IgorandFrankenstein

Accent plants or companion plants are a small but growing part of bonsai. They re used to compliment and accentuate your tree in a display. This could be through colour or texture. They are essentially mini display trees for your miniature display trees.

The Darwin Awards are a cautionary tale, a inspiration for you when you do something stupid and a record of human natural selection.

For those not familiar the award it is a title given to those who have died in a stupid way and prevented themselves from procreating. It needs to not only be death but death in a way that is unique and notable.

With some notoriety over the years from a book series and comedic documentary the Darwin Awards are something that you should know about if you do not. They will make you feel better about some of your dumb decisions.

Relevant links:

Darwin Awards
https://darwinawards.com/darwin/
High on Life
https://darwinawards.com/darwin/darwin2006-05.html

Natural selection images and examples used
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Life_cycle_of_a_sexually_reproducing_organism.svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lichte_en_zwarte_versie_berkenspanner_crop.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Antibiotic_resistance.svg

Darwin Awards trailer
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KIEQXIkXrPU

This week has a strong contender for this years “what were they thinking?” when 2 women were admitted to hospital for trying to vacuum their period out. A Dr is recruiting experts to counter social media misinformation and the CRISPR babies are likely more vulnerable to several serious diseases. These are just some of the things that will either make you hold your head in shame or think that maybe there is hope yet.

00:10 Tapeworm larvae mistaken for brain cancer

01:23 Social media Dr recruiting for fact checking pseudoscience debunking team

02:47 CDC announces 2019 has highest measles cases since 1995

04:07 FDA finds surprising amounts of PFAS in food

05:22 Memory supplement is probably causing miscarriage

07:06 CRISPR Babies may be in worse position than first thoughts

07:59 Sex could exist to minimize the harm from cancer

08:51 Pfizer could have buried a viable Alzheimer treatment lead

11:29 Overprotective parent has embarrassing diagnosis of childbearing

12:51 We may understand why the sun has an 11 year solar cycle

13:41 Do not vacuum your vagina to speed your period

14:06 AI that can generate a picture of your face from your voice is close

Relevant links:

Woman went to the hospital with symptoms pointing to brain cancer, ‘and what came out was a baby tapeworm’
https://fox6now.com/2019/06/07/woman-went-to-the-hospital-with-symptoms-pointing-to-brain-cancer-and-what-came-out-was-a-baby-tapeworm/

or is recruiting an army of medical experts to drown out fake health news on Instagram and Twitter
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/05/31/doctor-recruiting-doctors-to-fight-fake-health-info-on-social-media.html

Help Us Build Something Great!
https://ahsm.org/

CDC Says Measles Cases in U.S. Have Now Reached Over 1,000 So Far in 2019
https://gizmodo.com/cdc-says-measles-cases-in-u-s-have-now-reached-over-1-1835288447?IR=T

As Measles Cases Surpass 1,000, Secretary Azar Reinforces Commitment to Vaccination
https://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2019/06/05/as-measles-c..

Ethanol is the social lubricant of the modern world. Known to be the alcohol part of alcoholic beverages it is more than that. Despite being more than the other part of vodka it is a solvent, source of energy and more.

This video looks at what the ethanol molecule is, what it is made from and why.

The video is a little heavy on the chemistry side but it is necessary to understand what ethanol is.

Relevant links:

Wiki: Alcohol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohol

Wiki: Ethanol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol

Sugars used in brewing are not all meant to be fermented. In fact excessive sugar can cause a horrible excess of alcohol. To alter the body and mouth feel unfermentable sugars used.

This is also true of other products like chewing gum. Chewing gum generates a slight negative calorie intake because it uses a sugar that can not be metabolized, eg, xylitol.

Some people choose to use sugars that can not be metabolized for dietary reasons. These are zero calorie sugars.

They are zero calorie because both yeast and humans lack the enzymes needed to break chemical bonds. Without this the sugar acts as dietary fiber and passes out of the human GI tract or is not adsorbed by the yeast cell.

The variety of sugars listed in this video give you options to accommodate a number situations in which you may find yourself.

Whilst most of the items listed in this video are harmless some do need extra careful use around pets.

Relevant links:

Xylitol fermentation by human dental plaque.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8930583

Threshold for transitory diarrhea induced by ingestion of xylitol and lactitol in young male and female adults.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17484374

This weeks what were they thinking is a mix of the novel, the reproduced, the unproducved and a viral video. It is space heavy with several anomalies and disappointments. Finally do you need to go tot he bathroom almost right after you drink coffee? There may be an answer on the horizon.

00:10 Big Bang Theory reflects real, current research

02:01 New fungi fossil pushes the earliest date of land capable multi cellular organisms back even further than before.

04:45 Bonobo mothers are very involved in their sons sex lives

06:44 Researchers propose increasing greenhouse CO2 to decrease methane.

08:28 Offices temperatures are effecting performance of workers based on gender.

10:43 Pluto could have liquid oceans

12:04 Twin asteroids to pass by earth

12:37 Weird fireballs over Australia

13:59 Chinese rocket explodes taking supposed spy equipment with it

15:34 Martian dunes undergo completely unique geological changes

18:34 Viral video of coke can lining

19:38 City of Baltimore held hostage by hackers

21:57 Kanuka honey may be new manuka honey after clinical trial

25:03 Pinterest users are making their own bad versions of sunscreen

27:20 Canadian parents succeed in appeal over killing their child

30:07 MRI study of how babies head deform during vaginal birth

30:38 Study begins to explain why coffee makes you need to poo

32:56 Clinical trial shows that “ultra processed” food is bad for you

35:46 Overweight might not be the riskiest body weight

36:54 Study explores the ways people use passionate employees

37:52 Kevin Folta, science advocate, announces withdrawal from Twitter

40:00 International Day for Biological Diversity

This is the first part in a how to series on creating your own cascade/ semi cascade bonsai. This video focuses on the latter (semi cascade) but the same rules apply to cascades just extended further.

The semi cascade is defined by a trunk that not standing up right but not horizontal. Similar to a windswept.

The trunk than end either at the height or just below the pot rim.

The semi cascade is more horrizontal than a cascade.

You will almost always see cascades in a tall pot. Exceptions occur where the pot is kept on a tal stand to mimic the effect of a tall pot by raizing a short one higher.

This is a good style for beginners as it is open to interpretation. There are rules but they are more like guidelines. You can use your own methods to train the tree.

One thing not said in the video is that these trees are secured in a down ward direction by wiring the trunk with a tie down wire that goes under the pot. You can just wire the trunk but as it grows from a young tree the trunk wil b epulled up. With an older tree with a heavier trunk you do not need to do this.

Pines make some of the most stunning bonsai trees. They are also some of the least beginner friendly trees. For this reason rushing into the purchase of good bonsai stock for beginner can be an expensive learning curve.

Pines fall into two major types that need to be treated differently. You can identify the black pine as described in this video because it has a crown of needles around the base of the leading end and along the branch.

This is where your branch grows from. You can create compact growth by cutting this back properly. This will improve branch ramification. It will also run the risk of killing a branch.

The problem with pines is several fold:

There are multiple species.
The trees growth habit is unique.
The branches do not grow is a straightforward manner.
You can easily over water a pine.

The upside is that an established pine tree:

Requires less frequent repottting
They look stunning
They are hard to harm with over fertilizing.

This week is full of the strange, stupid and unexpected. America continues to prove that maybe natural selection should be allowed to take its course whilst some researchers argue humans should halt their own evolution. Australian begin to crack down on health practitioners espousing anti vaxxer sentiments and CO2 hits a record high of 415 ppm. The latter has led to Bill Nye wading into another topic for which he is entertaining but woefully under prepared.

00:10 Mysterious jars of dead

01:27 Impressive machine modelling of how measles cases spread

04:08 Australian health regulators discourage medical practitioners from anti vaxxer advocacy

05:38 Autism neural cell genotyping investigation finds association between severity and genetics

06:49 MAC and immune system function video

08:14 Most synthetic organism to date

10:11 Possible interpretation of the voynich manuscript

11:22 weird case study of amoeba STI infection via heterosexual intercourse

13:03 Novel haemostatic gel with major cardiovascular surgery implications.

13:50 Computer modeled after organic brain develops number detection spontaneously

15:28 Survey reveals 56% of Americans do not want Arabic numerals taught in school.

16:55 Bill Nye steps into the global warming debate with a fiery entrance

19:07 Global CO2 levels hit 415ppm

19:50 academics argue that we should halt human evolution

20:51 IHOP embarrass itself by failing basic anatomy in pancake ad

21:55 Koalas may be functionally extinct

22:58 Bayer goes to appellate court over Monsanto/ glyphosate lawsuit decision.

Relevant links:

More mysterious jars of the dead unearthed in Laos
https://anu.prezly.com/more-mysterious-jars-of-the-dead-unearthed-in-laos

Measles Outbreak Simulator
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L9A-aJ2tKfY

FRED U.S. Measles Simulator
https://fred.publichealth.pitt.edu/measles

Measles Cases and Outbreaks
https://www.cdc.gov/measles/cases-outbreaks.html

Health professionals threatened with disciplinary actio..

Patents are generally not a topic brought up over dinner. In fact they are often only spoken of during heated discussions between those who believe or disagree with the ownership of an invention. These people fall into a several camps such as anarchists, inventors and patent attorneys who each have their own view on the validity of the patent system.

Some people think that a patent is like copyright. Some view a trade secret as a patent. Other don’t know what a patent is . This video tries to answer what a aptent is and what is does in simple terms. This is accurate if you are only looking to protect your invention in one country that has a common law or common law like system.

The patent system exists to provide a balance between the needs and benefit to a creator, the fostering of new creations and competition, and the greater public good. This is done by protecting the monopoly of an invention for a time. This involves making all of the information needed to create competition or replacements available to the public. Whilst these two complimentary and adversarial approaches exist it leaves any unidentified workaround open to the creative person who is willing to find it with penalty.

Relevant links:

10 Major Drugs Losing Patent Protections in 2018
https://www.pharmamanufacturing.com/articles/2018/10-major-drugs-losing-patent-protections-in-2018/

25 Strangest Patents Ever Filed
https://list25.com/25-strangest-patents-ever-filed/

“Controversial” Patents in PTO History
https://www.lexisnexisip.com/knowledge-center/controversial-patents-in-pto-history/

Patent controversies and court cases
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3493429/

Eight Steps to Patent Your Invention
https://www.usa.gov/features/eight-steps-to-patent-your-invention

Design around
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Design_around

Workarounds and designarounds are what Steve Jobs suggested to Google and its device makers
http://www.fosspatents.com/2011/12/workarounds-and-designarounds..

This week has proven that the world is ill prepared for a meteorite strike. That antivaxxers can start their own salt mining industry will all the irony they are generating. Amazons founder, Jeff Bezos, reveals plans to mine for fuel in space.

00:14 Gonorrhea transmitted by kissing

02:00 Man tears artery in neck and gives himself a stroke

02:50 Kentucky teen sues over vaccine policy and than contracts chicken pox (the salt mine is back in business)

04:33 US measles outbreak model predicts worse to come; up to 25 more major outbreaks

06:27 Germany legislates mandatory vaccines

07:59 Vassopressin might be an autism treatment

10:12 ALK7 - Activin B relationship might help suppress tumors

10:56 Harvard researchers find brain structure related to being a Pokemon master

12:20 Jeff Bezos reveals his plans for a lunar lander

14:55 Australia’s Central bank takes responsibility for responsibility mistake.

16:38 Interesting article from Science alert on demon Core; the third unused atomic bomb

Fruit flies are one of natures ways to transport yeast. They work in a symbiotic way to do this. Yeast signals the fly and the fly arrives to lay its eggs. The eggs feast on the yeast and than they become trained to favour that particular yeast variety. As they grow they fly away and crete new colonies of the same yeast strain.

The yeast achieves this strange feat of hitching a ride on flies by secreting aromatic compounds. The same ones you can smell when brewing. These do not have a substantial benefit in day to day life. In fact the converse is true; this scent may attract predators or competition. However, in this key scenario it attracts the fly.

If you are starting a sourdough or wild yeast culture this is something worth remembering. The stronger smelling and tasting yeast will attract more flies and other insects.

Relevant links:

Fruit Fly Trap Instructions
https://lancaster.unl.edu/pest/resources/fruitflytrap.shtml

THE R6LE OF YEAST IN THE NUTRITION OF AN INSECT (DROSOPHILA).
http://www.jbc.org/content/30/2/181.full.pdf

Yeast, not fruit volatiles mediate Drosophila melanogaster attraction, oviposition and development
https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2012.02006.x

Interactions between Drosophila and its natural yeast symbionts—Is Saccharomyces cerevisiae a good model for studying the fly-yeast relationship?
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4556146/

Drosophila regulate yeast density and increase yeast community similarity in a natural substrate.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22860093/

Increased outbreeding in yeast in response to dispersal by an insect vector
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17276903/

The yeast spore wall enables spores to survive passage through the digestive tract of Drosophila.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18682732/

The fungal aroma gene ATF1 promotes dispersal of yeast cells through insect vectors.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25310977/

The ecology and evolution of non-domesticated Saccharomyces species.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25242436/

Yeast's beery smell attracts fruit flies
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/218/2/164.1

Wiki; Drosphila
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drosophila

Good wiring is a core tenant of bonsai. It minimizes the damage done to your tree, how frequently you need to re-wire and how much wire is used. Getting it right at the start is difficult and this video is meant to add to the available information.

This video shows you how to select a wire that will work and how to test if it is the right choice. Wiring branch pairs. How to wire parallel branches. Simple but important things that sometimes slip away from you over time. This very fact is seen with some of the trees in this video.

If you are starting out on your brewing hobby than you may think that either less equipment or more equipment is needed. Some expect a full suite of fermenting tanks, special fridges and other tools. Some think that you just need a bottle of bakers yeast, some sugar and sealed vessel.

The luckier people will be begin when given a beer brewing kit that includes most the hardware/ equipment needed to get started. Others may try to get going them selves. This video is mostly for the latter group who are starting out from beginning with nothing or limited knowledge and a tight budget

At a minimum you will need

A large pot (12-20L or 3-5 gallons)

A fermenter; ideally 2 for beer brewing

An air lock for each fermenter

Sanatiser

A sugar hydrometer

Bottles

A stirring Spoon

A thermometer

Most of this is available for under $50 and you may find better or worse deals locally. Allow between $30 and $70 for your total budget.

With this equipment you can begin brewing your regular fermentations reliably and predictably. If you want to get onto distilling it is a different beast entirely and you should look here for details on that :

How column distillation works (Basic) (https://youtu.be/UOwVlArFP_Q)

How is a Pot Still Different to a Column Still (https://youtu.be/1hhNmCzCk0Q)

Disclaimer;
The exact items pictured or referred to are not endorsed or criticised specifically but as an example of the general price, performance or style of product.

With the flu rate growing and winter having arrived a few days ago many people will begin to feel lethargic, have a sore throat and fever this video is here to explain what the flu is and how the vaccine works.

This relevant as there is evidence that this years influenza vaccine may not have the coverage and effect experienced in past years.

HeLa cells are the original immortal cell line that have been the basis of major medical and scientific discoveries since 1951. As with most scientific and medical advances from this period they are not without controversy. So what are HeLa cells, where did they come from and what is the controversy?

HeLa cells are a cancerous cell line purified and isolated from biopsy tissue from Henrietta Lacks in 1951 as part of her medical treatment. This is one of a surprising number of immortal cell lines that have been isolated over the years. It is also a good case study in the historical, social and ethical problems of cells isolated from patients.

HeLa cells are distinct from cells obtained from normal tissue. Normal tissue has reached the end of its capacity to divide or replicate. This leads to a short storage or usable period. Hela cells are able to survive and divide indefinitely with suitable maintenance.

The benefits to the world and many individuals from Hela cells were first seen with the advent of the polio vaccine. The role they have had in world growth and medical care has only increased since than.

These same benefits and the accolades that go with them have drawn the attention of many people. Some question the circumstances surrounding the isolation and later dissemination. Others have concerns about the invasion of privacy for Henrietta Lacks descendants. There is even a legal case to looked at.

As the first immortal cells HeLa cell lines are the perfect example of when things can go right, go wrong and compromises reached with every party.

Relevant links:

HeLa cell controversy
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/claims-henrietta-lacks-controversy-far-from-over-180962185/

Wikipedia: cell culturing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_culture

Cell hybridization explanation
https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6754-9_15854

The last 50 years of HeLa cells (review article)
https://www.nature.com/articles/nrc775

Science reproducibility crisis
https://www.nature.com/collections/prbfkwmwvz

Lacks family- NIH compromise
https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/nih-lacks-family-reach-understanding-share-genomic-data-hela-cells

An academic overview of the Henrietta Lacks and HeLa cells
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5072843/

Who owns tissue blocks
https://academic.oup.com/labmed/article/40/2/69/2504763

ORF2 vaccine research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30237961

HeLa cells and breast cancer
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30237061

HeLa cell contamination
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29923277

Bonsai are generally easy to train with a little patience and time but sometimes a tree simply will will not cooperate. Generally speaking persuasion devices do not suit bonsai trees. This means you must use other tools and techniques to finesse your tree into cooperating.

This is a common issue with some species which are notorious for brittle or hard branches. Junipers, Fuchsia and boxus species being good examples. Each can make their own stunning specimens but how do you address the this problem.

Assuming that you are trying to wire and form your tree at the right time. That you have been caring for it properly. That the tree is healthy. All of these things are needed or the tree will be too unhealthy for this rough treatment.

As a beginner this may seem beyond you or too difficult but there are a some very simple tricks. This can be the use of a simple piece of fabric to buffer the wear and tear on your tree. You can go so far as to buy specialized tools for the same effect.

This is not exhaustive and if you are feeling experimental other options are more effective and less destructive. Those that do more damage tend to leave the trees softwood exposed and reduces the risk of something bad getting into the tree.

This video provides some history to the anti vaccine ideology. Corrects some of the misconceptions behind vaccine safety. Finally it presents the most compelling kind of evidence available for vaccine safety.

This week has had some truly unexpected events. Brazil has stunned arts faculties by declaring that they will reduce funding to universities with a focus on the humanities and arts degrees. Russian super spy whale defects to Norway while Indian army hunts through the Himalayas for the yeti. Definitive evidence that obesity is related to adverse brain conditions. And measles shuts down Scientologists cruise ship with 300+ passengers.

You can find details on each story at:

00:11 Brazil to slash university funding by 30%

01:43 Keen smell may indicate longer life

03:14 Strange deep sea creature that exudes aluminium

04:24 007 Beluga whale found in Nordic port; possible Russian turncoat

06:37 Child with parasitic tick in ear

07:34 charming the 3 eyed snake of Australia

08:20 Indian army reports traces of the yeti

10:16 Newest GMO animals are difficult to breed

11:25 Biodegradable bags are less than biodegradable

13:04 Promising results from homosexual HIV treatment trial

14:49 Obesity makes your brain function less well

16:24 European space agency practices asteroid impact disaster drill live on twitter.

17:59 SpaceX and NASA silent crew Dragon explosion video

19:21 NASA to recover $56 million after 20 years of fraudulent supplies of aluminium

20:10 Hubble gets last homage in legacy field

21:35 Astronomers make data from Hubble better

22:13 First possible signs of black hole-neutrino star collision

23:03 Alien life is inevitable and likely imminent

23:42 Scientologist at the Caribbean island of St Lucia put under quarantine because of measles case
- Dr Merlene Fredericks James Makes an excellent case for why this is nonsensical situation to find any one with in the current year

25:14 Claims of new method of preserving/ sterilising milk from Australia

26:29 Researchers outlines how much closer Nazis were to nuclear fission than we thought

On average 1 in 3 to 1 in 4 people will need some sort of blood product in their life yet only 1 in 10 people donate. This is a consequence of illness, time considerations and altruism where it is not a simple aversion to pain.

This video goes through the process of giving a whole blood donation and how it is handled after you leave.

The general steps are:

ID check

Interview

Haeme measurement

Blood donation

Blood typing and pathology testing

Division into plasma, red cell and platelet products

Storage for 1 year, 42 days or 6 days

Shipping to hospitals or care facilities

Relevant links:

List of blood donation agencies
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_blood_donation_agencies

Infectious Disease Testing
https://www.redcrossblood.org/biomedical-services/blood-diagnostic-testing/blood-testing.html

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU GIVE BLOOD
https://www.donateblood.com.au/learn/what-happens

BEFORE AND AFTER YOU DONATE BLOOD
https://www.donateblood.com.au/learn/before-and-after-you-donate

What Happens to Donated Blood
https://www.redcrossblood.org/donate-blood/blood-donation-process/what-happens-to-donated-blood.html

HOW YOUR BLOOD IS USED
https://www.donateblood.com.au/learn#how-your-blood-is-used

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bovine_spongiform_encephalopathy

5 Must-Have Tools to Measure Your Blood Sugar
https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/features/type-2-diabetes-tools#1

Types of Specimen Collection Containers
https://www.parkwaylab.com.sg/service-information/specimen-collection-handling/types-of-specimen-collection-containers/

Processing of donated blood
https://www.who.int/bloodsafety/testing_processing/components/en/

On average 1 in 3 to 1 in 4 people will need some sort of blood product in their life yet only 1 in 10 people donate. This is a consequence of illness, time considerations and altruism where it is not a simple aversion to pain.

This video goes through the process of giving a whole blood donation and how it is handled after you leave.

The general steps are:

ID check

Interview

Haeme measurement

Blood donation

Blood typing and pathology testing

Division into plasma, red cell and platelet products

Storage for 1 year, 42 days or 6 days

Shipping to hospitals or care facilities

Relevant links:

List of blood donation agencies
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_blood_donation_agencies

Infectious Disease Testing
https://www.redcrossblood.org/biomedical-services/blood-diagnostic-testing/blood-testing.html

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU GIVE BLOOD
https://www.donateblood.com.au/learn/what-happens

BEFORE AND AFTER YOU DONATE BLOOD
https://www.donateblood.com.au/learn/before-and-after-you-donate

What Happens to Donated Blood
https://www.redcrossblood.org/donate-blood/blood-donation-process/what-happens-to-donated-blood.html

HOW YOUR BLOOD IS USED
https://www.donateblood.com.au/learn#how-your-blood-is-used

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bovine_spongiform_encephalopathy

5 Must-Have Tools to Measure Your Blood Sugar
https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/features/type-2-diabetes-tools#1

Types of Specimen Collection Containers
https://www.parkwaylab.com.sg/service-information/specimen-collection-handling/types-of-specimen-collection-containers/

Processing of donated blood
https://www.who.int/bloodsafety/testing_processing/components/en/

This week has had some truly unexpected events. Brazil has stunned arts faculties by declaring that they will reduce funding to universities with a focus on the humanities and arts degrees. Russian super spy whale defects to Norway while Indian army hunts through the Himalayas for the yeti. Definitive evidence that obesity is related to adverse brain conditions. And measles shuts down Scientologists cruise ship with 300+ passengers.

You can find details on each story at:

00:11 Brazil to slash university funding by 30%

01:43 Keen smell may indicate longer life

03:14 Strange deep sea creature that exudes aluminium

04:24 007 Beluga whale found in Nordic port; possible Russian turncoat

06:37 Child with parasitic tick in ear

07:34 charming the 3 eyed snake of Australia

08:20 Indian army reports traces of the yeti

10:16 Newest GMO animals are difficult to breed

11:25 Biodegradable bags are less than biodegradable

13:04 Promising results from homosexual HIV treatment trial

14:49 Obesity makes your brain function less well

16:24 European space agency practices asteroid impact disaster drill live on twitter.

17:59 SpaceX and NASA silent crew Dragon explosion video

19:21 NASA to recover $56 million after 20 years of fraudulent supplies of aluminium

20:10 Hubble gets last homage in legacy field

21:35 Astronomers make data from Hubble better

22:13 First possible signs of black hole-neutrino star collision

23:03 Alien life is inevitable and likely imminent

23:42 Scientologist at the Caribbean island of St Lucia put under quarantine because of measles case
- Dr Merlene Fredericks James Makes an excellent case for why this is nonsensical situation to find any one with in the current year

25:14 Claims of new method of preserving/ sterilising milk from Australia

26:29 Researchers outlines how much closer Nazis were to nuclear fission than we thought

TL:DR
This video is satirical and obviously sarcastic take on using food plants and weight gain as a way to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide thereby reducing global warming/ climate change.

Longer version:

Carbon dioxide is an imminent issue with long term impact on the world through global warming/ climate change. It is recognized that we have run out of conventional means to reduce or remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Those methods we know work are simply not being put into effect soon enough or on a large enough scale. How than can we resolve this problem before irreparable heat increases are seen?

The answer is surprisingly delicious and takes no effort.

Eat more and exercise less.

Every living person on the planet contributes CO2 via respiration. This generally contributes a net amount equal to the volume used to produce food which creates an approximate balance.

That assumes that the amount of food eaten is only enough to maintain the same weight. If you increase the the amount eaten than you decrease the amount in the atmosphere. This assumes a simple linear relationship between the relative constant of CO2 from respiration and the amount used to produce food.

If this is correct and there is a liner relationship between the constant of CO2 from respiration and the amount used to produce food. You could increase the amount of food consumed and create a deficit effect on the amount of global CO2 as it is absorbed into plants for food and the CO2 is retained as fat. The amount of food needed to get tot his is not as much as you might think.

As people die we can than bury them to remove the CO2 just like rocks. This would lead to a net reduction in the atmospheric CO2. This being preferable to a sudden and unfortunate decrease to the world wide population.

Obviously this is more complicated than a simple [x] in and [y] out equation. Different people have drastically different respiration, dietary and exercise habits.This would produce ..

The isoelectric point is an important concept in many lab practices and brewing. What is it and why?

The isoelectric point is the very local pH of a molecule or more accurately the average pH of a molecule when you account for the different parts that make it up. This quickly becomes complicated with larger molecules. It is very relevant in bi-layer lipid cell walls, amino acids, DNA and more. Things where the immediate scenario can be simplified but is repeated many times over.

Large protein structures are an example of complicated isoelectric point. Structures where the negative charges are only facing inwards and the positive face outwards.

Protein folding is effected by this, DNA structure is effected, even cell walls and the proteins embedded there in are effected.

The isoelectric point is effected by local conditions such as acidic and basic solutions. Other factors that you may not know effect it include radiation and alcohol.

Relevant links:
https://www.biosyn.com/faq/what-is-isoelectric-point.aspx

https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Proteins/Purification/Isoelectric_Focusing

Isoelectric point calculator
http://www.bioinformatics.org/sms2/protein_iep.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PH#/media/File:216_pH_Scale-01.jpg

Fold It is a game that is different from others. It is also a research tool. A research tool powered by the public.

Unlike other science games this is not dependent on the predefined parameters of a known compound. You do not add sodium to water and get an explosion. You do not see an imaginary indicator change colour with an acid. There is no rag doll physics engine. This is different.

Fold it uses a brute force approach to solving the structure of a protein. If it were a pure research tool this would tie up one or more super computers for years if not decades. This would involve creating simulations of a protein time and time again with slight deviations. Each successive failure would guide the next sequence of iterations. Any problems would require the program be redesigned, recompiled and possibly entirely rebooted. Over time a reliable model for one protein would be produced. It is a long and labour intensive approach.

The way to get around this is exactly what Fold It does. They distribute the job to the public. They have made the process of figuring out what the problem is and how to solve it a game that is ideally suited to humans and our inquisitive mind. This would be pointless if the game was just problem solving as it would only attract those who were already going to be researching proteins which is a very small population. Fortunately it is not so.

This is because the human brain is very good at identifying patterns and reasoning in 3D space. Something a computer program struggles with. It is the organic reasoning mind that makes using humans so much more effective but it is also this human mind that makes people want to work towards the researchers objectives.

By making this a game, and a competitive game at that, the pool of candidates has expanded. This has also increased the investment and reward from succeeding for those playing. By creating both a reward which you see in the form of colour sprays and points you are enticed to play more. By having you play in a ladder you are enticed to play more and do better. The addition of a social element than creates the social status of us versus them and a desire to make your team the top candidate.

This benefits the scientists and is reasonably ethical. It uses the data derived from this competition to create better algorithms. This algorithms become more apt at recognising patterns and deciphering the 3D shape of proteins. This improves the ways in which artificial proteins, undescribed pathogenic markers or even artificial proteins can be analysed.

Relevant links:

The Fold It website
https://fold.it/portal/

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