The-Urban-Aboriginal

In September 2019 I took a class titled, Viking-Age Smelting: A Contemporary Approach to Iron-Age Technology at the North House Folk School in Grand Marais, MN...with instructor, and metallurgical artist, Wayne Potratz ( IronWain.com).

Using a brick and clay version of a "Tatara" furnace (鑪), this is the progression: From making a compacted charcoal bed...to feeding raw iron-ore every 10mins over 7 hrs...periodically releasing slag flow...to uncovering a "bloom" of raw white-hot metal...to checking how bits of raw cooled molten metal sparks...to weighing a tiny fraction of what we yielded (12oz) which could be forged into a blade or other tool.

VOCABULARY:
tama - 玉
hagane - 鋼
Tamahagane (玉鋼) - "gem-steel"
iron sand (satetsu)
akome satetsu (赤目砂鉄) - iron sand (low quality)
masa satetsu (真砂砂鉄) - iron sand (higher quality)
ノロ - noro - slag

LINKS:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tatara_(furnace)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wootz_steel

www.japanesesword.com/tatara
http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/~yamasue/tatara/project_en.html
https://www.hitachi-metals.co.jp/e/tatara/index.htm
www.inaba.nims.go.jp/movie/tatara/English.html
www.doorcountyforgeworks.com/Wootz.html
www.IronWain.com

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If you ..

In September 2019 I took a class titled, Viking-Age Smelting: A Contemporary Approach to Iron-Age Technology at the North House Folk School in Grand Marais, MN...with instructor, and metallurgical artist, Wayne Potratz ( IronWain.com). Using a brick and clay version of a "Tatara" furnace (鑪), this is the progression: From making a compacted charcoal bed...to feeding raw iron-ore every 10mins over 7 hrs...periodically releasing slag flow...to uncovering a "bloom" of raw white-hot metal...to checking how bits of raw cooled molten metal sparks...to weighing a tiny fraction of what we yielded (12oz) which could be forged into a blade or other tool.

In this video we finish adding clay to the rest of the structure, being sure that the twier is fixed at the proper angle to provide oxygen to the charcoal and ore that will be added one the furnace has dried a little. Next, a door is fixed onto the front of the furnace. We needed to use a rope to provide support so the clay would not collapse off the brick structure. Burning wood is added in the center to help dry the inside of the furnace.

VOCABULARY:
tama - 玉
hagane - 鋼
Tamahagane (玉鋼) - "gem-steel"
iron sand (satetsu)
akome satetsu (赤目砂鉄) - iron sand (low quality)
masa satetsu (真砂砂鉄) - iron sand (higher quality)
ノロ - noro - slag

LINKS:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tatara_(furnace)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wootz_steel

www.japanesesword.com/tatara
http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/~yamasue/tatara/project_en.html
https://www.hitachi-metals.co.jp/e/tatara/index.htm
www.inaba.nims.go.jp/movie/tatara/English.html
www.doorcountyforgeworks.com/Wootz.html
www.IronWain.com

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In September 2019 I took a class titled, Viking-Age Smelting: A Contemporary Approach to Iron-Age Technology at the North House Folk School in Grand Marais, MN...with instructor, and metallurgical artist, Wayne Potratz ( IronWain.com). Using a brick and clay version of a "Tatara" furnace (鑪), this is the progression: From making a compacted charcoal bed...to feeding raw iron-ore every 10mins over 7 hrs...periodically releasing slag flow...to uncovering a "bloom" of raw white-hot metal...to checking how bits of raw cooled molten metal sparks...to weighing a tiny fraction of what we yielded (12oz) which could be forged into a blade or other tool.

In this video finishing touches are put onto the furnace's clay veneer. A hole and plug are created in the door. This hole is to provide a way for the slag, or the unwanted by-product of the burning ore to escape.

In this video on the next day, a charcoal bed is tamped down to prepare the furnace to start burning ore. Cracks in the clay are fixed with additional clay and clay-slurry. Then charcoal is added and a blower is affixed to heat up the furnace to prepare it to receive more charcoal and ore. Next the tube is added and additional clay is used to seal in the flames and heat around the bottom of the stack.

VOCABULARY:
tama - 玉
hagane - 鋼
Tamahagane (玉鋼) - "gem-steel"
iron sand (satetsu)
akome satetsu (赤目砂鉄) - iron sand (low quality)
masa satetsu (真砂砂鉄) - iron sand (higher quality)
ノロ - noro - slag

LINKS:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tatara_(furnace)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wootz_steel

www.japanesesword.com/tatara
http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/~yamasue/tatara/project_en.html
https://www.hitachi-metals.co.jp/e/tatara/index.htm
www.inaba.nims.go.jp/movie/tatara/English.html
www.doorcountyforgeworks.com/Wootz.html
www.IronWain.com

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In this video I am showing how I cut a goove ringing around my walking stick shaft. This allows the lanyard a place to sit and not slide down the stick. Additionally, this is #1 in a few "Top Notches" that I think are important to know for bush-crafting.

#survival #hiking #camping #bushcraft

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In this video I show how I attach both a lanyard and noise-makers to the shaft of my walking stick. Noise makers are important to campers, hikers, and foragers so that they can let their presence be known so they do not startle anyone - four or two-legged.

#survival #hiking #camping

In this video I show a refined method of attaching cordage to your walking stick using a half-hitch wrapping method to funtion as
a grip and handhold.

#survival #hiking #camping

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In this video I show my method of attaching cordage to your walking stick using a double half-hitch wrapping method to funtion as
a grip and handhold.

#survival #hiking #camping

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In this video and up coming series I will cover some of the infinate uses of a walking stick/staff.

Apologies for the audio - the lack off.

#survival #hiking #camping

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06/15/2019

Attended a tuna-cutting event just outside of Chicago, Illinois hosted by Umacamon Japanese Kitchen (http://umacpartner.com) and Mitsuwa Marketplace - Chicago (https://Mitsuwa.com/ch/). Just wanting to share how a 300lb fish is processed.

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An easy quick & dirty way of making a container out of birch bark that can hold water. Traditionally this style of container was quickly made during "sugaring" season. It was used to catch maple, birch sap to make into syrup or sugar.

Below is the link where I got this technique from from an Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) elder.

Ojibwe Word of the Day
Biskitenaaganike. ᐱᔅᑭᑌᓈᑲᓂᑫ᙮
'S/he makes a birchbark sap bucket.': https://youtu.be/IaFYYG2uC10

Miigwech! Thanks to Mr. James Vukelich a U of M Linguist Youtube Channel Teacher of Ojibwe Language: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCFk1tCJQEH_BP4Kw6ckr4YQ

22 TREES THAT CAN BE TAPPED FOR SAP AND SYRUP:
https://wildfoodism.com/2014/02/04/22-trees-that-can-be-tapped-for-sap-and-syrup/

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In this video I show how to quickly and easily turn a simple twig in to a useful rustic tool.

There will be times you will need to temporarily pin or clip something together or need a make-shift clothes pin.

Strangle or Constrictor Knot: https://youtu.be/2mFsIvvjgkY

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In this series of videos I will walk through making awls out of poultry bones in preparation for making a birch-bark basket making series. Here I am showing how to use back strap sinew to attach a lanyard out of spun dogbane (Apocynum c.) fibers to keep the awl handy while doing work.

Bones of animals are very useful in making various tools and crafts. You can make arrowheads, knife blades, beads, buttons, trap parts
sewing tools, and so on. Making use of the whole animal is a virtue!

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In this series of videos I will walk through making awls out of poultry bones in preparation for making a birch-bark basket making series. Here I am showing how to break, and abrade a bone shard using stone, or sand paper.

Bones of animals are very useful in making various tools and crafts. You can make arrowheads, knife blades, beads, buttons, trap parts
sewing tools, and so on. Making use of the whole animal is a virtue!

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Check out some greate gift ideas at Etsy - https://www.etsy.com/shop/theurbanaboriginal

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If you found this video or my channel inspiring or useful please click the donate link here https://www.paypal.me/studioryu/1 Thank you for your support!

In this series of videos I will walk through making awls out of poultry bones in preparation for making a birch-bark basket making series.

Bones of animals are very useful in making various tools and crafts. You can make arrowheads, knife blades, beads, buttons, trap parts
sewing tools, and so on. Making use of the whole animal is a virtue!

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

For more info please visit http://www.TheUrbanAbo.com

Please consider being a patron at https://www.patreon.com/TheUrbanAbo

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Check out some greate gift ideas at Etsy - https://www.etsy.com/shop/theurbanaboriginal

and Check out some of my recipes at AllRecipes.com - http://allrecipes.com/cook/TheUrbanAbo/favorites/

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WARNING ICK-FACTOR AHEAD: If you are squeamish, or not into processing dead animals...IT IS OKAY TO NOT WATCH THIS VIDEO! Using the whole animal is a very important part of honoring the animal that has given up its life for our consumption, or by incidents that are the by-product of a "civilized" society - it is a conscientious way of showing respect.

Here, I am showing how to extract a road-killed "slider" or painted turtle from its shell for later use.

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"KooKoo for Coconuts!"...or how to open them without going NuTz! In this video I will demo how to open coconuts to get at the sweet and nutritious water inside.

I had a camera snafu, so I only show opening one hole. You need to poke out the "eyes" on the face of a coconut in order to drain the liquid. A sharp strong pencil-width stick or a screw-driver will do the trick.

In order to crack it open to get at the meat inside, you have to strike sharply at 90-degrees to the middle seam of the nut that runs between the "eyes" of the face of the coconut.
That is if you want to break the shell in nicely in half...otherwise a large rock and gravity should do the trick.

To use the shells, smooth out the edges with some sort of abrading tool or surface. A rock could be used to score into the shell...but coconut shells are REALLY hard and tough, so abrading against really rough concrete, sandstone, or volcanic rock is recommend. If none of those are available I am sure a vice and hack-saw should do the trick - or a good ol' Dremel Tool (shown here) works just fine.

To finish off the shells a lot of sanding inside and out will do wonders, and if you intend on using the shells for food items conditioning them with some sort of oil, like tallow, or Butcher Block Conditioner will bring out its color and nice texture.

Howard BBC012 Butcher Block Conditioner:
https://amzn.to/2Hc3cYp

Hand Held Thai Traditional Fresh Coconut Shredder:
https://amzn.to/2stzUu9
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In this video I show a neat way of making a rustic, yet elegant plant hanger using store-bought jutte twine. However, any natural fibers from dogbane, yucca, basswood, milkweed, etc...would work.

Here is how to braid a 4-Strand Plait: https://youtu.be/kl5CRVEV3qg

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A good braiding technique for making leashes, waist ties, or pull-cords. Also good for strengthening smaller cordage when no thicker cord or rope is available.

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Furoshiki (風呂敷) are a type of traditional Japanese wrapping cloth traditionally used to transport clothes, gifts, or other goods.
In this video I am showing 8 of my favorite ways to use furoshiki to carry items if all you have is one or two handkerchiefs or pieces of cloth.

"Although possibly dating back as far as the middle of the Nara period, the name, meaning "bath spread", derives from the Edo period practice of using them to bundle clothes while at the sentō (public baths; public furo) to prevent a mix-up of the bathers' clothes. Before becoming associated with public baths, furoshiki were known as hirazutsumi (平包), or flat folded bundle. Eventually, the furoshiki’s usage extended to serve as a means for merchants to transport their wares or to protect and decorate a gift. This art of wrapping was founded by Minoro Takohama somewhere around 1935 or 1936 depending if it is a leap year on that year." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Furoshiki

The size of the cloth I am using is 3' X 3' square. It is a cotton blend...any kind of cloth should work fine. The ones highlighted in this video are the following:
1). Square Tuck Handle Bag
2) Square Bag
3). Single Bottle Sling
4). Triangle Sling
5). Inverted Triangle Bag
6). Double Bottle Sling
7). Triangle Backpack
8). Square Basket Wrap

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and for EXCLU..

Although we are warm-blooded mammals, we still need to regulate our core temperature, that is why something to cover up or finding/making shelter is of paramount importance.

Here I talk about different items that can be used to cover up with. I also show a basic way to use a blanket to make a make-shift hoodie, inspired by youtuber Ms. Antonia Young https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5E2rjakS60

Clothing is our first line of defense against the elements. That is why COVER is first in the Five C's of Survival

Made famous by Dave Canterbury of Dual Survival TV show fame, the basic Five C's of Survival are:
1). Cover (shelter)
2). Combustion (fire)
3). Carry (water - ability to hold/transport)
4). Cutting
5). Cordage
...and additionally...
6). Calories (food)
7). Cure (first-aid/medications)
8). Communication (radios, mirrors, rescue & hobo signs, morse code...)

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The ability to make fire in an emergency is paramount to "Sur-thrival" (survival + thriving). Fire is not only a heat source, necessary to keep our body's core temperature, but is a very versatile tool to make other other items necessary for thriving in a survival situation.

While modern fire-making tools and methods are easy and convenient, they can be lost, or malfunction leaving you will no easy way to make fire for survival. Therefore being able to make fire by friction should be included in your skill-sets, at least two methods like, The Bow Drill, The Hand Drill, Fire-Plough, Fire-Piston, or the Pump-Drill can make all the difference when the chips are down. But these primitive fire-making skills are not easy to come by and must be practiced regularly to gain the confidence and experience necessary to make these ancient technologies work for you consistently.

Made famous by Dave Canterbury of Dual Survival TV show fame, the basic Five C's of Survival are:
1). Cover (shelter)
2). Combustion (fire)
3). Carry (water - ability to hold/transport)
4). Cutting
5). Cordage
...and additionally...
6). Calories (food)
7). Cure (first-aid/medications)
8). Communication (radios, mirrors, rescue & hobo signs, morse code...)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

For more info please visit http://www.TheUrbanAbo.com

Please consider being a patron at https://www.patreon.com/TheUrbanAbo

Follow me on Twitter @TheUrbanAbo - https://twitter.com/TheUrbanAbo

Follow me on Pintrest - https://www.pinterest.com/TheUrbanAbo/

Follow me on Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/theurbanaboriginal/

Join us on Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/groups/TheUrbanAbo

Check out some greate gift ideas at Etsy - https://www.etsy.com/shop/theurbanaboriginal

and Check out some of my recipes at AllRecipes.com - http://allrecipes.com/cook/TheUrbanAbo/favorites/

and for EXCLUSIVE CONTENT ONLY be sure to visit The Black Avenger - https://..

In this video I am conditioning a wooden bowl and spoon I coal-burned as a student at the Tom Brown Jr Tracker School using food-grade Butcher Block Conditioner.

Butcher Block Conditioner contains food-grade mineral oil, and waxes including beeswax to seal and prevent the wood from cracking by blocking out moisture. This is a good product for bush-crafted wooden or bamboo items that you intend to eat with.

I am certain a primitive version could be derived from tallow (rendered beef suet), and beeswax...I will have to give that a try.

Howard Butcher Block Conditioner: https://amzn.to/2CAuMtM

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Please consider being a patron at https://www.patreon.com/TheUrbanAbo

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and for EXCLUSIVE CONTENT ONLY be sure to visit The Black Avenger - https://www.blackavenger.tv/channel-video/the-urban-aboriginal

BECOME AN HERBALIST with Herbal Academy Online Courses: http://bit.ly/2EFHQPW

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A tincture is a way to extract the vital constituents for healing from plant matter using an alcohol-based menstrum like 40-proof vodka, or brandy. Here I am decanting some stinging nettle (Urtica d.) tincture I started to "steep" last month, and then I show how to make a new tincture made from a combination of mullien (Verbascum t.) and wild bergamot (Mondara f.) - for respiratory issues, colds, and the flu.

Tinctures are generally taken orally with a few drops under the tongue. For underage persons and those who do not ingest alcohol tinctures can be water-down instead of taking straight. Or using non-alcoholic menstrum like water, or honey/sugar (syrups). Alcohol-based remedies can be kept for a long time without refrigeration however.

DID YOU KNOW?...Vanilla extract used in baking is a tincture.

To make a tincture you basically stuff a jar or container that has a lid with an herbal plant matter either fresh or dried. Then fill with enough vodka, or brandy to cover the material in the jar. Let this sit for at least 2-weeks; 1 month or from "moon-to-moon" is best.

SIDE NOTE: Mullien and varying combinations of plants from the mint family such as bergamot can also be smoked for homeopathic treatment for reporitory issues - a bit counter-intuitive, but mullien is actually very pleasant smoked, and it will not get you high.

CAUTION: I am not a license or certified herbalist or healthcare professional. Please do your own research and consult with a licensed or certified herbalist or healthcare professional before using any home-made herbal remedies.

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Please consider being a patron at https://www.patreon.com/TheUrbanAbo

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Created 1 year, 8 months ago.

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