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[Isaiah 28:1-ff] The destruction of Israel or Ephraim; the drunkenness, sin and folly of Judah; the danger of alliances with Egypt; and they to be reduced by the Assyrians. The date of this chapters must be assigned to a date prior to the capture of Samaria by the Assyrians 722 B.C. and the fall of the northern kingdom. Here, therefore, is an undisputed example of predictive prophecy. The chapter may be divided: (1) Samaria's luxury, drunkenness, and infidelity pave the way for their ruin [Isaiah 28:1-6]. (2) Even the rulers and the religious leaders are no more than filthy drunkards [Isaiah 28:7,8]. (3) The nobility of Ephraim mock [Isaiah 28:9-10]. (4) Isaiah gives God's response to their mockery [Isaiah 11:13]. (5) Judah joins Ephraim in their scoffing rejection of the Lord and takes refuge in a "refuge of lies" [Isaiah 28:14-15]. (6)The true refuge is laid by God in Zion, "the stone," tried, precious, comer [Isaiah 28:16-19]. This verse used as a metaphor [cf: Ephesians 2:19-22, Isaiah 8:6, Isaiah 8:13-16, Zechariah 3:9, Daniel 2:34-35, Romans 9:32-33, Psalm 118:18-21, Matthew 21:42-46, Acts 4:6-13, Romans 9:33, Romans 10:11, I Peter 2:1-10]. Isaiah 9:1-5 Is not a prophecy of immediate future when Isaiah delivered it; but predictive prophecy of "last Days" Old Testament related to times of Messiah. Anguish came upon Zeb'-u-lun & Naph'-ta-li in pre-Christian era due partially to their location on northern border of Promised land. They were first to reap bitter fruit of repeated invasions; and Isaiah's prophecy here shows that treatment of lands of these tribes was worse than that of some others, and they would also be first to enjoy benefits of Christ's Preaching coming kingdom. Look at fulfillment passage from Matthew 4:12-16 [Isaiah 9:6-7]. Five names given the coming Messiah are understood in various ways. Most important is how we understand these five names. It may be these are ..

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Isaiah 7:10-17 records wonderful prophecy of The Virgin who would conceive a child who would bear a significant name with meaning of "God with us!" Thus world's Deliverer was hailed as a child, a Son, given by God Himself & destined to achieve eternal redemption for all sons of Adam that are willing to come to God in appointed way taught in New Testament. Note in the Hebrew that prophecy does not say "a virgin," but "The Virgin", a title that could hardly belong to anyone ever born except Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus. Hebrew word al-mah, is correct word vs: beth-u-lah used to describe Isaac's wife Rebecca, Genesis 24:16 & 43 "neither had she known any man". Isaiah 9:1-5 Is not a prophecy of immediate future when Isaiah delivered it; but predictive prophecy of "last Days" Old Testament related to times of Messiah. Anguish came upon Zeb'-u-lun & Naph'-ta-li in pre-Christian era due partially to their location on northern border of Promised land. They were first to reap bitter fruit of repeated invasions; & Isaiah's prophecy here shows that treatment of lands of these tribes was worse than that of some others, & they would also be first to enjoy benefits of Christ's Preaching coming kingdom. Look at fulfillment passage from Matthew 4:12-16. Isaiah 9:6-7 Five names given the coming Messiah are understood in various ways. Most important is how we understand these five names. It may be these are descriptions of Immanuel's name & not actually names themselves. The Expression-`His name shall be called,' is probably idiomatic for, `This will be His character and nature.'" Notice the Peace and Him ruling on David's Throne.

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Again in this chapter Isaiah returns to one of his favorite topics, the Messiah and his kingdom, revealing that he will descend through the posterity of the family of Jesse, thus the Root of Jesse ie: King David, the Branch. This follows logically upon the projected fulfillment of the destruction both of Israel and of Assyria; but it is significant that whereas there were no sprouts or shoots coming up from the felled forest of Lebanon, since cedars do not produce sprouts after being cut down. God's choice of the metaphor, therefore, in his use of the word "Lebanon" for Assyria, shows that Assyria would never recover from their destruction. However, Judah was represented by another type of tree, such as an oak, that will indeed preserve life after being cut down, and will send forth a sprout or shoot to make a new tree. Note that both Assyria and Israel are by this prophecy doomed to be cut down or destroyed. True to Isaiah's promise of a revelation from God a little at a time, "line upon line, precept upon precept, here a little and there a little", Isaiah here gives additional information about: (1) the Messiah; (2) kingdom of God; (3) the character of Christians; (4) the punishment of Israel; (5) the destruction of Assyria; (6) the call of the Gentiles; and (7) the triumph of Christianity going into all the World Preaching the Gospel. Of Christ.

Our Tribute of love to our beloved preacher, Kelly Lawson

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Hermeneutics (from Greek hermeneutikos, from hermeneuein 'interpret'): Study of the method and principles of interpretation of the Bible. Words have meaning, we have a word revelation, and words define words as seen below.
Judah = The Messiah Promised Born Tribe of Judah [Genesis 49:10] = Jesus [Matthew 1:2-3]. Jerusalem = Proclamation of Kingdom from Jerusalem [cf: Luke 24:49 & Acts 1:8]. Last Days = Pentecost 30 AD - Began the Church Age [Acts 2:16-17 & Hebrews 1:1-2]. Mountain = Metaphor for Kingdom [ cf: Daniel 2:28-44] therefore Kingdom of God = Church. The Lord's House = The Churches of Christ [cf: I Timothy 3:15]. All Nations = Gentiles and Jews united in one Church [cf: Matthew 28:18-20 & Mark 16:15-16]. He Will Teach Us = Jesus Divine Teacher [cf: John 6:44-45, Isaiah 54:13 & Hebrews 1:1-2] We Will Walk In His Paths [ Matthew 5-7], "The Way" is a common metaphor in New Testament Christianity. Out Of Zion Shall Go Forth The Law = Law of Liberty [cf: James 1:25, 2:8 & Matthew 22:36-40] Word Of The Lord From Jerusalem = Zion [Hebrews 12:22; Revelations 21:1-2, Luke 24:49, Act, 1:8]. He Shall Judge Among The Nations = Jesus the Judge of all [Hebrews 9:27 & II Corinthians 5:10]. Shall Rebuke Many People = The Great Judgment Day [cf: Matthew 25:41-46 & II Thessalonians 1:8]. "...they shall beat their swords into plowshares and spears into pruning hooks" [Isaiah 2:4, Matthew 5:3-45 & 22:37].

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This and the following two chapters were written to correct disorders which had arisen in the Corinthian church over the question of spiritual gifts, especially with regard to envy and strife over the relative importance of various gifts. The great test of all spirituality is its relation to Christ and his spiritual body the church. So-called "gifts" that led to the denunciation of Christ or any conduct that contravened the will of Christ were not of God, but of the devil. "Gifts" that take people away from the church are not of God's Spirit at all, but are derived from the evil one [I Corinthians 12:1-3]. There is diversity in the unity of the church, since the Lord has not given the same gifts to all Christians [I Corinthians 12:4-11]. The great metaphor of "the body" is developed as a figure of Christ's spiritual body, the church [I Corinthians 12:12-31].

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The Old Testament messianic prophecies contain two portraits of Christ. On the one hand, we have the plain picture like Psalm 2 of the reigning Kingly Messiah like David who conquers the Gentile world, rules all nations and lives forever. On the other hand, like Psalm 22 we have the hidden obscure portrait of the Suffering Servant. This one has no beauty that we should desire Him," He lives in obscurity, is rejected by the people, and dies a terrible death. But his death is redemptive as a sin offering, and he is raised from the dead in triumph to lead many souls to glory. Christians are well aware that these two portraits correspond to the first coming of Christ, His reigning over His Church Kingdom after His resurrection finalized in His 2nd coming. In one picture He is to suffer and atone for sin, and the second deliver up the Kingdom to the Father. Satan behaved very strangely, if the devil understood Jesus had come to die for human sin, why would Satan actively cooperate in Jesus' atoning death? Hadn't Jesus often warned that the cross would be the undoing of Satan? Because of the cross Paul said: Colossians 2:15 [And] having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it. Why would a creature as brilliant as Satan actually assist in doing the very thing that would destroy himself? Maybe Paul offers us another explanation in I Corinthians 2:6-8 Could it be that Satan, the great adversary, didn't know that Jesus actually wanted to die? How could Satan have made such a colossal blunder when all the information was right there in front of him for hundreds of years? He would have had the same information everyone else had - the predictive scriptures. But God crafted the suffering prophecies in such a way that a reader before the time of Christ could not have discovered the plan for the Messiah to suffer before reigning. God was intentional..

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Written 1,000 years before Jesus, this is so vivid a description of the crucifixion of Jesus one would think that the writer was personally present at the Cross. Jesus' dying words [Psalms 22:1 cf: Matthew 27:46], sneers of enemies [Psalms 22:7-8 cf; Matthew 27:39 & 43], piercing of hands and feet [Psalms 22:16 cf: John 19;16-18] and casting of lots for his garments [Psalms 22:18 cf: John 19:23-24] are some events described. None of these statements are applicable to David or any known event or person in history, except the crucifixion of the Son of God. There is only one way of interpreting this psalm - it is plain and straightforward a predictive prophecy of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

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This and the following three chapters are usually construed as Paul's corrective admonition regarding the "worship services"; but since the first paragraph (1 Corinthians 11:1-16) undoubtedly refers to social customs, there being even some doubt of its application to any worship service whatever, there is no need for adherence to such an outline. Throughout this epistle, the apostle Paul dealt with miscellaneous church conditions and disorders, making it nearly impossible to fit the epistle into any form of classical outline.
The first paragraph regards the veiling of women (1 Corinthians 11:1-16), and the second teaches concerning the Lord's supper (1 Corinthians 11:17-34).

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This Psalm treats of the opposition raised, both by Jew and Gentile, against the kingdom of Christ [Psalm 2:1-3]. Christ's victory, and the confusion of his enemies [Psalm 2:4-6]. The promulgation of the Gospel after his resurrection [Psalm 2:7-9]. A call to all the potentates and judges of the earth to accept it, because of the destruction that shall fall on those who reject it [Psalm 2:10-12].

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This and the following three chapters are usually construed as Paul's corrective admonition regarding the "worship services"; but since the first paragraph (1 Corinthians 11:1-16) undoubtedly refers to social customs, there being even some doubt of its application to any worship service whatever, there is no need for adherence to such an outline. Throughout this epistle, the apostle Paul dealt with miscellaneous church conditions and disorders, making it nearly impossible to fit the epistle into any form of classical outline.
The first paragraph regards the veiling of women (1 Corinthians 11:1-16), and the second teaches concerning the Lord's supper (1 Corinthians 11:17-34).

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Christ is promised to come through a seed (child) of a woman, a seed of Noah [Genesis 9:8-9], through Abraham [Genesis 12:1-3, 12:4-6]. That seed is Christ [Galations 3:16]. The Seed Covenant is promised again to Abraham [Genesis 22:16-18]. He is to come through the tribe of Judah [Genesis 49:10-11], and King David is through the tribe of Judah. David brings the Ark to Jerusalem [II Samuel 6], appoints singers [Psalm 105:1-3]; we as Christians are to sing [Ephesians 4:13]. David desires to build God's house [II Samuel 7:1]. Nathan says do it [II Samuel 7:3]. God not wanting fine architecture [II Samuel 7:4-7, Isaiah 66:12]. 1st Christian martyr, Stephen shows Jews their sins [Acts 7:2]. God is everywhere, [Exodus 3:5, Acts 7:36, Acts 7:45-50, I Corinthians 6:19]. God's Spirit leaves temple [Ezekiel 11:22-23]. Goes to Mount of Olives [Zechariah 14:4]. Amos prophesies temple [Amos 9:11]; temple built [Acts 15:16-18]. No limitation on God's Presence [I Chronicles 17:4, II Samuel 7:4-5]. God does not want a temple [II Samuel 7:8-11]. Explanation of prophecy [Revelations 3:7, 5:5 & 22:16]. Davidic Covenant, [II Samuel 7:12-17]. Jesus' Kingdom [John 6:40, Acts 2:29-36, II Samuel 7:13, Mark 16:18, Acts 2:38 & 47, I Timothy 3:15, Hebrews 3:6, I Peter 2:5, Romans 12:1-2, II Samuel 7:14, Psalm 2:7 & 89:26-27, Acts 13:32-33, Hebrews 1:5]; God Jesus' Father-Jesus His Son. Not speaking of Solomon-Christ suffered [Isaiah 53:5, II Samuel 7:15-16].

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In I Corinthians 10:1, Paul refutes the impression that the Lord's Supper and Christian Baptism causes immunity to any contamination from idolatry; baptism is an antitype of Israel's passing through the Red Sea [I Corinthians 10:2]; the spiritual food of the Gospel is an antitype of Israel's manna [I Corinthians 10:3]; the spiritual drink from the rock that was Christ is an antitype of water from the cleft rock [I Corinthians 10:4]; Paul warns of the results of disobedience by bringing Israel up as an example [I Corinthians 10:5]; baptism and partaking in the Lord's table does not cause immunity to sin [I Corinthians 10:6]; a warning about idolatry [I Corinthians 10:7]; a warning about sexual immorality [I Corinthians 10:8]; a warning about testing God's obedience to His law [I Corinthians 10:9]; the Old Testament is an example and warning to Christians [I Corinthians 10:11].

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We're speaking on the first two versus of Hebrews 13. These are worthy indeed of standing thus alone as a divine injunction of the greatest importance, speaking directly to our mission here at the Main Street Church of Christ. Our brother! He stands before us, like ourselves, made in the image of God, an heir of eternal life, and a beneficiary of the blood of Christ; and our love should reach out to him with all of the emotional thrust of which the heart is capable. And who is my brother? Not him alone who belongs to my little circle, but the "stranger," as taught in these verses, that man we may never have seen before, but a man in extremity, needing love and compassion in a world that has little of either, such a man as that befriended by the Good Samaritan. Every man is my brother; for, if I miss him in Christ, I shall hit him in Adam!

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Paul exhorts Christians to earnestly contend in the contest of Christian life. "For though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win more of them." [I Corinthians 9:19] Our God has put in us the ability to alter history by our decisions. "To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews. To those under the law I became as one under the law (though not being myself under the law) that I might win those under the law. To those outside the law I became as one outside the law (not being outside the law of God but under the law of Christ) that I might win those outside the law. To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some. I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I may share with them in its blessings." [I Corinthians 9:20-23] "And when they heard that he was addressing them in the Hebrew language, they became even more quiet... [Acts 22:2] Many times we are guilty of doing the opposite and placing unnecessary stumbling blocks. "Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize?" [I Corinthians 9:24] "Every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable." [I Corinthians 9:25] "But I discipline my body and keep it under control, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified." [I Corinthians 9:27] If we want to be a professional athlete in the race of Christian life, we need to do what professional athletes do.

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There have been many so-called "messiahs" throughout history. There have been revolutionaries, religious leaders and self-proclaimed saviors - but which of these was able to raise himself from the dead? "So the Jews said to him, 'What sign do you show us for doing these things?' Jesus answered them, 'Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.'" [John 2:18-19]. Speaking of His life Jesus declared: "No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father." [John 10:18]. Jesus had to leave us, so that the Holy Spirit could be sent; "But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. Nevertheless, I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you. And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world is judge." [John 16:6-11]. "This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing." [Acts 2:32]. People believe what they want to believe. Those who are willing to believe can find plenty of proof through the scriptures and through common-sense logic. "For those who do not believe, no proof is sufficient - for those who do believe, no proof is necessary." [Unknown Author].

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This chapter concludes the epistle with exhortations concerning the eldership and the general attitude of submission and obedience for all. 1 Peter 5:1, the need for adequate leadership; 1 Peter 5:2, suffer in the name of Christ to be a spiritual leader for God's children; 1 Peter 5:3, this charge is not to be tyrannical and possessive; 1 Peter 5:4, an Elder's glory awaits in heaven by Jesus Christ's own hand; 1 Peter 5:5-7, defer with humility to church Elders, cast your anxieties upon Christ; 1 Peter 5:7-8, be of a sober mind to watch carefully for Satan's influence in the midst, and do not yield to him; 1 Peter 5:10, God will grace you with the strength to rebuke Satan; 1 Peter 5:11, the Christian may safely rest his case in God; 1 Peter 5:12, salutations to the receivers of this epistle; 1 Peter 5:13, salutations from Rome to the receivers; 1 Peter 5:14, embrace one another in Christ's name.

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Paul starts with ferocious rebuke of the grossest of sins [I Corinthians 5:1]; Mourning the prideful boasting of such sin [I Corinthians 5:2]; Paul reminds that he is among the church in spirit, and can rebuke such sin remotely [I Corinthians 5:3-4]; Paul denounces these sins in the strongest and most potent language possible [I Corinthians 5:5]; Paul reminds the church that such sin can destroy the entire church [ I Corinthians 5:6-8]; He reminds the church not to keep company with the worst sinners among them [I Corinthians 5:9-11]; Paul's main point is that the church must not tolerate the presence of evil in its midst [I Corinthians 5:12].

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There may be no more impassioned or beautiful prayer for forgiveness and renewal in the Bible than here. The poet's wrongdoing has overwhelmed him. His remorse and his plea are intense. David accepts personal responsibility for what he's done, Psa 51:1-9. Four different words for sin: transgressions (Psalms 51:1,3); iniquity (Psa 51:2,5,9); evil (Psa 51:4); sin (Psa 51:2-5,9). David's multiple petitions for forgiveness (Psa 51:1,2,7,9,14). David's prayer for renewal, Psa 51:10-13. David's vow to offer spiritual sacrifices, Psa 51:14-17. David's intercession for Jerusalem, Psa 51:17-18.

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A vast proportion of the whole Corinthian population participated in such sins as are catalogued here in I Corinthians 6:9-10; Paul calls attention to the conditions from which they had been rescued by Christ [I Corinthians 6:11]; The purpose of the body is not the gratification of its appetites, but it is for the Lord, a reference to the indwelling of the Spirit [I Corinthians 6:13]; We will be raised through the power of God, [I Corinthians 6:14]; Protesting the incongruity of debasing such members of Christ in immorality [I Corinthians 6:15]; The true Christian, having been joined to the Lord through his conversion from sin, is one in spirit with the Lord [I Corinthians 6:17]; Flee fornication [I Corinthians 6:18]; Your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which you have from God [I Corinthians 6:19]; Glorify God in your body [I Corinthians 6:20].

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[Judges 13-16] This narrative of Samson is an unmitigated tragedy. No potential saviour-figure offered MORE promise than Samson, or delivered LESS. Israel had sunk to a new low; and these two final incidents fully expose Israel's plight. It is difficult indeed to imagine a more shameful situation for God's Chosen People than that in which their Judge and accepted leader was blinded and made to do the work of a mule, grinding wheat in the mill of the Philistines, and suffering the humiliation of being compelled to entertain his captors at the very festival where they were celebrating Samson's defeat. Sin will BLIND you: [II Peter 1:9]. Sin will BIND you: [Acts 8:23]. Sin will GRIND you: like a slave [Romans 6:16]. With the story of Samson, the era of the Judgeship in Israel was concluded. Samuel indeed judged Israel for awhile, but it was he who anointed Saul as Israel's first king, bringing in the institution of the monarchy. It is not hard to understand why many in Israel began to clamor for a king. [Cf: I Peter 1:3-10 & Romans 1:18 f]

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Paul and Apollos are to Jesus as doctors serving under a principal physician [I Corinthians 4:1]; Trustworthiness was the outstanding characteristic of a good steward, and it was that which Paul brought into view here [I Corinthians 4.2]; The Lord, the righteous judge of all people [I Corinthians 4:3]; The only judgment that matters will be from by the Lord at the final judgment, and people do not have sufficient competence to judge one another, or themselves [I Corinthians 4:4-5]. Paul refutes any notion of approval of factions, instead rebuking factious leaders in Corinth [I Corinthians 4:6]. God gives to every man life, talent, ability, opportunity, health, personality, strength, everything that he is or has [I Corinthians 4:7]; Paul strongly disapproves of the pompous and overblown leaders of both the church and city of Corinth [I Corinthians 4:8]; Paul draws the pictures of himself and fellow apostles as "the last and most worthless band" brought fourth to die in the great arena, where all view the spectacle, [I Corinthians 4:9]; Paul rebukes the disgusting development and moral ugliness of the behavior of his child, the Church in Corinth [I Corinthians 4:10-13]; Paul isn't trying to be rough or harsh, but corrective as a father would be to his children [I Corinthians 4:14].

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Paul begins to change metaphors in the last two words of I Corinthians 3:9: God's building. Paul lays the foundation of Christ, others continue the building [I Corinthians 3:10]. No other foundation but Christ [I Corinthians 3:11]. Paul explains in metaphor how the Church must be made. The first three materials are True Christians, the latter of worldly-minded hypocrites [I Corinthians 3:12]. The Church surviving the day of judgment [I Corinthians 3:13]. Persons led to Christ through the efforts of any Christian may defect from the faith, proving themselves wood, hay or stubble [I Corinthians 3:14-15]. The true temple of God, therefore, has never been anything else except the church of Jesus Christ our Lord [I Corinthians 3:16]. "It is clear what is meant by the judgment of God: it may refer to suffering loss, but also to eternal life." [I Corinthians 3:18] Admonitions of previous behavior; correction in where wisdom comes from [I Corinthians 3:19]. "Human thought is fruitless in the sense of not producing anything of spiritual value that redeems man from sin..." [I Corinthians 3:20] Paul condemned the sin of their calling themselves after the names of men [ I Corinthians 3:21]. Here the Christian is viewed as the possessor of everything in Christ [I Corinthians 3:22]. Affirmation of the Corinthian church as being of Christ, in Christ [I Corinthians 3:23].

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[Lev. 18:25, Deut.12:2-3, 12:30-31] One of Moses's last acts was to commission Joshua as his successor, Joshua's to conduct a Holy War and drive the wicked Canaanite people from land [Josh. 1:1-9, 3:14-17, 5:1]. In the "we" section, the author claims eyewitness. Jericho's Defenses reflect the Middle Bronze Age (1,750BC - 1,500BC), but there is evidence that some cities like Jericho that had not been destroyed since the Middle Bronze Age continued to use their old defense walls into the Late Bronze Age. Jericho was built on a tell or hill, and the present-day archaeological site known as City IV was only a few acres and less than 2,000 people lived there. [Joshua 6:2] - The word indicates the wall fell beneath itself. Archaeologist John Garstang dug the site during the 1930's and found a collapsed double city wall of mud bricks built upon retaining walls of stone. Garstang dated the destruction of City IV to 1,400BC. Recently in the 1980's a new dig shows that this retaining wall is setting on bed rock. From 1952 to 1958 Kathleen Kenyon excavated Jericho. Her conclusions were based solely on the absence of Cypriot bi-chromeware pottery. It is fundamental science that the absence of evidence is NOT evidence. Bi-chromeware is a key marker for the transition to the beginning of the Late Bronze Age from the previous Middle Bronze Age. Brant Wood, an expert in Canaanite pottery traveled the world over examining both Garstang and Kenton's pottery finds in Museums. Kenyon did not look at the pottery that Garstang had found in City IV, which included the very Cypriot Bi-chromeware that she could not find, which was the basis of her conclusion that the Bible was fiction. Furthermore she ignored all the pottery she did find which was all Canaanite, and every piece dated to about 1,400BC - at the beginning of the Late Bronze Age (1,450-1,400BC). Woods also examined Egyptian Scarabs impression seal..

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