing to subvert Plato's philosophy; so far was Aristotle from following Plato." --Plutarch, Against Colotes