Western Narration

So concludes Eugen Weber's work "Varieties of Fascism". The first part of this video contains an annotated bibliography by Eugen Weber of some important works that cover the range of topics in the Book, although this is far from the exhaustive. The second part ends with closing remarks from the Narrator.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is inconsistent with the holder's proprietary rights without express written permission, no implied permission is to be taken as ever being issued.

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/Ha7xv0nU9xU?t=160

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 8B is from Marcel Deat and the occupation collaborationist movement the National Popular Rally (Rassemblement National Populaire). Sometimes called "Neo Socialism" it is hard to tell from these statements whether the movement is fascist or national socialist as the binding of ideological commitments is mentioned but doesn't appear to be sincere or not. Otherwise unremarkable, the story of Marcel Deat is more interesting. The one time radical atheistic socialist would later die in 1955 hiding in north Italy allegedly reconnected with his Roman Catholic faith.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the cop..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/Z_iNCNMrv2Q?t=2173

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 8A is an excerpt derived from one of the more prominent fascist movement leaders in pre-second world war France, Georges Valois. Originally a syndicalist (like those who would help form the Falange in Spain) Georges Valois was instrumental to the founding of the group "Le Faisceau". This group would ultimately fade into oblivion before the war where conservative forces of the Action Francaise and in France proper were strong and confidant to repudiate such groups. In this excerpt, Valois mimics the corporatism and autocracy which, at that time, was primary to Italian inspired Fascist movements throughout Europe.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying ..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/O8BUacXJgSY?t=624

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 7B is an excerpt of uncertain capture, it is genuinely from the mouth of eccentric Rexist leader Leon Degrelle, the question is whether this is from a speech or a piece of written propaganda. In any event, this reading is unique in two particular ways. The first is Degrelle's very Belgian rejection/disavow of the want for violence. Secondly, is Degrelle's reiteration, particularly among Rexists, of disdain for a "run-away" individualism.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwis..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/O8BUacXJgSY?t=305

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 7A is an excerpt from one of the two books written by the founder of the Rexist movement Jean Denis. True, Leon Degrelle would be quick to dominate and lead the Rexists, but he was not the initial architect. In this work, Jean Denis lays out the proto-typical fascist complaint of broken parliamentarism, runaway individualism, and the need for "movements" and not "parties". While not a particularly unique work it is still a prime example of the basic motivational rhetoric common to all fascist movements of that time, and in some cases still today. One thing is for sure, however, and that is that Jean Denis appears to be extremely camera shy, attempts at finding authenticated pictures of the man have proven fruitless.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into ..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/goOltjVDg4Y?t=658

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 6A is the only reading covering the Spanish fascist movement of the Falange. The reading begins abruptly as it is an excerpt from a speech by Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera. De Rivera was the son of the dictatorial general Miguel Primo de Rivera and was forever disdainful to the traditional conservative right for its failure to support his father following the first world war. Encompassing the typical precatory language of a fascist movement, de Rivera's speech is otherwise another example of the rejection of movements that sought to fix things by policy or rigid Marxist class warfare.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-vi..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/c6EW-FYRlN0?t=746

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 5A is an excerpt from Oswald Mosley's 1932 work "The Greater Britain". In it, Mosley foretells the decline of the British Empire either by stagnant apathy or anarchic and communist executed collapse. Warning against Communism as heartless and not truly out for the well being of all peoples, Mosley is still very clearly socialist and considers the Fascist movement to be anti-parliamentarian and anti-land owning.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - This reading is only mentioned implicitly through the actions of the post-Codreanu Legion in 1941 and onward

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. More fully explained in the special forward, reading 4C is not connected with Codreanu but was from a later more militant and violent generation of Legionaries. Only a mere snippet of a larger and rather verbose list of "beliefs" reading 4C is notable for its change in tone and tactic. Violence starts to become more directly espoused and an apocalyptic feeling appears. This is understandable as the reading is from a late 1944 Legionary publication and closely coincides with the Legion's earlier failed coup and the approaching Soviet armies.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or conne..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/Ha7xv0nU9xU?t=491

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. As with reading 4A, reading 4B also comes from the mouth of Codreanu. Written in 1928 the first thing to pop out is that by this time Codreanu had firmly changed the named of the movement from "Iron Legion/Guard" to "The Legion of the Archangel Micheal". The piety, Christian influences, and emphasis on work and sacrifice are still central to this program as to the prior one. A more notable change, however, is the somewhat more aggressive political tone and criticism of this program. There is an implied rejection of competing works and a reaffirmation that only a total overhaul of the "person" will lead to the overhaul of the state.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings ac..

As there are only a handful of readings left before finishing Eugen Weber's "Varieties of Fascism" I have found it prudent to communicate a brief forecast of upcoming topics. In the pipe-line are a couple of academic articles (by Eugen Weber lovely enough) on fascism and national socialism. But, also, I aim to upload the entire works of Plato in piecemeal. This will be no easy task as the complete works of Plato are over 600 pages of bible-thin paper. Therefore, going forward the topics covered are going to branch out and be intermixed.

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/BhGpcc9MWdU?t=2000

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 4A comes from Corneliu Zelea Codreanu in 1920. Perhaps most interesting about this program is not so much what it says, though it is valuable, but when it was published. Codreanu would publish this first nascent and pious program of his uniquely religious Romanian national socialist movement two weeks before Adolf Hitler and the early Nazi's would publish their first program. In this, aside from the truly unique piety, it cannot be said that Codreanu's National Socialist party was taking its cues or inspirations from the Nazis and seems to imply an organic evolution of the concept of national socialism.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connec..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - Reading 3B is only mentioned tacitly at the very end of Chapter 8 (Hungary) in relation to Szalasi "clinging" to his principles "to the last".

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 3B needs little introduction. These words are the closing words of Ferenc Szalasi at his trial in 1946. Following the restatement of his principles and, and recanting nothing, Szalasi predicts that his time is not the final time for movements such as national socialism.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is inconsistent with the holder's propr..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/fclYju9HuBw?t=768

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 3A is written by Ferenc Szalasi himself in the lead up to the struggles that the Arrow Cross would face in taking power. Written in 1936 this creed is somewhat inchoate. Detailing the ideas of Hungarism and antisemitism Ferenc Szalasi speaks highly of the worker and the ideal programmatic and Hungarian dominated southern Europe that he sought to create.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is inconsistent with the holder's proprietary rights without e..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/_ZzyLJFevqA?t=342

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 2C is written by Vidkun Quisling, from which the modern colloquial term for treachery is derived. Quisling, a Norwegian fascist more so than a national socialist, counseled Hitler in 1940 that invading Norway and installing him as the leader of said state would be a wise way to protect the Reich's northern frontier. In this article published a couple years before the war in Oswal Mosley's British Union Quarterly, Quisling reiterates an ideological fixation on race and propounds anti-semitism and a pan-germanic (nordic) federated desire as well as racial superiority.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/Ha7xv0nU9xU?t=1071

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 2B is an excerpt written by Alfred Rosenberg who would prove to be among the top of, if not the primary, German Nazi ideological theoreticians. In this brief two-paragraph excerpt Rosenberg can be seen extolling that values of racial identity as a source of value that cannot be extricated from the soul of a man. Heavily identitarian, Rosenberg's comments push hard the idea that identity and value come hand in hand, not only in a valuable fashion but an inseparable one.

In the Narrator's opinion, much of the opinion found in this short passage seems eerily similar to the modern identitarian rationale and thought processes plaguing the western world at the time of this publishing.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However,..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/Ha7xv0nU9xU?t=126

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 2A is the first published manifesto/program of the NSDAP which was published in 1920. At this period in time, the soon to be infamous Adolf Hitler was not in complete control of the party. Notable in this 25 part program is the early insistence that certain groups of people, notably Jews, were already blocked from being members of the nation. However, just as notable, is the softer tone of the earlier NDSAP program. Still radical in a comparative fashion, both considering its evolution and to our current time, the program is softer and belies only little of the radical and violent efforts of the party two decades later.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accomp..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - (does not appear to be cited in a direct reference in preceding Part I, merely mentioned tacitly)

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 1D is a brief excerpt from the artist, social commentator, and political activist Wyndham Lewis which was published in Oswald Mosely's later publication the "British Union Quarterly". A brief statement, Wyndham's remarks reveal a certain cachet that Fascism had in the minds of some disillusioned socialists at the time. Uniquely, Wyndham distinguishes the Fascists (or at least British Fascists referred to) as distinct, or maybe more pure, than the Jacobin predecessors of all concerned revolutionary activities. This does not run contrary to Professor Eugen Weber's findings but instead notes the variance that local commentators had of the opinion of fascist movements and their related socialist cousins.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/Z_iNCNMrv2Q?t=538

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 1C is a rather rambling historical and political accounting of the rise and purpose of fascism as penned in a letter like fashion by Benito Mussolini himself. Informal, and somewhat self-aggrandizing, this excerpt gives valuable insight into the mind, opinion, and hopes of Benito Mussolini.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is inconsistent with the holder's proprietary rights without express written permission, no implied permission is to be taken ..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/BhGpcc9MWdU?t=190

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 1B is a short excerpt from a report by R Palme Dutt on the 1928 Program of the Communist International, who, increasingly alarmed by its competition with fascism, formed its own definition of it. It is important to note that Professor Eugen Weber does make mention of this definition but (in the Narrator's interpretation of Chapter 4) appears not to find it to be all that accurate concerning its status as reactionary and property-class defensive, however, it was a historical view of the time common among its ideological enemies.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novati..

Mention of the Reading in Part I - https://youtu.be/Z_iNCNMrv2Q

This is the first person account reading of Part II of Varieties of Fascism by Professor Eugen Weber. Reading 1A is a short excerpt from the earliest beginnings of Mussolini's soon to be known Fascist Party. Only a few paragraphs long, these words come directly from Mussolini and his closest cadres right after the period of the First World War. Composing mostly directives and hopes, Eugen Weber notes in its forward that the early directives clash with the later pragmatism that Mussolini would adopt some years later.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is inconsist..

This is the fourteenth and final chapter of Part I of Varieties of Fascism as written by Professor Eugen Weber. This brief chapter strings together the findings of the prior 13 chapters and helps the reader to wrap their mind around their adventures through fascism and national socialism. This marks the end of Part I of the book and also Eugen Weber's direct contributions. Part II now follows. Part II contains writings of fascist and national socialist figures periodically mentioned throughout Part I (i.e. "see reading no 2A").

These readings have already been narrated and shall be uploaded just as Part I was, over the next proceeding couple of weeks.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and ma..

This is the thirteenth chapter of Varieties of Fascism as written by Professor Eugen Weber. The topic of this chapter is France. Eugen Weber was thoroughly fluent in French, having done much of his post-secondary schooling in the country following the Second World War. This expertise shows in the intricate and broadly covered detail of the various movements found in France, the nascent movements of before World War I, those of the interwar period, and those of the collaborationist movements during the German occupation period of the Second World War.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is inconsistent with the holder's propriet..

This is the twelfth chapter of Varieties of Fascism as written by Professor Eugen Weber. At this stop, Belgium. Eugen Weber's look at Belgium starts, like most other state examples, by locating the nascent movements that later sprouted into either fascist or national socialist ideological movements and parties. Here is no exception. Professor Weber focuses predominantly on the Belgian Fascist and Walloon SS leader Leon Degrelle and his Rexist party. A monarchic fascist movement, Eugen Weber describes its birth through the revolutionary socialism of Jesuit aligned clergy and university youths. The discussion focuses primarily on the late half of the inter-war period, and the electoral struggles and successes of the Rexists to gain power in Belgium.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narratio..

This is the eleventh chapter of Varieties of Fascism as written by Professor Eugen Weber. This chapter is focused on the infamous Spanish fascist question. Perhaps bucking the trend that most people were taught, Eugen Weber comes to the conclusion that General Franco was not a fascist. Instead, chapter 11 covers the early manifestations of fascism and syndicalism in interwar Spain. The movements ultimately culminated in the infamous Falange, whose name but not ideology would live on in Franco until the 1970s.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is inconsistent with the holder's proprietary rights without express written permiss..

This is the tenth chapter of Varieties of Fascism as written by Professor Eugen Weber. In this chapter, Eugen Weber tackles the British Union of Fascists party headed by the infamous Oswald Mosley. In this chapter, Eugen Weber describes the origin of the BUF as a splinter of disaffected zealous socialists from the British Labor Party, and the ideologies, tactics, and outcome of the movement before and up to the Second World War.

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In 1964, the world approached the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Eugen Weber, a Romanian born, French-educated, British Veteran, and now American professor, sat down to take in the impact of socialism, fascism, and national socialism on the 20th-century world. Having served with the British during the Second World War, Eugen Weber was no stranger to the violent upheaval these ideologies had, and indeed are having.

In the Narrator's opinion, the compilation of this work is invaluable in a current atmosphere of domestic ideological cleavings. Writing nineteen years after the Second World War, a war which Professor Weber fought in, this work has topical adjacency to the real physical manifestations of such phenomena. Additionally, written in the early sixties, the work does not suffer the estrangement and misdefinition of the terms it seeks to educate on.

Legal disclaimer: The literary work narrated herein is governed in the U.S.A. by the Copyright Act 1909 (not 1976) and has since fallen into the realm of public domain. However, the narration and any associated images and recordings accompanying or connected with the audio-visual narration are the copyright by due effort and novation/innovation and creation of Western Narration and may not be reproduced, sold, or otherwise used in a manner that is inconsistent with the holder's proprietary rights without express written permission, no implied permission is to be taken as ever being issued.

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Created 3 months, 4 weeks ago.

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CategoryEducation

Political, Historical, Jurisprudential, and General Western Philosophies. Featuring original and reproduced narrated content.