Bible Expositor

This is the completion of the topic begun in Quantum Quagmire, and a brief revisiting of Let There Be Light: Making Waves.

Resources:

Quantum Quagmire https://youtu.be/FMUP7jHaOX0
Let there be Light https://youtu.be/7gpmCcrWltk
quantum paradox http://www.animations.physics.unsw.edu.au/jw/light/youngs-experiment-single-photons.html
nature of quanta http://www.animations.physics.unsw.edu.au/jw/light/molecules-and-photons.htm
what are photons https://www.universetoday.com/74027/what-are-photons/
my website http://fether.net/

Prophecy, comprising nearly one-third of the Bible's content, sets the Bible apart from other religious texts. Along with many historical references that help to validate the prophecies, this shows the Bible to be much more than a teaching about morality. Without prophecy, the gospel itself is invalidated (Luke 24:44, 1 Cor. 15:1-4).

References:
scripture passages http://bible.fether.net/index.php?pager=rl
importance https://christinprophecy.org/articles/the-importance-of-bible-prophecy/
rapture/departure http://fether.net/index.php?ID=590
remaining http://fether.net/index.php?ID=650

What does the Bible really say about followers of the Jesus who rose from the dead, as concerns behavior, relationships, worship, and evangelism?

References:
scripture passages http://bible.fether.net/index.php?pager=rl
The Powers That Be http://www.fether.net/index.php?ID=615
equality http://books.fether.net/index.php?theBook=NIC
CBE International https://www.cbeinternational.org/
discipleship https://saltlight261114888.wordpress.com/discipleship/

Who is the God of the Bible, and how could God have possibly died to save us?

References:
scripture passages http://bible.fether.net/index.php?pager=rl
The Trinity http://fether.net/index.php?ID=279

The statement that Jesus died to pay the sin of the world begs the question, "To whom or what was the payment made?" Ransoms are paid to kidnappers; redemption is paid to get or re-acquire something. Who or what was paid, and why was payment necessary at all?

References:
http://192.168.10.10/TGNT/index.php?pager=rl

What is salvation in the Christian faith? Why do we need it? How can we get it? Can we lose it? What should we do after we have it?

References:
Go To Heaven! http://fether.net/index.php?ID=545
Bible evidence http://fether.net/index.php?ID=588 and https://youtu.be/Z2km5nr8mlM
OT references to the sacrifical Messiah http://www.khouse.org/enews_article/2011/1765/
Against Calvinism http://fether.net/index.php?ID=296

This lesson will cover the books of Zechariah and Malachi.

Zechariah was a prophet/priest born in Babylonian captivity just before the return and restoration. So his message was for the remnant starting over in Israel, to motivate them to finish the job of rebuilding as a faithful nation.

Malachi seems to have been written after the Babylonian exile, but no one can say exactly how long after. He wrote to the returned exiles and warned them about their empty rituals and twisted logic.

Resources:
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Zechariah https://netbible.org/bible/Zechariah+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Malachi https://netbible.org/bible/Malachi+1

This lesson will cover several short books from Obadiah to Haggai.

Resources:
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Obadiah https://netbible.org/bible/Obadiah+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Jonah https://netbible.org/bible/Jonah+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Micah https://netbible.org/bible/Micah+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Nahum https://netbible.org/bible/Nahum+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Habakkuk https://netbible.org/bible/Habakkuk+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Zephaniah https://netbible.org/bible/Zephaniah+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Haggai https://netbible.org/bible/Haggai+1

Hosea, one of the minor prophets active in the 8th cent. BC, suffers more than any other book in the Bible from disputes over its wording, due to differences among text families. Even so, it carries the familiar teachings of the Sinai Covenant concerning sin, judgment, salvation, and the love of God, and the constant tension between steadfast love and the need to purge sin.

Joel focused mostly on Judah and Jerusalem, and was a significant prophet in spite of the shortness of the book. He writes more technically than poetically, and very boldly and to the point.

Amos was a shepherd and an expert on certain kinds of trees, who was given prophetic insight two years before "the earthquake", though there's disagreement over which one this refers to. He was sent to warn the northern kingdom of Israel, whose appearance of prosperity was a thin veneer over corruption and inhumanity.

Resources:
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Hosea https://netbible.org/bible/Hosea+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Joel https://netbible.org/bible/Joel+1
NET with notes, Constable's commentary, Amos https://netbible.org/bible/Amos+1
intertestamental period http://www.templemount.org/0240.html

Daniel was a young man when he was taken into exile in Babylon with the people of Judah, before the group that would include Ezekiel. Many have tried to push the date of writing past the events predicted, out of nothing but bias against divine inspiration, because the prophecies concerning historical events are so accurate and detailed. Jesus referred to Daniel specifically, as also did Ezekiel.

Resources:
NET with notes, Constable's commentary https://netbible.org/bible/Daniel+1
Dan. 9:25 Hebrew https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/25112/separation-of-seven-and-sixty-two-in-daniel-925
Dan. 9:25 Greek https://biblehub.com/interlinear/apostolic/daniel/9.htm

Daniel was a young man when he was taken into exile in Babylon with the people of Judah, before the group that would include Ezekiel. Many have tried to push the date of writing past the events predicted, out of nothing but bias against divine inspiration, because the prophecies concerning historical events are so accurate and detailed. Jesus referred to Daniel specifically, as also did Ezekiel.

Resources:
NET with notes, Constable's commentary https://netbible.org/bible/Daniel+1
dating Daniel http://www.tektonics.org/af/danieldefense.php
Bible Hub commentaries on Dan. 2:43 https://biblehub.com/commentaries/daniel/2-43.htm
Dan. 2:43 https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/2152/meaning-of-daniel-243

Ezekiel was both a prophet and a priest, and though his book is part of the Major Prophets, no other part of scripture refers to him by name. He is most known for his vision of God, but there is a lot of other important material as well, including end-times events and the Millennial Kingdom. Unlike other prophetic books, this one seems to be largely chronological and includes frequent date markers, a chart of which appears in the commentary under "Structure". God refers to Ezekiel as "son of man" (human), and Ezekiel refers to God as "Adonai YHWH" (Lord of Lords).

Resources:
NET with notes, Constable's commentary https://netbible.org/bible/Ezekiel+1
ignored Bible research http://fether.net/index.php?ID=215
temple location https://beginningandend.com/secret-of-the-lost-temple-the-real-location-of-solomons-temple-revealed/
three cities http://books.fether.net/index.php?theBook=BPFF&theChap=11

Ezekiel was both a prophet and a priest, and though his book is part of the Major Prophets, no other part of scripture refers to him by name. He is most known for his vision of God, but there is a lot of other important material as well, including end-times events and the Millennial Kingdom. Unlike other prophetic books, this one seems to be largely chronological and includes frequent date markers, a chart of which appears in the commentary under "Structure". God refers to Ezekiel as "son of man" (human), and Ezekiel refers to God as "Adonai YHWH" (Lord of Lords).

Resources:
NET with notes, Constable's commentary https://netbible.org/bible/Ezekiel+1
Antiochus Epiphanes https://www.christiancourier.com/articles/1191-daniels-prophecy-of-antiochus-epiphanes

This book's author is unknown, but there's good reason to presume it was Jeremiah. It was read on the annual fast for Jerusalem's destruction from as far back as anyone could remember, in the hope that future generations of Hebrews would not repeat the wickedness of their ancestors. The 5 chapters are 5 separate laments or dirges.

Resources:
NET with notes, Constable's commentary https://netbible.org/bible/Lamentations+1

Jeremiah's prophetic ministry overlapped those of Nahum, Zephanaiah, Habakkuk, Ezekiel, Daniel, and Huldah, around the time the southern kingdom of Judah went into exile after wavering between alliances with either Assyria or Egypt. Jeremiah was dubbed "The Weeping Prophet" for good reasons: his entire adult life was spent delivering harsh, negative truth to his people, and such a life and mission invites personal attack. It's a very biographical book, in that it continually tells of the prophet's own feelings and experiences, and the tragedy of being denied the companionship and acceptance he always wanted, and the refusal of Judah to repent. By the world's standards he was an abject failure, but by spiritual standards he was a hero.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/jeremiah.pdf
Jacob's Trouble https://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/revelation/introduction/jacobs-trouble-and-the-great-tribulation.html#9757E

Jeremiah's prophetic ministry overlapped those of Nahum, Zephanaiah, Habakkuk, Ezekiel, Daniel, and Huldah, around the time the southern kingdom of Judah went into exile after wavering between alliances with either Assyria or Egypt. Jeremiah was dubbed "The Weeping Prophet" for good reasons: his entire adult life was spent delivering harsh, negative truth to his people, and such a life and mission invites personal attack. It's a very biographical book, in that it continually tells of the prophet's own feelings and experiences, and the tragedy of being denied the companionship and acceptance he always wanted, and the refusal of Judah to repent. By the world's standards he was an abject failure, but by spiritual standards he was a hero.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/jeremiah.pdf
the prophetess Huldah https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/112503/jewish/Huldah-the-Prophetess.htm

The book of the prophet Isaiah is one of the major prophetic books, and many consider it a "mini-Bible" of its own. Though chapter/verse markings were not part of the early copies, it happens that the 1st 39 chapters are more about judgment just as the Old Testament's 39 books are, while the last 27 chapters are more about consolation just as the New Testament's 27 books are. Isaiah literally means, "The Lord is Salvation", which summarizes the book. There is a comparison chart on p. 11 of the commentary.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/isaiah.pdf

The book of the prophet Isaiah is one of the major prophetic books, and many consider it a "mini-Bible" of its own. Though chapter/verse markings were not part of the early copies, it happens that the 1st 39 chapters are more about judgment just as the Old Testament's 39 books are, while the last 27 chapters are more about consolation just as the New Testament's 27 books are. Isaiah literally means, "The Lord is Salvation", which summarizes the book. There is a comparison chart on p. 11 of the commentary.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/isaiah.pdf
covenants chart https://photos.app.goo.gl/WMK2FM4URokLaUMZ7
two servants http://jesusplusnothing.com/studies/online/MessiahinIsaiah.htm
two comings https://www.thoughtco.com/rapture-vs-the-second-coming-700630

The book of the prophet Isaiah is one of the major prophetic books, and many consider it a "mini-Bible" of its own. Though chapter/verse markings were not part of the early copies, it happens that the 1st 39 chapters are more about judgment just as the Old Testament's 39 books are, while the last 27 chapters are more about consolation just as the New Testament's 27 books are. Isaiah literally means, "The Lord is Salvation", which summarizes the book. There is a comparison chart on p. 11 of the commentary.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/isaiah.pdf
Damascus oracle future view https://gracethrufaith.com/end-times-prophecy/isaiah-17-an-oracle-against-damascus/

The book of the prophet Isaiah is one of the major prophetic books, and many consider it a "mini-Bible" of its own. Though chapter/verse markings were not part of the early copies, it happens that the 1st 39 chapters are more about judgment just as the Old Testament's 39 books are, while the last 27 chapters are more about consolation just as the New Testament's 27 books are. Isaiah literally means, "The Lord is Salvation", which summarizes the book. There is a comparison chart on p. 11 of the commentary.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/isaiah.pdf
Isaiah 3:12 https://godswordtowomen.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/gods_word_to_women1.pdf (p. 19, lesson 621)
Isaiah 7:14 https://knowingscripture.com/articles/is-virgin-the-correct-translation-of-isaiah-7-14

The book of Ecclesiastes gets its name from the Greek word for "congregation", but the Hebrew title refers to the teacher or speaker to the congregation. The teacher was possibly Solomon, and if so, it was likely written after he traded his wisdom for a huge harem of foreign women, and possibly after repenting. Its theme is the futility and meaninglessness of mortal life. All the teacher could conclude is that meaning is found only through faith in God and living accordingly.

The Song of Solomon (or Song of Songs) could have been written by someone other than Solomon, possibly even a woman, since it seems to be more from the woman's perspective. That is, "Solomon's Song" could mean the song ABOUT him rather than BY him. It's written as drama or at least a vivid love poem.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/ecclesiastes.pdf
http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/song.pdf

The book of Proverbs is a collection of wise sayings or teachings to live by. Think of them as micro-parables, with the shortness of each saying being helpful for memorization. Most of them are attributed to Solomon, but someone named Agur wrote chapter 30, and a King Lemuel wrote chapter 31.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/proverbs.pdf
video https://youtu.be/M-5GoQ9SvQ4

The Psalms, penned by at least 8 different people over many generations, are essentially worship song lyrics or hymnals. They cover the span of human emotions in relation to God, and are generally divided into five "books": 1-41, 42-72, 73-89, 90-106, and 107-150. But the New Testament seems to indicate that they also contain some prophecy, the primary topic of which is the Messiah and his coming kingdom. See the commentary linked below for more details.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/psalms.pdf

The Psalms, penned by at least 8 different people over many generations, are essentially worship song lyrics or hymnals. They cover the span of human emotions in relation to God, and are generally divided into five "books": 1-41, 42-72, 73-89, 90-106, and 107-150. But the New Testament seems to indicate that they also contain some prophecy, the primary topic of which is the Messiah and his coming kingdom. See the commentary linked below for more details.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/psalms.pdf

The Psalms, penned by at least 8 different people over many generations, are essentially worship song lyrics or hymnals. They cover the span of human emotions in relation to God, and are generally divided into five "books": 1-41, 42-72, 73-89, 90-106, and 107-150. But the New Testament seems to indicate that they also contain some prophecy, the primary topic of which is the Messiah and his coming kingdom. See the commentary linked below for more details.

Resources:
commentary http://rickywong1029.familyds.net/2012_dl_bks/notes/constable/notes/pdf/psalms.pdf

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Created 8 months ago.

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CategorySpirituality & Faith

This channel focuses on understanding the integrity, purpose, scope, and teaching of the Bible, from the literal, historical, grammatical hermeneutic (interpretation method). Documents related to this can be found at my websites:
http://www.fether.net
http://bible.fether.net
http://books.fether.net