There are many factors in how police interrogations work. Police interrogation methods rely on patience and rapport. How police interrogate a suspect can change the dynamic of the entire interview. Because police interrogations are so stressful, looking at how suspects answer mundane questions can lead you to abnormalities when asked more serious questions.

There are multiple methods in how police questions suspects, but a successful police interrogation relies on the level of comfort a subject feels with their interrogator. Police interviews are also very lengthy, lasting more than an hour if done properly. The manner in how police get confessions also rely on pairing each story given by the suspect. Confessions come when too much conflicting information is presented to the suspect. Police interview techniques relying too much on body language can be unreliable and is glorified quite a bit in the media.

The best method in how police trick you into confessing is by using effective lies to force someone to think they've been had. Cop interrogations are no fun, and that's why creating a more natural environment for the suspect builds a better interview process.

This video is an explanation on how propaganda works. I was a former Psychological Operations Specialist who deployed to Afghanistan in 2011. While this would be often called psychological warfare, propaganda can be used by anybody. There are also many reasons how propaganda spreads.

How propaganda is used today involves much more emphasis on marketing techniques instead of vague, "cartoonish" generalities. Propaganda used today is much more complex. You could say I was a former propaganda specialist, but much of what I did was innocent in nature. How people make propaganda is easy and just as easy to spread. How misinformation spreads in general, on the other hand, is a different topic covered in another episode.

The basic method in how to counter propaganda is to analyze the information yourself and decide if any logical fallacies are being used in the message. Propaganda today uses logical fallacies to reinforce their messages.

Refining Reason Episode 21-Propaganda explained in detail

How reliable is the Old Testament? Is the Old Testament flawed? By analyzing stories like the Enuma Elish, the Sumerian influence on the bible becomes apparent. There are several forged stories in the Old Testament, including the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Epic of Atrahasis. In both of these Sumerian myths, a great flood is predicted by a god, who instructs a man to build a boat, and is saved in a very similar manner.

What's wrong with the Old Testament? Well, the pagan influence of the Old Testament even appears in the literary style of the Torah, where Yahweh exclaims things like "in our image". The fact that multiple Sumerian tales in the bible exist suggests that the Torah's authenticity is questionable.

So why are these copied stories in the Old Testament? Given the close proximity of Jews and Sumerians, it seems likely they simply crossed cultures. Some of the Old Testament flaws could be simply from copying the story wrong.

In any case, this makes the old testament debunked and unreliable as a record for truth. The Old Testament errors and contradictions are not even mentioned in this video.

Refining Reasons Episode 21 - Old Testament plagiarized

What is life in the military like? Today, I explain some common military misconceptions, as well as common army myths. There are several myths about military life, but probably the most misunderstood idea is that military personnel don't carry weapons around for the most part.

So what is life in the military really like? What people don't know about the military is that there are many great and bad things that come with it. One of the common military myths that people believe is that you don't make any money, however, the military offers many types of support, including free housing and food. The military lifestyle can be difficult, but rewarding in many ways. Its not just the army, these common myths apply to any military branch.

What people don't know about the military is that there are plenty of employment opportunities that didn't used to exist. Other common myths about the military are regarding the rumors that are spread while in basic training, which are almost all false.

Matt Ward debunks some army myths in his video:

Refining Reason Episode 20 - Common military misconceptions explained

What is wrong with socialism? To understand the issues with socialism, understanding Marxist theory is key. The main reason why Marxism always fails, is that it requires an impossible measure of intervention of the natural method of the market. By understanding socialist theory, it becomes clear the reasons why socialism doesn't work.

What are the problems with socialism? Well the main reason why capitalism works better than socialism is that it artificially adjust the free market and is prone to corruption and violence. When someone asks, "Will socialism ever work in America?", I would reply we're already closer to socialism than capitalism now, and our bloated government expenditures are a signal of that transformation. There are honestly too many reasons why socialism fails. Yet, despite the various failed predictions made by Karl Marx, socialism remains popular among certain academics and younger groups. This occurs even when having Marxist theory explained to them.

Refining Reason Episode 19 - Socialism vs capitalism explained

This week, a Supreme Court freedom of speech decision prompts a store owner to display a No Gays Allowed sign in Tennessee. The racist Tennessee owner is a product of an event where a shop owner refuses service to gay couple.

It could be that the decision was not in fact inspired by the Supreme Court's decision, however, the justification for said decision is flawed, as it is cited to be a defense to the first amendment's free speech doctrine.

Refining Reason Episode 18 - Baker vs gay couple supreme court decision and Tennessee owner anti-gay sign

There's a reason why people believe conspiracy theories. Disproving conspiracy theories is difficult, because they can often be very vague. Its only by properly improving skepticism that conspiracy theories can be better evaluated. Just like hoaxes, its easy to see how conspiracy theories grow. Without developing skepticism, resisting conspiracy theories can be difficult and easy to spread. A government conspiracy theory is common, as very few people trust it given its long nature of secrecy.

Rejecting conspiracy theories involves evaluating the claims with its corresponding evidence. If a theory is complex, it is reasonable to require a well-developed case for its merits. When asking whether a claim is skepticism vs conspiracy theory, one should ask if they are accepting the answer that suits them best or one that is convenient. Michael Shermer explains that conspiracy theories are often involves hyper skepticism, where one must weigh the size and complexity of a theory before considering the evidence given. I hope this video better explains how to evaluate conspiracy theories, as it can be easy to fall into this camp and remain skeptical.

Refining Reason Episode 17- Skepticism vs Conspiracy Theories

What is the future of police technology? The emerging police technology of today is fascinating. The technological advances police will have include drones, augmented vision, and several more.

How will police battle crime? The future of crime and police are interwoven. As police technology improves, so will criminal technology. The future of police work will involve several changes that adapt to these growing problems. Futuristic police drones could patrol the skies, and portable fingerprint and DNA software could be in the hands of every police officer. In any case, futuristic police technology is fascinating, and it will be interesting to see what happens next.

Refining Reason Episode 16 - What is the future of law enforcement?


Created 1 month, 2 weeks ago.

8 videos


This show deals with skepticism, misinformation, and other related topics. Each episode, I explain a specific topic which can be debated in the comments. My goal is to give people an outlet to learn how to be skeptical of illogical arguments and have others teach me the same. If you have a subject you would like to be covered, let me know!

Being a skeptic doesn't mean you are flawless. Skepticism is a learned skill and we all make mistakes, regardless of how intelligent we are. With the growth of social media and a limited population of people educated in philosophy, it has been increasingly important to eliminate misinformation from truth. My aim is to help myself and others grow in developing their logic and learning more about the beliefs they subscribe to.

I am a former Psychological Operations Specialist deployed to Afghanistan in 2011, and a former police officer with 3 years of experience, including fingerprint collection, interrogation training, and other training.