Josiah_Wales

This time on the World Express: Edvins Snore's The Soviet Story (2008): a documentary focusing on the Soviet Union's crimes against humanity to commemorate the 80th Anniversary of Operation Barbarossa (June 22, 1941).

This is a documentary that is worth watching. The first few minutes start out like the typical public high school version of WWII documentary you could have seen 10 or 15 years ago on TV but then it takes a sharp turn and focuses on the Soviet Union, so bear with it and get through the first few minutes.

It examines the immoral nature of the political philosophy of Communism, and director Edvin Snore, an Estonian, wrote his Ph.D. dissertation at the University of Latvia on the Ukrainian Holdomor Genocide (1932 to 1933), so a fair chunk of time is spent examining that event in some detail.

It has been years since I have seen it, so I don't remember exactly how it portrays World War II. In my opinion, part of the motivation for making the film was to expose the crimes against humanity the government of the Soviet Union committed up to Stalin's death in 1953. Although I cannot really remember, in my opinion, the film also criticizes the Russian Federation at the end as well.

One of the historians the documentary features is the British historian Norman Davies who teaches at Poland's Jagiellonian University which is the oldest Slavic university.

Enjoy The Soviet Story this time on the World Express!

Copyright 2021 Josiah Wales, USA

The Glory of Venice: The Music of Giovanni Gabrieli

Shakespeare was a young man in Warwickshire, England, El Greco had completed his masterwork of nine paintings for the altar of the Cistercian convent monastery of Saint Dominic of Silos the Old in Toledo, Spain, and Venice was the wealthiest and most cosmopolitan city in Europe when this music was written by maestro di cappella Giovanni Gabrieli of St. Mark's Basilica in 1584. St. Mark's Basilica had separated choir lofts which faced each other, and Gabrieli's predecessor and his uncle Andrea Gabrieli's teacher, the Flemish composer Adrian Willaert (1490 –1562) had used this architectural feature to present an antiphonal style of polychoral music accompanied by one or both of the church's organs. Polyphonic vocal music had originated in France and Northern Burgundy in the 15th century, and Willaert successfully popularized this polyphonic style of vocal music in Venice.

Giovanni Gabrieli's uncle Andrea Gabrieli succeeded Willaert as St. Mark's maestro di cappella in 1566 and further developed and elaborated this musical tradition which had become the first international style of music since Gregorian chant in the 9th century. The Venetian School of music would reach it's pinnacle under the next maestro di cappella of St. Mark's, Giovanni Gabrieli, who succeeded his uncle after his death in 1586. Giovanni Gabrieli achieved fame as one of the most renowned composers in Europe, and other composers throughout Europe traveled to St. Mark's Basilica in Venice to study composition and the Venetian style of music under him.

One of the composers that studied under Gabrieli was the German composer Henrich Schutz (1585-1672). Giovanni Gabrieli was so impressed with Schutz and his musical mastery that Gabrieli said to Schutz that Schutz was not his student but his teacher, and, shortly before he died, Gabrieli gifted his ring to Schutz. Giovanni Gabrieli died in 1612, and predeceased El Greco and William Shakespeare by just a few years.

Henrich Schutz and other German composers who had studied in northern Italy brought the Venetian polychoral style of music with them when they returned to Germany. The Venetian style of music would become the basis of German Baroque music which would culminate in the compositions of one of the greatest composers who ever lived-- Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).

Text:

Κύριε, ἐλέησον (Kyrie eléison)
Lord, have mercy

Χριστέ, ἐλέησον (Christe eléison)
Christ, have mercy

Κύριε, ἐλέησον (Kyrie eléison)
Lord, have mercy

The World Express wishes everyone a Blessed and Happy Russian Orthodox Easter!

Christos voskrese! Voistinu voskrese!

Christ is risen! Indeed, He is risen!

Music Credits:

Three Mass Movements: I. Kyrie Eleison I (Motet in 8 parts)

E. Power Biggs, Organist · Richard Levitt · Giovanni Gabrieli · Vittorio Negri · Gregg Smith Singers · The Texas Boys Choir · Edward Tarr Brass Ensemble

Copyright 2021 Josiah Wales USA

Video Cover Photo is of the Soldier of the Lord Window produced by Tiffany Studios c. 1910. The window's image was inspired by a passage from St. Paul the Apostle's Letter to the Ephesians (6:11-12 Revised Standard Version):

11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 12 For we are not contending against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world rulers of this present darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.

Photo is from the author's private collection.

The video is a complete spoiler of the movie and contains all the key moments of the film, so, if you have not seen Stanley Kubrick's film “Barry Lyndon” but want to see it, I advise that you watch the film first before watching this video.

In his 3rd Symphony, the 18 year-old Austrian composer Franz Schubert (1797-1828) created a musical masterpiece with symphonic movements based on various forms of European dance.13 years later, Schubert was dead, the cause of which is rumored to have been syphilis.

Today on the World Express, we listen to the second movement from Schubert's Piano Trio No. 2 in E-flat major for piano, violin, and violoncello, Op. 100 D. 929; this was one of Schubert's last compositions before he died in November of 1828, and was composed about a year before the composer's death.

This music was used in the final scene of Stanley Kubrick's film "Barry Lyndon" (1975) which was based on the English novelist William Makepeace Thackeray's (1811-1863) picaresque novel The Luck of Barry Lyndon. The Luck of Barry Lyndon was first published in serial form in the London literary journal Fraser's Magazine during 1844.

I did not create this tribute video to the film.

"Barry Lyndon" (1975) Soundtrack adaptation of the second movement, the Andante con moto (i.e., Slowly [literally, at a walking pace], but with motion) of Franz Schubert's Piano Trio No. 2 in E-flat major, Op. 100 D. 929, with Ralph Holmes/violin, Moray Welsh/cello, Anthony Goldstone/piano.

Join us again next time on the World Express!

Copyright 2021 Josiah Wales USA

Ulster-Scots artists 'Houl Yer Whisht' with an evocation in word and song about the Battle Of The Boyne which took place in Ireland in 1690.

The Battle Of The Boyne was part of a dynastic war between two kings, William of Orange and James II, over the succession to the English throne: a war which was to change the course of history in Ireland and Europe. The Scots-Irish of the Irish province of Ulster were squarely behind King William III and the 'Glorious Revolution' in Britain & Ireland.

Citation: Image of Donald J. Trump Used--Mohamed Mahmoud Hassan has released the “Donald Trump” image used in my video under Public Domain license.

This time--Joyous Christmas songs from Austria as the World Express celebrates Christmas at Wilten Abbey in Innsbruck.

"Gott hat alles recht gemacht" is a German language Volkslied (i.e., folk song) from the Tyrol region of Europe. The song is associated with the Advent Season and Christmas and originates from a motto of the Tyrol region: “Gott hat alles recht gemacht,” i.e., in English-- “God has made everything right.”

This German language Volkslied appears to be well known in the Alpine regions of Tyrol, Austria and South Tyrol, Italy and also the southeastern tip of Bavaria.

This song has been performed in Innsbruck, and, according to news sources, also in Oberhofen im Inntal about 15-20 miles to the west of Innsbruck; in Stubaital in the Stubai Alps about 10 miles to the southwest of Innsbruck; and in Kastelruth (Castelrotto) in the Italian Alps about 40 miles south of Innsbruck where 80.94% of the town's population of 6,872 (2017) are German speaking. If one travels eastwards, the song has been also performed in the town of Grodig just a few miles south of Salzburg, Austria, and about 15 miles west of Salzburg in Ruhpolding in neighboring Bavaria.

During the 4th century A.D., the Romans built the military camp Veldidena at Oenipons to provide protection for commerce along the Province of Raetia's important Roman road from Verona to Brenner to Augsburg.

Oeni Pons is Latin for Bridge over the Inn. The name marked an important crossing over the Inn river, and these Latin words are the etymological origin of the name of Innsbruck.

Innsbruck was acquired by the Count of Tyrol in 1248. The ancestral castle of these Counts, called Tyrol Castle, located today in Italy's South Tyrol, gave the historic region of Tyrol its name.

Wilten Abbey is located in Innsbruck's urban district of Wilten. The name Wilten derives from Veldidena, the Roman military camp mentioned earlier. Wilten Abbey is located at the foot of the Bergisel Hill and has one of the oldest boy choirs in Europe--the Wilten Boys' Choir which was founded during the mid-13th century.

Today, the Wilten Boys' Choir has around 150 members and performs a wide repertoire of song, including sacred music, traditional Alpine Volkslieder and opera.

The world renowned Wilten Boys' Choir has performed concerts in Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland, Great Britain, Denmark, Romania, Israel and Japan.

The video footage of the performance is from organist Diane Bish's televison series Joy of Music; Ms. Bish's television series featured a number of Christmas Specials filmed in Germany and Austria. The video clip includes a somewhat humorous interview conducted by Ms. Bish with some of the Wilten Abbey Boy Choristers and concludes with the Wilten Abbey Boys' Choir singing Psalm 150 in German.

For more German Christmas music check out my video of Ernst Mosch and the Original Egerländer Musikanten playing a great instrumental version of the Christmas carol “O Du Fröhliche, O Du Selige” in the beautiful setting of a Baroque church!

Lyrics.
Gott hat alles recht gemacht:
1. Gott hat alles recht gemacht
Durch seine Händ',
Er erschaffet Tag und Nacht
Das Firmament.
Chorus:
Hoi-di-idl dri didl-jo,
Ri didl-jo, ri didl-jo,
Hoi-di-idl dri didl-jo,
Ri didl-jo, ro.
2. Die Blumen auf Erden,
Die wachsen mit Freud;
Alles muß werden,
Wenn kommet die Zeit.
Chorus
Der Weinstock bringt Reben,
Die Bäum' tragen Frücht':
Alles muß leben,
Wie Gott es befiehlt.

God made everything right
Through his hands
He creates day and night
The firmament.
Chorus
2. The flowers on earth,
They grow with Joy;
Everything must be
When the time comes.
Chorus
The vine brings branches
The trees 'bear fruit':
EVERYTHING MUST live
As GOD COMMANDS.
Chorus

This Bavarian text of Psalm 150 sounded to me closest to some of the words they are using but the Choir's version sounds much different and may be Medieval German or perhaps an Austrian dialect.

De Bibl auf Bairisch:

D Sälm 150
1Hall ayn Luier; Luier, hall! Preistß önn Herrgot eyn n Heiligtuem obn! Luitß iem aufhin eyn d Föstn, seinn Himml!
2Luitß iem für sein Wunderwerch, seinn groossn Rued!
3Lobtß n, laasstß iem d Herner schalln! Lobtß n, härpftß iem und zitertß iem auf!
4Paucktß und tantztß iem, spiltß Floettn und Leier,
5und luitß mit de Zimbln iem, ienn hellen Klang!
6Allss, was aadmetzt, preis önn Herrn! Ayn Luier hall!

Psalms 150 (R.S.V.)

1Praise the Lord!
Praise God in his sanctuary;
praise him in his mighty firmament!
2Praise him for his mighty deeds;
praise him according to his exceeding greatness!
3Praise him with trumpet sound;
praise him with lute and harp!
4Praise him with timbrel and DANCE;
praise him with strings and pipe!
5Praise him with sounding cymbals;
praise him with loud clashing cymbals!
6Let everything that breathes praise the Lord!
Praise the Lord!

Join us again next time on the World Express!

I wanted to get this out before the Election. However, I didn't have time to write a complete analysis of the poem but I have a brief outline of some of the ideas I want to discuss eventually when I have the time to write it.

I hopefully will post the complete version of my introduction hopefully in the Video's Settings in the next month or so, so please check back then to read my personal interpretation of the meaning of the poem!

Also, check out the two political songs “I'll Be A Tory” / “Up and Waur Them A'Willie” I posted on the occasion of Election 2020 in my Channel!

Sir Henry Newbolt (1862-1938) “Vitaï Lampada" ("The Torch of Life") was written in 1892:

Outline:

Quote attributed to General Dwight Eisenhower: “The true mission of American sports is to prepare young men for war." —Dwight D. Eisenhower, c. 1952.

Why the British public school is called a public school.

The stiff upper lip, instill a form of stoicism on the students, control the emotions to have reason guide actions and thoughts and not be controlled by emotions or passions.

Rudyard Kipling's “If” poem exemplifies the stiff upper lip / British version of stoicisim.

Not to lose one's equilibrium under extreme odds but to pick oneself up and keep going out of a belief in Duty and Honor as well as Courage.

The battle described in the poem is the Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan which took place January 16-18, 1885, during the Mahdist War (1881–99).

Even though the character in the poem is now an officer and no longer a schoolboy, the poet connects his present life's profession and dire circumstances to that of his past by stating “the voice of a schoolboy rallies the ranks,” and that the virtues of Duty and Honor he learned as a public schoolboy, as well as love of Country, presently inform his actions and display of valor on the battlefield.

Muscular Christianity and the English public school.

Theodore Roosevelt. Still traces of Muscular Christianity today in American college football in the Notre Dame and Baylor University football programs as well as individual NFL players.

Chariots of Fire (1981) Eric Liddell the ideal Muscular Christian versus Harold Abrahams, a Jew who runs to prove his own self worth and to boost his own ego.

After the First World War. Newbolt publicly regretted he wrote this poem and was dismissive of it.

“Vitaï Lampada" ("The Torch of Life")

There's a breathless hush in the Close to-night --
Ten to make and the match to win --
A bumping pitch and a blinding light,
An hour to play and the last man in.
And it's not for the sake of a ribboned coat,
Or the selfish hope of a season's fame,
But his Captain's hand on his shoulder smote --
'Play up! play up! and play the game!'

The sand of the desert is sodden red, --
Red with the wreck of a square that broke; --
The Gatling's jammed and the Colonel dead,
And the regiment blind with dust and smoke.
The river of death has brimmed his banks,
And England's far, and Honour a name,
But the voice of a schoolboy rallies the ranks:
'Play up! play up! and play the game!'

This is the word that year by year,
While in her place the School is set,
Every one of her sons must hear,
And none that hears it dare forget.
This they all with a joyful mind
Bear through life like a torch in flame,
And falling fling to the host behind --
'Play up! play up! and play the game!'

Sir Henry Newbolt (1862-1938)

On this episode of the World Express, our train takes us back in time to the 19th century streets of York, Canada, today known as Toronto. The town was called Muddy York by its inhabitants because its unpaved streets to turned into mud during rainstorms.

We hear two songs from the period of the Upper Canada (now known as Ontario) Rebellion in 1837. The rebellion was primarily led by William Lyon McKenzie (1798-1861), a Canadian political reformer and writer, printer, revolutionary and politician.

The first song, “I'll Be a Tory,” satirizes the Tories of Upper Canada. This political party was controlled by a conservative elite known as the Family Compact. The Family Compact controlled the government and used it to profit the industries they owned despite their blatant conflicts of interest.

The Family Compact was allied with the Orange Order of Canada, and used it as a stick to silence dissent in Upper Canada, threatening and committing acts of physical violence against outspoken political enemies seeking to reform the political system.

This version of the “I'll Be A Tory” is sung to a tune based on Miss Lyall's Strathspey. Originally, the song was sung to the music of “I'd Be A Butterfly,” a popular song of the 1800s whose lyrics were written by the English poet Thomas Haynes Bailey (1797-1839).

This rendition of the song is sung with strong emotional energy, and loses the original satirical meaning of the song and changes it from a political satire into a sincere expression of Tory political fervor and conviction.

The Tory Party would eventually ally with the Parti Bleu of Lower Canada (Quebec) after the Act of Union of 1841 which formed the Province of Canada, and both these political parties eventually merged into the Conservative Party in 1867.

“Up and Waur them A'Willie” expresses political and military support for Willie, i.e., the political reformer William Lyon McKenzie. Many of McKenzie's supporters in Upper Canada were settlers from England, Scotland and Ireland.

This song was written a year before the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837 by an anonymous songwriter from Hawkesbury on the Lower Ottawa River in what is today the far eastern corner of Ontario along the border with Quebec. It is very loosely based on a Scottish Jacobite Rebellion (1689-1746) song of the same name from the 18th century.

Thomas Neil, an Edinburgh carpenter, gave a copy of the original Jacobite song to renowned Scottish poet Robert Burns; Burns said that the expression "Up and warn a', Willie" was an allusion to the crantara, the fiery cross, used in the Scottish Highlands to call a clan to arms.

The Upper Canada Rebellion lasted three days from December 4 to December 7, 1837, and ended with the Battle of Montgomery Tavern which was a tavern located in farmland outside the City of York. The Rebellion was easily crushed by the authorities with a few casualties were sustained on both sides.

The Canadian Legislature eventually pardoned William Lyon Mackenzie for his treason and he returned to Toronto in 1849, though not without controversy. He became a property owner, ran for the legislature, was elected and served as an Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1851-1858.

Mackenzie tried to pass reforms and fought against corrupt practices and criticized others who had been in his political circle whom he felt had sold out their reform principles. Mackenzie had strongly opposed the Union of Upper and Lower Canada which occurred in 1841. Mackenzie died after having an apoplectic seizure on August 28, 1861. His grandson, William Lyon Mackenzie King, became Prime Minister during the decade of the 1920s and during a second term from 1935-1948, and is recognized by historians as one of Canada's greatest Prime Ministers.

Lyrics:
“I'll Be A Tory”; “Up and Waur Them A'Willie”

Please see Music of Old Ontario:

https://bit.ly/2HL58aY

Join us again next time on the World Express!

Mohamed Mahmoud Hassan has released the “Donald Trump” image used in my video under Public Domain license.
My use of File: Dieu et mon droit 2.svg is courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

File:Dieu et mon droit 2.svg is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. Use of this file does not mean the licensor endorses me or my use of the file.
I, Josiah Wales, have modified the file from the original. My modified file, to my knowledge, is also licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. Link: https://rb.gy/a4pftr

Copyright 2020 Josiah Wales USA

Our musical journey continues on the World Express, and we head now to the county of Tyne and Wear in England's North.

The second version of Madam Bonaparte is played on the Northumbrian smallpipes which is the traditional instrument of North East England.

The first written account of this instrument dates from c. 1692 to 1695 in the Talbot manuscript, a treatise on music, partially written by Dean Henry Aldrich (1647-1710) but mostly written by Professor James Talbot (1664-1708), both of Oxford University.

The Northumbrian smallpipes originally consisted of a keyless chanter, which is the section of the instrument that is played, and three drones. The standard set of Northumbrian smallpipes known today (though variations exist) were created by the Reid Family of the town of North Shields in the early 19th century.

Robert Reid the Younger (1784-1837) added a seven metal key chanter in 1810. The metal keys allowed for more chromaticism and, as a result, players could play more complex dance tunes from fiddle music, thus expanding their repertoire.

Robert Reid the Younger also added a fourth drone, stops, and tuning beads to the instrument. The fourth drone allows for the drones to sound harmonies for keys other than G major which could be played with the increased chanter range.

The Northumbrian smallpipes, like the Irish uilleann (pronounced ill-en) bagpipes, are a bellows played bagpipe. As with the Irish uilleann bagpipes, the player pumps air into the bag by means of a bellows.

The Northumbrian smallpipes, unlike the famous Great Highland Bagpipes of Scotland, are known for their crisp, sweet, and softer melodious sound and are thus more suitable for and typically played in an indoor venue.

The Dukes of Northumbria have had an official smallpipes piper in their household for 250 years.

Also, the Mayor of Gateshead and the Lord Mayor of Newcastle have appointed official pipers.

Join us again next time on the World Express!

Copyright 2020 Josiah Wales USA

Welcome aboard the World Express, our musical journey through Europe and beyond.

It may be a complicated question requiring the analysis of a knowledgeable historian of European History to answer what the general native Irish opinion of Napoleon Bonaparte was during the late 18th century but there is no doubt many Irish saw Napoleon as a champion for Irish freedom and longed for the Liberal Dictator to end their oppression under the English through invasion.

Between the end of the War of the First Coalition (1792 – 1797) and before the start of the War of the Second Coalition (1798-1802) during the French Revolutionary War (1792-1802), Ulster Scots Presbyterian political intellectuals, who were inspired by the Enlightenment ideas of the American and French revolutions, and Irish Catholics, both of whom faced severe discrimination under the laws of the Anglo-Irish ruling class of Ireland, joined a common cause and rebelled in the Great Uprising of 1798 that summer.

Bliain na bhFrancach--The Year of the French: A small French military force of 1,500 men landed in August 1798 in County Mayo in the far northwest of Ireland to assist the rebels but they were easily defeated by the British Army led by the English General Lord Charles Cornwallis and the Great Uprising of 1798 was violently crushed.

The tune Madame Bonaparte is named after Napoleon's first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais, better know in history as the Empress Josephine. Josephine was born in Trois-Îlets, Martinique to a wealthy French colonial family which owned a sugar plantation. Josephine's mother's maternal grandfather, Anthony Brown, may have been Irish.

The Irish journalist Donal Hickey states that the tune of Madame Bonaparte was composed by the blind piper James Gandsey, known as the “the Killarney Minstrel,” who was the son of a Ross Castle soldier and a native Irishwoman from Killarney.

Gandsey contracted smallpox as an infant and as a result became blind. Back then, as even today, blind persons often have become musicians as a means to support themselves.

Irish-born Victorian journalist Samuel Carter Hall and his wife Anna Maria Hall, in their travelogue of Ireland published in 1841, stated of James Gandsey “that to hear him play is one of the richest and rarest treats of Killarney” and wrote that their evening spent watching him perform on the Irish uilleann (pronounced ill-en) pipes was “among the greatest treats of our lives.” *1

Join us again next time on the World Express!

Copyright 2020 Josiah Wales USA

1. Mr. S.C. Hall and Mrs. S.C. Hall, Ireland: Its Scenery, Character, &c. 3 vols. (London: How and Parsons, 1841), 1:195

Welcome aboard the World Express, our musical journey through Europe and beyond.

Our train, the World Express, which can travel through time, takes us to the cities of Boston and Philadelphia to experience some of the events that occurred prior to the Declaration of Independence in 1776.

After the Boston Tea Party's act of sabotage on December 16, 1773 protesting the British government's repeal of a three pence per pound duty that the East India Company paid to import its tea to Britain, Parliament passed a series of punitive laws critically affecting commerce in the Thirteen Colonies on March 28, 1774.

One of these four laws, which were pejoratively called the Coercive Acts by the Colonists, closed the Port of Boston to all shipping until compensation for the destroyed 342 chests of blended Darjeeling and Ceylon tea worth 9,659 pounds and six shillings plus the duty on it was paid in full.

In response, the leading men of the Thirteen Colonies convened the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia on September 5, 1774 in the city's new Carpenter's Hall. The Continental Congress passed a resolution to create a Continental Association which, after Virginia had sold its tobacco crop, would boycott all imports from England beginning in December 1774 and prohibit all exports of goods from the Thirteen Colonies to Britain starting in the fall of 1775.

In the months that followed the meeting of the First Continental Congress, relations between the Colonies and the British Government deteriorated. The distrust and animosity culminated in the bloodshed that occurred at Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 which gave birth to a new nation.

Fish and Tea is a Colonist song calling for American independence and the defense of American liberty.

“Some say there's No Cure but a Capital CHOP!”

Fish and Tea (1775)--Lyrics: This a truncated version of the song without all the satirical criticisms of various public figures of British society and politics.

WHAT a court, hath old England, of folly and sin,
Spite of Chatham and Camden, Barre, Burke, Wilkes and Glynn ! *1
Not content with the game act, they tax fish and sea,
And America drench with hot water and tea.

Derry down, down, hey derry down.

Lord Sandwich, he swears they are terrible cowards, Who can't be made brave by the blood of the Howards; And to prove there is truth in America's fears,
He conjures Sir Peter's ghost 'fore the peers.

Now, indeed, if these poor people's nerves are so weak,
How cruel it is their destruction to seek !
Dr. Johnson's a proof, in the highest degree,
His soul and his system were changèd by tea.

But if the wise council of England doth think,
They may be enslaved by the power of drink,
They're right to enforce it; but then, do you see ?
The Colonies, too, may refuse and be free.

There's no knowing where this oppression will stop; Some say - there's no cure but a capital chop;
And that I believe's each American's wish,
Since you've drench'd them with tea, and depriv'd 'em of fish.

The birds of the air, and the fish of the sea,
By the gods, for poor Dan Adam's use were made free, Till a man with more power, than old Moses would wish, Said, "Ye wretches, ye shan't touch a fowl or a fish !"

Three Generals' these mandates have borne 'cross the sea,
To deprive 'em of fish and to make 'em drink tea;
In turn, sure, these freemen will boldly agree,
To give 'em a dance upon Liberty Tree.

Then freedom's the word, both at home and abroad, And - out every scabbard that hides a good sword !
Our forefathers gave us this freedom in hand,
And we'll die in defence of the rights of the land.

Derry down, down, hey derry down.

1 William Pitt the Elder, the 1st Earl of Chatham; Lord Camden; Edmund Burke, Half Anglo-Norman / “Old English” and half native Irish Member of Parliament for Bristol and commonly regarded as the founder of Conservatism (after the later French Revolution in 1779); John Wilkes and Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Barre (who coined the name “Sons of Liberty”) and Serjeant-at-Law (an Order of Barristers at the English and Irish bar) John Glynn, were all Members of Parliament.

Join us again next time on the World Express!

Photo of the Minuteman Monument designed by American sculptor Daniel Chester French (1850-1931) is in the public domain in the United States because it was published or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office before January 1, 1925.

Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Copyright 2020 Josiah Wales USA

Welcome aboard the World Express. This time we visit America in the time of the Great Depression during the Dirty Thirties .

This song was written by Ed Sturgil of Appalachia, Virginia who cited the coal miner and old-time banjo player, singer, and songwriter Dock Boggs (1898-1971) as an influence on his music.

The Unemployment Rate in 1931 was 15.9% and GDP Growth was -6.4%.

https://www.thebalance.com/unemployment-rate-by-year-3305506

Some more information about the song:

“Singer, a coal miner, tells of hard times in the Great Depression of the 1930s. Miners go to work hungry, ragged and shoeless; when they go to the office for scrip, they're told they're behind and owe the company as the scale boss cheats them of their pay. The National Recovery Act offers hope, but the Supreme Court rules it unconstitutional. Roosevelt declares a bank holiday; John L. Lewis wins the miners' battle; the singer urges listeners to join the U.M.W. (United Mine Workers' Union), saying the Depression is now gone.”

http://www.fresnostate.edu/folklore/ballads/Rc31DB.html

Join us again next time on the World Express!

Lyrics:

Now come on boys and listen while I tell
Oh, the old depression that we all remember well
Oh, the year it happened, is when it begun
The year that it happened Nineteen hundred and thirty one.

When we go to the mine with half enough to eat
With old rags on our backs and no shoes on our feet
And we go to the office with scrip on our minds
And the scrip writer says, "You're one dollar behind."

When we used to load coal we loaded it for fun
Oh, we loaded by the acre and it wasn't by the ton
Then we'd go to the scale house to look at our weight
And the scale boss says that we dumped it over slate.

(banjo solo)

Oh, depression is gone, I am glad it is gone
Oh, the year that it happened, Nineteen hundred and thirty-one
When the NRA it was made over night
And the big supreme judge he said it wasn't right.

Then Roosevelt stepped in, he was doing his best
When he closed all the banks and he gave them a rest
Then he opened them up and he put them on their feet

Says, "Boys, use your pockets now, your money can't be beat."

(banjo solo)

Oh, depression is gone, I am glad it is gone
Oh, the year that it happened, Nineteen hundred and thirty-one,
And the public said, "John L, it can never be done,"
But somehow he got the miners' battle won.

Now, come on, boys, you can give me your hand
You can join the UMW if you want to be a man
Oh, you may be eating now, have a place to sleep,
It won't be so long you'll be kicked out in the street.

For it's 16 tons and what did I get?
Just one day older, little more in debt
Depression is gone, I am glad it is gone,
The year it began, Nineteen hundred and thirty one.

Video Cover Photo: Unemployed men queued outside a depression soup kitchen opened in Chicago by Al Capone-- National Archives Identifier 541927.This item was produced or created: 2/1931. Courtesy of the National Archives at College Park, College Park, Maryland.

Copyright 2020 Josiah Wales USA

On August 16, 1819 the Manchester Patriotic Union held a political demonstration at St Peter's Field, Manchester, Lancashire, England to demand parliamentary reform and working men and women's suffrage. 60,000 people attended the protest. The local gentry and magistrates had the leaders of the protest arrested by Yeomanry who were assaulted by rocks and bricks from the crowd. The protest was then violently suppressed as a British cavalry troop charged the protesters killing around 18, and wounding 400-700.

This movie, in my opinion, is agitating and paving the way for left wing socialism but there is a lot there and I think you can read the tea leaves differently and interpret the events in different ways. It is worth your time to see it.

Copyright 2020 Josiah Wales USA

Welcome aboard the World Express, our musical journey through Europe and beyond.

Today our train, the World Express, after a short stay in Germany for the Christmas Holiday, arrives back in Ireland and back through time to meet our special guest, Seamus Ennis, the Irish musician, singer, and song collector.

Mr. Ennis worked with the Irish Folklore Commission from 1942 to 1947, collecting folk songs across Ireland, the Aran Islands, and the Scottish Hebrides. He worked for Raidio Eireann and the BBC, and then as a professional musician. Seamus Ennis is one of the greatest uilleann pipers of Ireland and helped revive the instrument during the 20th Century.

“The Kerry Recruit” is loosely based on the broadside ballad “The Frolicksome Irishman” which was first printed in 1802 shortly after the Irish Rebellion of 1798 but the lyrics have been substantially changed to describe the Kerry recruit's experience in the Crimean War (1853-1856).

“The Frolicksome Irishman” is probably older than the first 1802 printed version and most likely dates back to the 18th century. “The Frolicksome Irishman,” and “The Kerry Recruit,” like the songs "Whisky You're The Devil" and “Arthur McBride,” as well as others, are examples of Irish anti-recruitment songs.

The songs warn young Irishmen to resist recruitment with the British Army and to not fight in wars on England's behalf.

“The Kerry Recruit” was also known in the United States through Irish immigration. There is a written historical account that the song was heard in the Black Hills of Tennessee c. 1830-1835. Also, the renowned American Appalachian folk singer Jean Ritchie recounts that her Uncle Jason Ritchie, a lawyer, knew and sang the song in Kentucky sometime probably around the late 1930s.

We have “The Kerry Recruit” as collected and sung by Seamus Ennis. Take it away, Seamus.

“The Kerry Recruit” Lyrics:

About ten years ago I was digging the land
With me brogues on me feet and me spade in me hand
Says I to me self, what a pity to see,
Such a fine strapping lad footing turf round Tralee
CHORUS
With me too rum a na, with me too rum a na,
With me too rum an urum an urum a na.
Well I buttered me brogues, an' shook hands with me spade,
An' away to the fair, like a dashing young blade
When up comes a sergeant an he asks me to 'list,
Dhera, sergeant a ghrá, stick a bob in me fist!
CHORUS
Now the first thing they gave me it was a red coat,
With a wide strap of leather to tie round me throat
Then they gave me a queer thing, I asked what was that,
They told me it was a cockade for me hat
CHORUS
The next thing they gave me, they called it a gun,
With powder an ball an' a place for me thumb.
Well first she spat fire, and then she spewed smoke,
An' she gave me oul shoulders a hell of a stroke
CHORUS
Well the first place they sent me was down by the sea,
On board of a warship bound for the Crimea
Three sticks in the middle all rowled round with sheets,
Faith, she walked on the water without any feet!
CHORUS
When at Balaclava we landed quite sound,
Cold, wet and hungry we lay on the ground
Next morning for action the bugle did call,
And we had a hot breakfast of powder and ball
CHORUS
(Last stanza transcribed by Josiah Wales)

And it 'twas often I thought on my mother at home
And while I was with her I was magahlore(? undecipherable word)
When the bullets had fly lads, I did let them pass
I got down in the ditch, all for fear I'd be shot.

CHORUS

Copyright 2020 Josiah Wales USA

Welcome aboard the World Express, our musical journey through Europe and beyond.

This time the World Express train arrives in Germany for Christmas and visits Ernst Mosch and the Original Egerländer Musikanten in a small Baroque church playing an instrumental version of the Christmas carol “O Du Fröhliche, O Du Selige.”

The melody of this German Christmas carol is taken from the traditional Catholic Marian hymn "O Sanctissima" (Oh Most Holy) which is more familar to English speaking listeners as the music to the contemporary Marian hymn “Mary, Full of Grace”:

Mary, full of grace,
Splendor of our race,
Holy Virgin Maria!
Pray for us to Christ, your Son,
Now and when our life is done!
Ora, ora pro nobis! (Pray, pray for us!)

Mother, Virgin pure,
Hope and refuge sure,
Lead us safely to Jesus!
Spirit filled and lowly,
Mirror of the Holy!
Ora, ora pro nobis! (Pray, pray for us!)

Ernst Mosch, a Sudenten German, was born in the small market town of Svatava, Czecholslovakia in 1925. It was a family tradition in the area where he lived that each family raise at least one musician. Ernst wanted to pursue this artistic tradition and he studied music at a private youth music school, and after working as an aircraft mechanic, he applied to and was accepted at the municipal music school in in Oelsnitz / Vogtland, Saxony in Germany. During WWII, Ernst Moch became a military musician in the Wermacht.

After WWII, Mosch performed with various German bands and orchestras at American GI Military clubs in Landsberg, Hamburg, and Munich. Mosch founded his brass band Die Egerländer Musikanten in 1956, which, as the result of a radio broadcast in Stuttgart, achieved commercial success and a record contract.

Mosch renamed the brass band the Original Egerländer Musikanten in 1958, and it became the first German band ever to perform at Carnegie Hall in New York City in 1966. Mosch was awarded the Hermann Löns Gold Medal in Munich, the highest German award for folk musicians.

Ernst Mosch passed away in 1999. His records sold more than 40 million copies worldwide and include six gold and platinum selling records.

Merry Christmas!

Und Fröhliche Weihnachten!

Our musical journey through Europe and beyond continues. We have acquired a magical train, the World Express, which can travel over oceans and channels and through time itself (our magical train can do just about anything and in seconds)! We are preparing for a short stay in Germany for the upcoming Christmas holiday.

Before we leave Old Ireland, we party with the famous Irish folk band The Chieftains to hear Kevin Conneff and the other band members perform a delightful ditty called "The Wren In The Furze."

The British folk rock band Steeleye Span in their notes to their 1996 CD “Time” relates the significance of the harmless, innocuous, little wren to British and Celtic folkways:

"The wren is known as the King of the Birds, because there is a fable in which a competition takes place to decide which bird is supreme. It is decided that he that flies highest is the monarch. The wren craftily hitches a ride on the back of the eagle and wins.

Also the wren was sacred to the Druids and the custom of catching and killing wrens at Christmas time would not be incompatible with this history of reverence. It would be protected all year and then ritually slain as a sacrifice at the appropriate time. As with all possible remnants of ancient religions, their meaning becomes obscured and their enactment trivialized, and so this song until recently was attached to the Christmas tradition of wassailing and the demanding of monies."

Saint Stephen's Day, also mentioned in the song, is celebrated on December 26 in the Catholic Church. Stephen was stoned to death for blasphemy by Jewish authorities c. 34 AD. Saint Stephen is the Protomartyr (i.e., the first Christian martyr). Saint Stephen's Day is a public holiday in the Irish Republic and it is also known as the Wren Day. Irish folklore says that the wren betrayed Stephen to the Jewish authorities by making noises, thus attracting their attention to where Stephen was hiding.

The tradition arose on Saint Stephen's Day in Ireland of boys dressing in elaborate straw costumes and hats, hunting the wren, and then carrying the perished wrens house to house, singing, dancing, and playing music, and collecting money for the wrens' funerals. This was all done in a spirit of great fun. Today, fake wrens are used and the money goes to charity.

The Chieftains perform the traditional song that the Wren Boys sing as they go from house to house on Saint Stephen's Day:

The wren, oh the wren; he's the king of all birds,
On St. Stephen's Day he got caught in the furze,
So it's up with the kettle and it's down with the pan,
Won't you give us a penny for to bury the wren?

Well it's Christmas time; that's why we're here,
Please be good enough to give us an ear,
For we'll sing and we'll dance if youse give us a chance,
And we won't be comin' back for another whole year!

We'll play Kerry polkas; they're real hot stuff,
We'll play the Mason's Apron and the Pinch of Snuff,
Jon Maroney's jig and the Donegal reel,
Music made to put a spring in your heel!

If there's a drink in the house, would it make itself known,
Before I sing a song called "The Banks of the Lowne",
A drink with lubri-mication in it,
For me poor dry throat and I'll sing like a linnet!

Oh please give us something for the little bird's wake,
A big lump of pudding or some Christmas cake,
A fist full o' goose and a hot cup o' tay (Tea),
And then we'll all be goin' on our way!

The wren, oh the wren; he's the king of all birds,
On St. Stephen's Day he got caught in the furze,
So it's up with the kettle and it's down with the pan,
Won't you give us a penny for to bury the wren?

Copyright 2019 Josiah Wales USA

According to Sam Henry's “Songs of the People” (1928) and other information I found, this song is based on the actual unrequited love of a Draper for his employer's daughter, Martha Ramsay, “The Flower of Sweet Strabane.” This song dates from c. 1846 and was first published in a Derry newspaper by Dan MacAnaw in 1909.

Johnny Moynihan states in the liner notes for the Irish folk music group De Dannan's album “Selected Jigs Reels and Songs” that the song is popular throughout Ireland but is especially popular along the border of County Donegal and County Tyrone, where the town of Strabane is located. Johnny Moynihan, who sings this version, states that he intentionally leaves out the fourth stanza, in which the Draper decides to leave his unrequited love in Ireland to get a fresh start in life in America, in order to emphasize the hopes of the lovestruck man and relish the moment in song.

"The Flower of Sweet Strabane" sung by Johnny Moynihan of the Irish folk music group De Dannan. Music of Ulster.

Lyrics:

If I were King of Ireland
And all things at my will
I'd roam through all creations
New comforts to find still
And the comfort I would seek the most
As you might understand
Is to win the heart of Martha
The flower of sweet Strabane

Her cheeks they are a rosy red
Her hair a lovely brown
And o'er her milk white shoulders
It carelessly hangs down
She's one of the fairest creatures
In the whole of Ireland
And my heart is captivated by
The flower of sweet Strabane

If I had you lovely Martha
Away in Innisowen
Or in some lonesome valley
In the wild woods of Tyrone
I would use my whole endeavour
To try to work my plan
For to gain the prize and feast my eyes
On the flower of sweet Strabane

But I'll go o'er the Lagan
Down by the steam ships tall
I'm sailing for Amerikay
Whatever may be fall
My boat is bound for Liverpool
Right by the Isle of Man
So I'll say farewell, God bless you
My flower of sweet Strabane

This song was originally an English folk song called “Hares On The Mountain.” Niamh (pronounced Neeve) Parsons states she learned the song at the Góilín Traditional Singers' Club in Dublin, Ireland. The song perhaps references European myths in which a woman or nymph, fleeing the unwanted sexual pursuit of a man, faun, satyr, or god, metamorphosizes into an animal or tree and thus escapes her rape but ends her human or anthropomorphic life. The song was first written down and collected by the English Folklorist Cecil Sharp in 1904 in Somerset, England.

Lyrics:

If all the young ladies were blackbirds and thrushes
If all the young ladies were blackbirds and thrushes
Then all the young men would go beating the bushes
Right-fol-del-dal diddle-da-diddle-dal-dey

If all the young ladies were ducks on the water
If all the young ladies were ducks on the water
Then all the young men would go swimming in laughter
Right-fol-del-dal diddle-da-diddle-dal-dey

If all the young ladies were rushes a-growing
If all the young ladies were rushes a-growing
Then all the young men would get scythes and go mowing
Right-fol-del-dal diddle-da-diddle-dal-dey

If the ladies were all trout and salmon so lovely
If the ladies were all trout and salmon so lively
Then divil the men would go fishing on Friday
Right-fol-del-dal diddle-da-diddle-dal-dey

If all the young ladies were hares on the mountain
If all the young ladies were hares on the mountain
The men with their hounds would be out without countin'
Right-fol-del-dal diddle-da-diddle-dal-dey

Irish Set Dance "The Hunt" played by the musicians association Na Connerys.

American Folk Song by the Michigan folk duo Mustard's Retreat. This Country Dance Harvest song may be from the 19th century but it also may have been written by the Mustard's Retreat. I tend to think it's an older song from probably the mid to late 19th century. I wish I had more information about it but I could find out nothing about the song on the internet.

Contemporary American Political Protest song based on a 20th century Northern Irish Protestant Political Protest Song. My Channel does not support or endorse any violence against any person.

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