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A 1994 PBS Biography documentary narrated by David McCullough, broadcasted as part of American Experience series.

He was a farmer, a businessman, an unknown politician who suddenly found himself president. Of all the men who had held the highest office, Harry Truman was the least prepared, but would prove to be a surprise. Acclaimed filmmaker David Grubin recounts his struggles and success as an army captain and marriage to his lifelong sweetheart, Bess. When he landed the vice presidency in 1944 he had no idea that his world was about to change forever. This is the second of two parts.

A 1994 PBS Biography documentary narrated by David McCullough, broadcasted as part of American Experience series.

A 1994 PBS Biography documentary narrated by David McCullough, broadcasted as part of American Experience series.

A series showcasing documentaries on American history.

Part I: Polio at age 39, president at age 50. Explore the public and private life of a determined man who steered this country through two monumental crises: the Depression and World War II. FDR served as president longer than any other, and his legacy still shapes our understanding of the role of government and the presidency. A film by award winning filmmaker David Grubin.

Part II: https://www.bitchute.com/video/DSqXpC0nSPiG/

A 2006 BBC History, Technology Documentary.

Episode 5: The final episode in this series uncovers the man described as the father of the Pakistani bomb and the creator of the largest nuclear-smuggling ring ever known. It reveals a cat-and-mouse tale of an out-of-control nuclear scientist and Western intelligence.

In 1975, a young scientist copied top-secret blueprints from his Dutch Nuclear company. The thief in question was Dr AQ Khan, a Pakistani nuclear scientist who was working in the Netherlands. His job gave him access to the designs of the key nuclear process, Centrifuges. He flew to Pakistan over Christmas in 1975 with his family and wrote to his employers, stating that he had yellow fever. He never returned and went on to live a lavish lifestyle in Pakistan. Dr. Khan's motivation was based by his fierce patriotism and his quest to ensure Pakistan was at the centre of nuclear supremacy. The president of Pakistan placed Khan in charge of his nuclear programme, project 706, and he used his network of contacts from Europe to start it up.

In 1998, Khan tested his bomb design and, for the first time, Pakistan revealed itself to the world as a nuclear power. Khan immediately became a national hero. With fame came wealth and the CIA discovered that Khan had acquired a large property empire. The CIA and MI6 were unclear what Khan was up to but, as time went on, the clues grew more alarming. They set up a joint task force which eventually led to Dr Khan's "nuclear bazaar".The world saw for the first time the terrifying scale of Khan's activities. The president of Pakistan placed him under house arrest, where he remains today.

A 2006 BBC History, Technology Documentary.

Episode 4: Mordechai Vanunu was the man who was determined to tell the world about Israel's nuclear capabilities and, by doing so, created a world scandal. Vanunu is the focus of tonight's spy thriller in the series exploring the race for nuclear supremacy.

Vanunu worked as a nuclear technician between 1977 and 1985, separating plutonium from uranium at the top-secret Israeli nuclear facility. Disgusted by how Israel treated him, and with a growing awareness of the dangers of nuclear weapons, Vanunu collected evidence by taking 60 photos of the top-secret plutonium plant. Fast forward to September 1986, when The Sunday Times brought Vanunu to London
and kept him isolated while they verified his story about Israel's nuclear plant.

After weeks of isolation in a hotel, he popped out for a newspaper. A beautiful blonde by the news stand caught his eye and he followed her until he plucked up the courage to speak to the mysterious woman. They agreed to meet several more times and Cindy, as she was known to him, bought tickets for them to take a short break in Rome. This, however, was to be Vanunu's downfall. Cindy was, in fact, a secret agent for Mossad, the Israeli secret service. He was drugged and smuggled back to Israel where he was tried and jailed for 18 years. He was released last year but was re-arrested for violating his conditions.

Episode 5: https://www.bitchute.com/video/gvZF3WszSpX8/

A 2006 BBC History, Technology Documentary.

Episode 3: Two superpowers, one goal – the third of BBC Two's spy thrillers exploring the race for nuclear supremacy follows the Soviet Union and USA as they struggle to control the most powerful force on the planet and create a "superbomb" that could unleash an explosion 1,000 times greater than Hiroshima.

In April 1946, nuclear scientist Edward Teller, who has become known as the father of the hydrogen bomb, arrived at Los Alamos Nuclear Laboratory to chair a secret conference on the most ambitious weapons project the world had ever seen: the creation of a "superbomb". Having met initial opposition from his boss, the father of the atomic bomb, Robert Oppenheimer, Teller believed he could build the ultimate weapon. In Kew Gardens in 1947, a secret rendezvous took place. Soviet Alexander Felisov met his contact who handed over intelligence regarding Teller's H-bomb. Unknown to Teller, his weapons programme had been infiltrated by a Soviet husband-and-wife team – "the volunteers".

By 1951, Teller had made the breakthrough he craved when he tested the H-Bomb in Eniwetok Atoll, in the Pacific. For 15 minutes, he waited anxiously to discover that the island had vanished and, in its place, was a crater, two miles wide. While Teller triumphed in the US, the Soviets were desperate to develop a small bomb that could be dropped by a plane. Chief Scientist Andrei Sakharov was successful in developing this. Teller discovered what the Soviets were doing and secretly joined the FBI as an informant; he accused his contemporary, Robert Oppenheimer, of not acting in the interests of the US and destroyed his reputation with a powerful testimony. But it was too late. The Soviets now held the secret to wiping out any city in Europe. Doomsday was now just around the corner...

Episode 4: https://www.bitchute.com/video/rKtq4EMnrO1n/

A 2006 BBC History, Technology Documentary.

Episode 2: Viewers discover how one man's mission started the Cold War in the second in a series of spy thrillers exploring the key turning-points in the race for nuclear supremacy. Superspy unearths how Klaus Fuchs stole the secrets of the Hiroshima bomb and gave these confidential details to the Soviet Union.

During the Second World War, German refugee Klaus was posted to the highest security weapons laboratory in America. His assignment was to help design the world's first weapon of mass destruction. After joining Robert Oppenheimer's team, he became an expert on plutonium and secretly plotted how to contact the Soviet spymasters. Under the eyes of the FBI, he slowly pieced together America's atomic secrets and copied out his notes. Evading security, he smuggled out the complete blueprint of the Nagasaki A-bomb.

In January 1942, Klaus met up with a young mother – who was, in fact, a Soviet spy – and disclosed the classified information of how to construct an A-bomb. In the spring of 1945, he conducted a series of meetings with his Soviet courier, "Harry Gold". By 1949, the FBI were on the hunt for the traitor. Klaus escaped to England, where he started a job which placed him at the heart of the British nuclear establishment. While in the UK, he continued to sell secrets.

The superspy's downfall came when he confessed all to MI5, whom he told: "It's as though my mind has two compartments." But the consequences of his actions led the world to fear nuclear Armageddon.

Episode 3: https://www.bitchute.com/video/ttp7XY22f6t8/

A 2006 BBC History, Technology Documentary.

Nuclear Secrets is a series of spy thrillers exploring the key turning-points in the race for nuclear supremacy. From the development of the A-bomb, via the Cuban missile crisis, to the spread of nuclear weapons to the Middle East and beyond, each story is told through the eyes of the men who risked everything to proliferate their nuclear secrets and those who tried to stop them. Nuclear weapons and the actions of these men have transformed the face of war – and now the world could pay the price.

Episode 1: Soviet Colonel Oleg Penkovsky was a spy in the build-up to the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 -
a conflict which brought people closer than ever to all-out nuclear war.

Penkovsky was one of the highest-ranking Soviet officials ever to spy for the West, and he risked his life providing an unparalleled amount of information to MI6 and the CIA. At the height of the Cuban Missile Crisis, Kennedy could turn to technical evidence unknown to the rest of the world provided by "Agent Hero" – Penkovsky's codename. One of the most effective spies in MI6's history, Penkovsky soon realised the KGB were on his tail.

With unprecedented access to KGB archives, the film shows the surveillance footage taken by the KGB as they trailed Penkovsky across Moscow in meetings with his British handlers – Janet Chisholm, a British diplomat's wife, and Greville Wynne, a British businessman. Declassified CIA transcripts reveal that as America was being targeted, so was Penkovsky. His dramatic story and tragic end is highly revealing of KGB operations at the height of the Cold War.

Episode 2: https://www.bitchute.com/video/DpZi2m9P2UTd/

La Camorra è l'organizzazione mafiosa nata in Campania, in particolare a Napoli. A differenza delle altre mafie italiane, essa trae le sue origini nel contesto urbano, tra gli strati popolari della popolazione. La mafia campana ha una struttura pulviscolare composta di gruppi differenti i quali nascono o per lo sviluppo di gruppi criminali minori o per scissioni che intervengono in clan preesistenti. Nella mondo della Camorra, a differenza di Cosa Nostra e della 'Ndrangheta, non esiste una struttura gerarchica superiore in grado di mediare e di ridurre o impedire la conflittualità tra i diversi gruppi delinquenziali. Questa è una delle ragioni per la quale il tasso di conflittualità tra gruppi camorristici è particolarmente elevato.

La Camorra, dopo una storia di alti e bassi, ha conosciuto il suo momento di riscatto e di acquisizione di potenza sfruttando due momenti particolari: l'entrata nel mercato degli stupefacenti e l'accaparramento di una notevole quota dei 50.000 miliardi di lire che il governo italiano stanziò dopo il terremoto del 1980. Attualmente, la Camorra è presente in particolare nella città di Napoli, nella sua provincia, in ampie zone di quella di Caserta - dove opera il clan dei Casalesi - nell'agro nocerino sarnese e nella piana del Sele, in quella di Salerno ed in modo più limitato nelle province di Avellino e Benevento.

Nella provincia di Napoli operano circa 100 gruppi camorristici, a prevalente conduzione familiare e, ciascuno di essi, agisce su un ambito territoriale ben definito. Talvolta più gruppi criminali operano sul medesimo territorio, addirittura individuabile in un quartiere. Negli ultimi tempi, in seno ai gruppi criminali, si è potuto registrare il sempre crescente ruolo assunto dalle donne appartenenti alle principali famiglie camorriste, che vanno ad assumere posizioni di comando generalmente in concomitanza della detenzione del proprio marito, convivente o fratello.

La Camorra inoltre si distingue per una elevata infiltrazione nel settore della pubblica amministrazione e negli enti locali. La provincia di Napoli è quella nella quale si registra il maggior numero di scioglimenti di consigli comunali per sospetto di infiltrazione mafiosa (44 casi dal 1991 ad oggi). La Camorra, così come le altre mafie italiane, ha esteso la sua azione anche all'estero, in particolar modo nei paesi dell'Est Europa, in Francia, Olanda, Spagna, Portogallo, America Latina, al fine di riciclare le ricchezze illecitamente accumulate.

La Direzione Investigativa Antimafia ha attestato che a Napoli il potere criminale è suddiviso in tre parti: quelle dei clan appartenenti alla cosiddetta "Alleanza di Secondigliano" (i boss Vincenzo Licciardi e Edoardo Contini), quella del clan Misso (alleato con la famiglia Mozzarella) e il clan Di Lauro.

Tra il 2004 e il 2005 si è registrato un violentissimo e cruento scontro armato all'interno del clan diretto da Paolo Di Lauro, operante, prevalentemente, nel quartiere di Secondigliano (NA) ed in alcuni comuni siti a nord della città di Napoli. Nel periodo della latitanza del capo, durata circa tre anni - Paolo Di Lauro è stato arrestato nel settembre del 2005 - il figlio Cosimo, reggente del sodalizio camorrista, ha imposto nuovi metodi di gestione del fiorentissimo mercato degli stupefacenti nonché di spartizione dei guadagni (500.000 euro al giorno) in favore degli esponenti di rilievo del gruppo criminale i quali ultimi, però, hanno rifiutato di aderire alle nuove regole, e, abbandonando il clan Di Lauro hanno costituito un autonomo gruppo, guidato da Raffaele Amato.

Tale nuovo sodalizio, denominato "clan degli scissionisti" ovvero "degli spagnoli" (la Spagna, infatti, era il luogo dove l'Amato, unitamente ad altri esponenti di rilievo del clan Di Lauro, si recava per l'approvvigionamento di ingenti quantitativi di sostanze stupefacenti), dopo aver aggregato molti dei vecchi aderenti al clan Di Lauro è entrato in conflitto con Cosimo Di Lauro, il quale, al fine di mantenere il controllo del territorio dei quartieri di Secondigliano e Scampia, ha innescato una feroce guerra contro il gruppo avversario. In pochi mesi, il conflitto ha provocato circa 60 morti di appartenenti all'uno e all'altro schieramento ovvero di loro parenti (vendette trasversali) o anche di semplici conoscenti, estranei a qualsivoglia logica criminale.

Dopo il cruento conflitto, le due organizzazioni camorristiche hanno fermato le ostilità, raggiungendo un accordo secondo il quale alcune piazze di spaccio sono gestite, in via esclusiva, dal clan Di Lauro ed altre dal clan degli scissionisti. I camorristi definiscono l'organizzazione criminale a cui appartengono "O' Sistema".

Oggi la 'Ndrangheta è l'organizzazione mafiosa più potente e pericolosa. Essa è nata in Calabria a metà dell'800. Le sue prime zone d'azione sono state la provincia di Reggio Calabria e quella di Lamezia Terme (un tempo Nicastro). Verso il finire dell'800, la 'Ndrangheta estese la sua azione anche nelle città di Catanzaro e Cosenza. La 'Ndrangheta ha una struttura organizzativa diversa sia da Cosa Nostra che dalla Camorra. La sua struttura, tenuto conto anche della morfologia del territorio calabrese e della difficoltà dei collegamenti, è di tipo orizzontale. Il suo elemento di base è la "ndrina" o cosca o famiglia che è radicata in un comune o in un quartiere cittadino. Sul suo territorio la 'ndrina è completamente autonoma e il suo capo, che dà il nome alla 'ndrina stessa, è denominato "capobastone". In un comune ci possono essere più 'ndrine; in tal caso, allora, esse fanno parte di un "locale". Ogni "locale" è retto da tre persone, denominati la "copiata": il "capobastone" (il quale ha potere di vita e di morte sui suoi uomini ed ha il diritto all'obbedienza assoluta), il "contabile" (addetto alle finanze), il "capo-crimine" (responsabile dell'organizzazione di tutte le azioni delittuose). La 'ndrina è formata essenzialmente dalla famiglia naturale, di sangue, del capobastone, alla quale si aggregano altre famiglie generalmente, o inizialmente, subalterne. Le famiglie aggregate non di rado sono imparentate a quella del capobastone. Molte alleanze, così come la cessazione di faide tra gruppi criminali, si stabiliscono attraverso la celebrazione di matrimoni combinati. La famiglia naturale e i legami di sangue costituiscono un potente scudo protettivo teso a limitare sensibilmente la possibilità di penetrare e di conoscere i segreti dell'organizzazione mafiosa e, conseguentemente, a rafforzare il sentimento di appartenenza e di omertà. Quanto affermato è testimoniato dal fatto che l'organizzazione mafiosa calabrese fa registrare il minor numero di collaboratori di giustizia rispetto ad altre compagini delinquenziali come Cosa Nostra e la Camorra. Confessare, per un 'ndranghetista, significherebbe accusare famigliari e parenti.

La 'Ndrangheta è l'organizzazione mafiosa più presente nel centro-nord Italia e all'estero. In ambito nazionale sono soprattutto le regioni della Lombardia e del Piemonte quelle nelle quali si sono scoperte le maggiori infiltrazioni 'ndranghetiste. Per quanto concerne l'estero, famiglie 'ndranghestiste sono presenti in Canada, Stati Uniti, Australia, Venezuela, Colombia, Africa, Spagna, Olanda, Belgio, Francia, Germania, Est Europa (in particolare Romania, Ungheria, Polonia). Attualmente la 'Ndrangheta occupa una posizione da monopolista nel traffico di cocaina a livello italiano ed europeo. Questo anche in considerazione della dimostrata capacità ed affidabilità finanziaria, che consiste nel pagare per pronta cassa lo stupefacente. La 'Ndrangheta ha rapporti con i cartelli colombiani, con l'organizzazione paramilitare denominata FARC, con associazioni criminali medio-orientali, con la mafia albanese, bulgara e turca, oltre che con sodalizi criminali dell'est europeo.

La potenza economica della mafia calabrese è notevole: si stima che il suo fatturato annuo superi i 30 miliardi di euro, parte del quale viene utilizzato per finanziare le attività illecite e un'altra parte, la maggiore, reinvestito nel settore commerciale, immobiliare, della ristorazione attraverso il riciclaggio di denaro sporco effettuato mediante società intestate a persone incensurate.

La 'Ndrangheta ha agito prevalentemente sotto traccia ed ha sempre approfittato della minore attenzione e della sottovalutazione che si sono registrate nei suoi confronti rispetto ad altre forme di crimine organizzato, in primis Cosa Nostra. I grandi capitali di cui dispone hanno aumentato la capacità della 'Ndrangheta di penetrare non solo nell'economia legale, nazionale e internazionale, ma anche nel settore della politica. Attualmente in Calabria sono attive 136 cosche, le quali risultano principalmente coinvolte nel traffico di sostanze stupefacenti e di rifiuti tossico-nocivi, in attività estorsive ed usuraie.

La storia del “pentitismo” di mafia: dalle importanti confessioni di Leonardo Vitale e Tommaso Buscetta, i due primi importanti boss mafiosi che iniziano un percorso di collaborazione con la giustizia, alla prima legge sui “pentiti” che viene approvata in Italia nel 1991 e che segna un passo decisivo nella lotta alla mafia. Le testimonianze dei collaboratori di giustizia non solo evocano spaccati di vita dai tratti a volte impressionanti ma ricostruiscono la storia di una delle più importanti organizzazioni criminali di tutti i tempi. Un’occasione unica per conoscere Cosa Nostra dal suo interno.

Il 15 luglio 1984 arriva a Roma, estradato dagli Stati Uniti, Tommaso Buscetta. Reduce da un tentativo di suicidio e dallo sterminio di quasi tutta la sua famiglia, si “pente” e grazie alla sua collaborazione con il giudice Giovanni Falcone, per la prima volta la Mafia comincia a non avere più un misteri. Buscetta parla, svela organigrammi, nomi, traffici, struttura, omicidi. Si ferma solo quando sta per parlare dei rapporti tra mafia e politica. La sua confessione è uno dei pilastri su cui si basa il Maxiprocesso, il primo vero e proprio processo alla Mafia.

La prima legge sui collaboratori di giustizia in Italia viene varata nel 1991. I suoi effetti sono dirompenti: moltissimi mafiosi, dopo le condanne del Maxiprocesso e le conseguenze della sanguinosa guerra interna scatenata dai Corleonesi, iniziano a collaborare usufruendo dei programmi di protezione e reinserimento della legge. La Mafia sembra quasi sconfitta.

Nel 2001 è approvata una nuova legge – che per alcuni restringe i troppi “privilegi”, mentre per altri, di fatto, indebolisce le possibilità di scoprire, attraverso l’aiuto dei collaboratori di giustizia, il cosiddetto terzo livello: i rapporti della mafia con la politica.

Carlo Lucarelli ricostruisce la storia di una delle maggiori organizzazioni criminali di tutti i tempi attraverso le vicende e le testimonianze dei collaboratori di giustizia. Le testimonianze dei numerosi ‘pentiti’ non solo ripercorrono vicende umane dai tratti sconvolgenti, ma anche la storia di una delle maggiori organizzazioni criminali di tutti i tempi. Un’occasione unica per conoscere la Mafia dal suo interno.

Il nome di Salvatore Giuliano rimane indissolubilmente legato alla prima strage dell’Italia repubblicana: a Portella della Ginestra, in provincia di Palermo, durante la Festa del Lavoro, il primo maggio del 1947, la banda di Giuliano spara su una manifestazione di contadini, uccidendo 11 persone tra cui due bambini. Il movente della strage è rimasto oscuro come oscura rimane la morte del bandito.

Chi era veramente Salvatore Giuliano? Un bandito, un capopopolo separatista, un uomo al soldo della mafia e dei servizi di sicurezza americani? Il movente di quella strage è rimasto oscuro come la morte del bandito, avvenuta nel luglio 1950. Una morte misteriosa, come quella di Gaspare Pisciotta, luogotenente di Giuliano, accusato di averlo venduto ai Carabinieri, che morirà avvelenato in carcere.

Scomodo testimone di patti inconfessabili tra lo Stato e la Mafia, la figura del bandito siciliano rimane ancora avvolta nel mistero.

A 2019 Biography Documentary Film by Mark Franchetti and Andrew Meier.

This feature-length documentary about Tommaso Buscetta, the first high-ranking Italian mafia boss ever to turn against Cosa Nostra. Buscetta helped convict more than 400 Mafiosi. He became the Mob's most wanted man in the world - and 11 members of his family were killed. "He was the most important, protected and endangered witness in US criminal history" The film tells - for the first time- the Buscetta story with exclusive access to his family, which is breaking its silence after 30 years in hiding.

A 2018 National Geographic Biography Documentary.

If you think of an iconic gangster, chances are the first person who'll spring to mind is fictional: Tony Soprano, Don Vito Corleone, Tony Montana. But how do they compare to the real thing?

National Geographic's Mafia Confidential delves into the story of one of the most powerful Mob bosses of all time, Salvatore "Toto" Riina. After becoming the head of the Corleonesi family in 1974, he came to dominate Italian organised crime through a ruthless campaign of violence and terror that continued even after his eventual arrest and imprisonment. As well as orchestrating hundreds of killings within the Mafia, Riina was also responsible for the assassination of politicians, judges and police officers who stood in his way.

During his time in power, he defied the Cosa Nostra's traditions by also targeting women and children, and ordered attacks on civilian targets like train stations. He was finally arrested in 1993 and was convicted of more than a hundred murders, leading one newspaper to brand him "The Devil".

Featuring interviews with insiders, Mafia Confidential presents an accurate account of what was happening during one of the bloodiest eras of Mafia history and paints an intriguing, unsettling picture of the man behind the nicknames "The Boss of Bosses" and "The Beast".

A 2017 Biography, History Documentary series narrated by Colin Tierney.

Episode 10: Florida and Cuba were ruled by top don Santo Trafficante. The King of Cuba's casinos was on the verge of mob stardom when a revolution destroys his plans. It results in a secret alliance between the mob and the CIA and a failed assassination attempt.

A 2017 Biography, History Documentary series narrated by Colin Tierney.

Episode 9: Bugsy Siegel, the Jewish gangster with charm and a killer's instinct, plays hard and dreams big. He's got a vision to build a gambling mecca in the Nevada desert; but when he stops playing by the Mafia's rules, Bugsy pays the ultimate price.

Episode 10: https://www.bitchute.com/video/qpN9gVndxJ8h/

A 2017 Biography, History Documentary series narrated by Colin Tierney.

Episode 8: The iconoclastic career of Joesph "Crazy Joe" Gallo and his brothers Albert and Larry is followed from his murder of Albert Anastasia in 1957 until his own assassination in 1972.

Episode 9: https://www.bitchute.com/video/5mgseySepgRc/

A 2017 Biography, History Documentary series narrated by Colin Tierney.

Episode 7: America's first superstar gangster, Al Capone, dominated headlines and is said to be responsible for the bloody St Valentines' Day Massacre. After being made the face of organized crime by US government Capone's public image brings about his downfall.

Episode 8: https://www.bitchute.com/video/CJqF6RPMKSkv/

A 2017 Biography, History Documentary series narrated by Colin Tierney.

Episode 6: In the lawless days of Prohibition America one gangster stands out as the black sheep Dutch Schultz. When Dutch threatens to kill a state prosecutor the mob can't risk the fallout. So they send Dutch a special message: a body full of lead.

Episode 7: https://www.bitchute.com/video/IZ7SH0OrNnPa/

Links to Season 1: https://www.bitchute.com/video/uk3aPbk4q5fo/
Link to Season 2: https://www.bitchute.com/video/3m08HVDwSnj8/

A 1997 Seventh Art Production for the BBC and A&E Network Biography Documentary. Written and Produced by Phil Grabsky, narrated by Brian Cox.

Episode 6: He lived more than 500 years after Caesar. He ruled from Constantinople, not Rome. But Justinian restored the Empire to its former glory one last time. He sent his armies west, where they recaptured territory lost to Barbican invasions in the 5th century, reclaiming most of the empire. He is remembered as 'the last of the Romans'. Born a peasant, he became emperor of the Roman world. But it was an empire in decline. He spent his life trying to save it. And though he saw great victories, there were also terrible defeats. Some would call themselves emperor for another thousand years, but history remembers him as the "last of the Romans."

This episode explores the life and legacy Justinian, whose goal was to restore the glory of the ancient Roman Empire, and who nearly succeeded. Ancient accounts and dramatic re- enactments detail the campaigns that saw Italy, North Africa and Southern Spain restored to Roman rule, while experts reveal why the gains were doomed to be short lived. Justininan's vision of a centralized empire required the development of a uniform 'one state, one law, and one church' – formula. After Justinian's unsuccessful attempts to restore the Roman empire, what remained became decidedly Byzantine in aspect.

A 1997 Seventh Art Production for the BBC and A&E Network Biography Documentary. Written and Produced by Phil Grabsky, narrated by Brian Cox.

Episode 5: Constantine revitalised a fading empire and built a glittering new capital that would stand for over 1,000 years. But his strongest legacy is religious; his conversion to Christianity put an end to hundreds of years of persecution and laid the foundations for Medieval Europe. He re-unified and strengthened an empire on the verge of collapse. His conversion to Christianity helped lay the foundations for Medieval Europe. After Julius Caesar, Constantine the Great is arguably the most important ruler in Roman history.
He took control of the Empire at one of its lowest ebbs and restored it for the final time to true glory.

This episode explores Constantine's life and legacy through ancient art and artifacts, expert commentary and historic re-enactments. Trace his 20- year struggle to take control of the splintered empire, and see how he restored it to its former glory through masterful diplomacy and the judicious use of force. Explore the dramatic story of his conversion, and the momentous changes in the Empire and the world that resulted. And walk the streets of the city he founded as the capital of his reborn empire. This is the definitive portrait of the ruler who saved his nation and transformed the world, Constantine the Great.

Episode 6: https://www.bitchute.com/video/hJrmk7OxuyXP/

A 1997 Seventh Art Production for the BBC and A&E Network Biography Documentary. Written and Produced by Phil Grabsky, narrated by Brian Cox.

Episode 4: He overturned centuries-old policies, declaring an end to expansions and abandoning far-flung territories. Hadrian was an enthusiastic patron of the arts, a champion of the common Roman and a tireless diplomat who toured the entire Empire.

He was born a thousand miles from Rome, yet became one of its most important rulers. After centuries of expansion, he decided that enough was enough.Hadrian is perhaps most famous for the wall he built across Britain. It is a fitting memorial to the emperor who declared an end to the expansionist policies of his predecessors, abandoning outlying territories and resolving to protect Rome from barbarian invaders.
This episode journeys back to Rome's Golden Age to profile the man who brought it to fruition.

See how the passion for culture he learned as a youth in Greece led him to support the art lavishly. An accomplished poet, Hadrian also oversaw the construction of many of Rome's greatest monuments, including the Pantheon. But his rule was not entirely without conflict, ancient accounts suggest that he may have killed over 500,000 people putting down an insurrection in Judea. This is the definitive portrait of the man who came from the edge of the empire to oversee Rome's Golden Age, the Emperor Hadrian.

Episode 5: https://www.bitchute.com/video/jBE69xYiy8z8/

A 1997 Seventh Art Production for the BBC and A&E Network Biography Documentary. Written and Produced by Phil Grabsky, narrated by Brian Cox.

Episode 3: He was seventeen when he took the throne, and during his capricious, fourteen-year rule, Nero almost brought the Empire to ruin. He was unable to quell rebellions and he had many political enemies killed. Eventually, the army rose up against him, the Senate declared him a public enemy and he committed suicide in disgrace. He was emotionally unstable, capricious and scandalous. Ironically, his troubled reign proved the strength of the Roman Empire. Nero was the last descendant of Caesar to inherit the throne.

This episode tells the twisted tale of this infamous figure. Hear ancient accounts of how he was responsible for the fire that destroyed most of Rome. Modern scholars, however, reveal how this accusation while fitting Nero's character is likely untrue, and suggest that his mistress who he later married may have been responsible for many of his legendary excesses. Discover how he scandalized the army and aristocracy by appearing in plays, and explore his bizarre relationship with his mother, whom he eventually had killed.

Episode 4: https://www.bitchute.com/video/mmyYMbxVwOsj/

A 1997 Seventh Art Production for the BBC and A&E Network Biography Documentary. Written and Produced by Phil Grabsky, narrated by Brian Cox.

Episode 2: Caesar's military brilliance forged a new Rome, but it was Augustus's political genius that made it an empire for the ages. Declared emperor by the Senate, he oversaw a period of growth and prosperity marked by extraordinary artistic achievement and rapid expansion of the empire.

He was heir to the greatest empire on earth but did not know it. Under his brilliant leadership, Rome was restored to unity and order after years of civil war. Augustus was Julius Caesar's grand nephew and adopted son, and unbeknownst to him, Caesar had decreed that on his death, Augustus should succeed him as Consul of Rome. In the years that followed, Augustus proved himself worthy of the choice, eventually winning total control of the Empire after defeating a challenge from Marc Antony.

This episode explores the life of the first true Roman Emperor. Discover how he was given the title by the Senate, despite always presenting himself in public at least as first citizen, not as ruler. World-renowned scholars detail his many accomplishments, including a sweeping reconstruction campaign he boasted that he "found Rome brick and left it marble." Period accounts detail his struggle to assume power, and ancient art and artifacts speak of his vast influence and legacy. From his drive to restore the morality of the empire to forging the Pax Romana, this is the saga of the first true Roman Emperor Augustus.

Episode 3: https://www.bitchute.com/video/TG0mInckJg0k/

A 1997 Seventh Art Production for the BBC and A&E Network Biography Documentary. Written and Produced by Phil Grabsky, narrated by Brian Cox.

Its army dominated the known world. Its culture forms the heart of Western Civilization. At its zenith, the Roman Empire extended from Persia to England, the Black Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. And throughout its history, its fate rested in the hands of individuals men of genius and courage, madness and ambition. Starting with Julius Caesar, films charts the rise and fall of the Roman power over 600 years, and this classic award-winning series takes a fascinating look at the public and private lives of six key men who ruled ancient Rome: Julius Caesar, Augustus, Nero, Hadrian, Constantine and Justinian.

Their careers were made up of bloody battles and tactical bribery, stunning innovation and profound corruption, dazzling rhetoric and vicious back-stabbing – and together they form a picture of the most sophisticated highs and most brutal lows of the Roman Empire's inception, heyday and final decline. Stretching at its peak, from the north of England to southern Egypt and from the west coast of Spain to Syria in the east, the Roman Empire included within its boundaries myriad people, cultures and climates. The task of ruling it seems an impossible one, even with today’s communication technology.

So how was it achieved two thousand years ago? And why has ancient Rome had such profound influence on western civilization ever since? Whether your interest is Caesar's brilliant military manoeuvring, Rome's astonishing statuary and architecture or the political strategies behind imperial power, these films offer an accessible introduction to the subject. I, CAESAR spans three continents and seven centuries to tell the saga of the Roman Empire and the men who shaped it. Ancient accounts detail Nero's madness and Augustus's political brilliance. The battles of Caesar and Justinian come to life through dramatic re- enactments. Modern scholars explore Constantine's conversion to Christianity. Cutting- edge computer graphics capture the splendor of Hadrian's "golden age," and location footage from twenty-three countries shows the splendid ruins of Imperial Rome. In the riveting stories of its fabled rulers, the rise and fall of the Roman Empire comes alive. I, CAESAR takes a fresh look at the Roman Empire and shows that ancient history doesn't have to be a thing of the past.

Episode 1. Julius Caesar's ambition created a colossal empire, and he gave his name to the rulers who succeeded him. He has been a symbol of power and majesty for 2,000 years. But to his countryman, Caesar was an upstart, a gambler and a tyrant who destroyed the Roman Republic and paved the way for the rule of emperors. His reign transformed his nation and marked the beginning of the Roman Empire. His name inspires awe and admiration to this day. Julius Caesar is one of the towering figures of human history. He gave his name to the rulers that followed him, and passed down a vast empire carved from his determination and military genius. This definitive portrait uses countless ancient artifacts, texts, commentary from leading experts and dramatic re-enactments to explore his life and legacy.

Follow his meteoric rise to power and his brilliant military conquests. Hear his own descriptions of some of his greatest battles, and visit the sites of these legendary engagements. And investigate the controversy surrounding his legacy: was he an ambitious demagogue, as his detractors claim, or a defender of the people's rights against the vested powers of a controlling oligarchy? From his several wives to his storied death at the hands of Brutus, this episode proudly presents the life of Caesar.

Episode 2: https://www.bitchute.com/video/NjG19WVj1HnY/

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Created 2 years, 4 months ago.

1230 videos

Category Education

"A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots."
"Civilizations Die by Suicide Not by Murder."

This is a History documentaries channel. Mainly about ancient, medieval and WWII history. But also Arts documentaries mixed with history, Movies, TV Series and Extras bonus material.

Many of these documentaries are made available thanks to MVGroup: https://forums.mvgroup.org/
It is the best site, IMO, with a vaste number of documentaries on every possible subject.

My other channels which are about Sport and Art:
1. Adaneth_Arts: https://www.bitchute.com/channel/CSJUA3GQova7/
2. Adaneth_TTC Lectures: https://www.bitchute.com/channel/bwFVljMcBUeC/
3. Adaneth_Sport: https://www.bitchute.com/channel/BLLcSQcF5CX9/