The Glory of Venice: The Music of Giovanni Gabrieli

Shakespeare was a young man in Warwickshire, England, El Greco had completed his masterwork of nine paintings for the altar of the Cistercian convent monastery of Saint Dominic of Silos the Old in Toledo, Spain, and Venice was the wealthiest and most cosmopolitan city in Europe when this music was written by maestro di cappella Giovanni Gabrieli of St. Mark's Basilica in 1584. St. Mark's Basilica had separated choir lofts which faced each other, and Gabrieli's predecessor and his uncle Andrea Gabrieli's teacher, the Flemish composer Adrian Willaert (1490 –1562) had used this architectural feature to present an antiphonal style of polychoral music accompanied by one or both of the church's organs. Polyphonic vocal music had originated in France and Northern Burgundy in the 15th century, and Willaert successfully popularized this polyphonic style of vocal music in Venice.

Giovanni Gabrieli's uncle Andrea Gabrieli succeeded Willaert as St. Mark's maestro di cappella in 1566 and further developed and elaborated this musical tradition which had become the first international style of music since Gregorian chant in the 9th century. The Venetian School of music would reach it's pinnacle under the next maestro di cappella of St. Mark's, Giovanni Gabrieli, who succeeded his uncle after his death in 1586. Giovanni Gabrieli achieved fame as one of the most renowned composers in Europe, and other composers throughout Europe traveled to St. Mark's Basilica in Venice to study composition and the Venetian style of music under him.

One of the composers that studied under Gabrieli was the German composer Henrich Schutz (1585-1672). Giovanni Gabrieli was so impressed with Schutz and his musical mastery that Gabrieli said to Schutz that Schutz was not his student but his teacher, and, shortly before he died, Gabrieli gifted his ring to Schutz. Giovanni Gabrieli died in 1612, and predeceased El Greco and William Shakespeare by just a few years.

Henrich Schutz and other German composers who had studied in northern Italy brought the Venetian polychoral style of music with them when they returned to Germany. The Venetian style of music would become the basis of German Baroque music which would culminate in the compositions of one of the greatest composers who ever lived-- Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750).


Κύριε, ἐλέησον (Kyrie eléison)
Lord, have mercy

Χριστέ, ἐλέησον (Christe eléison)
Christ, have mercy

Κύριε, ἐλέησον (Kyrie eléison)
Lord, have mercy

The World Express wishes everyone a Blessed and Happy Russian Orthodox Easter!

Christos voskrese! Voistinu voskrese!

Christ is risen! Indeed, He is risen!

Music Credits:

Three Mass Movements: I. Kyrie Eleison I (Motet in 8 parts)

E. Power Biggs, Organist · Richard Levitt · Giovanni Gabrieli · Vittorio Negri · Gregg Smith Singers · The Texas Boys Choir · Edward Tarr Brass Ensemble

Copyright 2021 Josiah Wales USA

Video Cover Photo is of the Soldier of the Lord Window produced by Tiffany Studios c. 1910. The window's image was inspired by a passage from St. Paul the Apostle's Letter to the Ephesians (6:11-12 Revised Standard Version):

11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 12 For we are not contending against flesh and blood, but against the principalities, against the powers, against the world rulers of this present darkness, against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.

Photo is from the author's private collection.

4 months, 2 weeks ago

The video is a complete spoiler of the movie and contains all the key moments of the film, so, if you have not seen Stanley Kubrick's film “Barry Lyndon” but want to see it, I advise that you watch the film first before watching this video.

In his 3rd Symphony, the 18 year-old Austrian composer Franz Schubert (1797-1828) created a musical masterpiece with symphonic movements based on various forms of European dance.13 years later, Schubert was dead, the cause of which is rumored to have been syphilis.

Today on the World Express, we listen to the second movement from Schubert's Piano Trio No. 2 in E-flat major for piano, violin, and violoncello, Op. 100 D. 929; this was one of Schubert's last compositions before he died in November of 1828, and was composed about a year before the composer's death.

This music was used in the final scene of Stanley Kubrick's film "Barry Lyndon" (1975) which was based on the English novelist William Makepeace Thackeray's (1811-1863) picaresque novel The Luck of Barry Lyndon. The Luck of Barry Lyndon was first published in serial form in the London literary journal Fraser's Magazine during 1844.

I did not create this tribute video to the film.

"Barry Lyndon" (1975) Soundtrack adaptation of the second movement, the Andante con moto (i.e., Slowly [literally, at a walking pace], but with motion) of Franz Schubert's Piano Trio No. 2 in E-flat major, Op. 100 D. 929, with Ralph Holmes/violin, Moray Welsh/cello, Anthony Goldstone/piano.

Join us again next time on the World Express!

Copyright 2021 Josiah Wales USA

6 months, 1 week ago

Ulster-Scots artists 'Houl Yer Whisht' with an evocation in word and song about the Battle Of The Boyne which took place in Ireland in 1690.

The Battle Of The Boyne was part of a dynastic war between two kings, William of Orange and James II, over the succession to the English throne: a war which was to change the course of history in Ireland and Europe. The Scots-Irish of the Irish province of Ulster were squarely behind King William III and the 'Glorious Revolution' in Britain & Ireland.

Citation: Image of Donald J. Trump Used--Mohamed Mahmoud Hassan has released the “Donald Trump” image used in my video under Public Domain license.

8 months, 1 week ago

This time--Joyous Christmas songs from Austria as the World Express celebrates Christmas at Wilten Abbey in Innsbruck.

"Gott hat alles recht gemacht" is a German language Volkslied (i.e., folk song) from the Tyrol region of Europe. The song is associated with the Advent Season and Christmas and originates from a motto of the Tyrol region: “Gott hat alles recht gemacht,” i.e., in English-- “God has made everything right.”

This German language Volkslied appears to be well known in the Alpine regions of Tyrol, Austria and South Tyrol, Italy and also the southeastern tip of Bavaria.

This song has been performed in Innsbruck, and, according to news sources, also in Oberhofen im Inntal about 15-20 miles to the west of Innsbruck; in Stubaital in the Stubai Alps about 10 miles to the southwest of Innsbruck; and in Kastelruth (Castelrotto) in the Italian Alps about 40 miles south of Innsbruck where 80.94% of the town's population of 6,872 (2017) are German speaking. If one travels eastwards, the song has been also performed in the town of Grodig just a few miles south of Salzburg, Austria, and about 15 miles west of Salzburg in Ruhpolding in neighboring Bavaria.

During the 4th century A.D., the Romans built the military camp Veldidena at Oenipons to provide protection for commerce along the Province of Raetia's important Roman road from Verona to Brenner to Augsburg.

Oeni Pons is Latin for Bridge over the Inn. The name marked an important crossing over the Inn river, and these Latin words are the etymological origin of the name of Innsbruck.

Innsbruck was acquired by the Count of Tyrol in 1248. The ancestral castle of these Counts, called Tyrol Castle, located today in Italy's South Tyrol, gave the historic region of Tyrol its name.

Wilten Abbey is located in Innsbruck's urban district of Wilten. The name Wilten derives from Veldidena, the Roman military camp mentioned earlier. Wilten Abbey is located at the foot of the Bergisel Hill and has one of the oldest boy choirs in Europe--the Wilten Boys' Choir which was founded during the mid-13th century.

Today, the Wilten Boys' Choir has around 150 members and performs a wide repertoire of song, including sacred music, traditional Alpine Volkslieder and opera.

The world renowned Wilten Boys' Choir has performed concerts in Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland, Great Britain, Denmark, Romania, Israel and Japan.

The video footage of the performance is from organist Diane Bish's televison series Joy of Music; Ms. Bish's television series featured a number of Christmas Specials filmed in Germany and Austria. The video clip includes a somewhat humorous interview conducted by Ms. Bish with some of the Wilten Abbey Boy Choristers and concludes with the Wilten Abbey Boys' Choir singing Psalm 150 in German.

For more German Christmas music check out my video of Ernst Mosch and the Original Egerländer Musikanten playing a great instrumental version of the Christmas carol “O Du Fröhliche, O Du Selige” in the beautiful setting of a Baroque church!

Gott hat alles recht gemacht:
1. Gott hat alles recht gemacht
Durch seine Händ',
Er erschaffet Tag und Nacht
Das Firmament.
Hoi-di-idl dri didl-jo,
Ri didl-jo, ri didl-jo,
Hoi-di-idl dri didl-jo,
Ri didl-jo, ro.
2. Die Blumen auf Erden,
Die wachsen mit Freud;
Alles muß werden,
Wenn kommet die Zeit.
Der Weinstock bringt Reben,
Die Bäum' tragen Frücht':
Alles muß leben,
Wie Gott es befiehlt.

God made everything right
Through his hands
He creates day and night
The firmament.
2. The flowers on earth,
They grow with Joy;
Everything must be
When the time comes.
The vine brings branches
The trees 'bear fruit':

This Bavarian text of Psalm 150 sounded to me closest to some of the words they are using but the Choir's version sounds much different and may be Medieval German or perhaps an Austrian dialect.

De Bibl auf Bairisch:

D Sälm 150
1Hall ayn Luier; Luier, hall! Preistß önn Herrgot eyn n Heiligtuem obn! Luitß iem aufhin eyn d Föstn, seinn Himml!
2Luitß iem für sein Wunderwerch, seinn groossn Rued!
3Lobtß n, laasstß iem d Herner schalln! Lobtß n, härpftß iem und zitertß iem auf!
4Paucktß und tantztß iem, spiltß Floettn und Leier,
5und luitß mit de Zimbln iem, ienn hellen Klang!
6Allss, was aadmetzt, preis önn Herrn! Ayn Luier hall!

Psalms 150 (R.S.V.)

1Praise the Lord!
Praise God in his sanctuary;
praise him in his mighty firmament!
2Praise him for his mighty deeds;
praise him according to his exceeding greatness!
3Praise him with trumpet sound;
praise him with lute and harp!
4Praise him with timbrel and DANCE;
praise him with strings and pipe!
5Praise him with sounding cymbals;
praise him with loud clashing cymbals!
6Let everything that breathes praise the Lord!
Praise the Lord!

Join us again next time on the World Express!

8 months, 3 weeks ago

01 - Matteo Marini Ft. Julie Thompson ‎– Back To Life - 2013 - 130.0
02 - Ascension - Someone (Vocal Mix) - 1997 - 134.6
03 - Ayla -Ayla (DJ Taucher Radio Edit) - 1997 - 144.0
04 - Forever Young - Interactive - 1994 - 142.0
05 - SL2 - On a Ragga Tip - 1992 - 140.2
06 - Cappella - Move On Baby (gypnorion remix) - 2018 - 140.0
07 - Grooveyard - Mary Go W!ld! - 1996 - 140.0
08 - Sean Paul - Legacy - 2014 - 140.0
09 - Airplay - The Music is Moving - 2001 - 139.6
10 - Safri Duo - Played-A-Live (The Bongo Song) - 2000 - 138.0
11 - Safri Duo - Played-A-Live (NWYR & Willem De Roo Remix) - 2018 - 130.2
12 - Omnia & Whiteout - U - 2019 - 130.0
13 - Dua Lipa - Homesick (Dash Berlin Rework) - 2018 - 128.8
14 - Deadmau5 FT. Kaskade I Remember - 2008 - 128.1
15 - Dash Berlin feat Emma Hewitt - Waiting (RJEY & X-Meen Bootleg) - 2009 - 128.0

9 months ago

On this episode of the World Express, our train takes us back in time to the 19th century streets of York, Canada, today known as Toronto. The town was called Muddy York by its inhabitants because its unpaved streets to turned into mud during rainstorms.

We hear two songs from the period of the Upper Canada (now known as Ontario) Rebellion in 1837. The rebellion was primarily led by William Lyon McKenzie (1798-1861), a Canadian political reformer and writer, printer, revolutionary and politician.

The first song, “I'll Be a Tory,” satirizes the Tories of Upper Canada. This political party was controlled by a conservative elite known as the Family Compact. The Family Compact controlled the government and used it to profit the industries they owned despite their blatant conflicts of interest.

The Family Compact was allied with the Orange Order of Canada, and used it as a stick to silence dissent in Upper Canada, threatening and committing acts of physical violence against outspoken political enemies seeking to reform the political system.

This version of the “I'll Be A Tory” is sung to a tune based on Miss Lyall's Strathspey. Originally, the song was sung to the music of “I'd Be A Butterfly,” a popular song of the 1800s whose lyrics were written by the English poet Thomas Haynes Bailey (1797-1839).

This rendition of the song is sung with strong emotional energy, and loses the original satirical meaning of the song and changes it from a political satire into a sincere expression of Tory political fervor and conviction.

The Tory Party would eventually ally with the Parti Bleu of Lower Canada (Quebec) after the Act of Union of 1841 which formed the Province of Canada, and both these political parties eventually merged into the Conservative Party in 1867.

“Up and Waur them A'Willie” expresses political and military support for Willie, i.e., the political reformer William Lyon McKenzie. Many of McKenzie's supporters in Upper Canada were settlers from England, Scotland and Ireland.

This song was written a year before the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837 by an anonymous songwriter from Hawkesbury on the Lower Ottawa River in what is today the far eastern corner of Ontario along the border with Quebec. It is very loosely based on a Scottish Jacobite Rebellion (1689-1746) song of the same name from the 18th century.

Thomas Neil, an Edinburgh carpenter, gave a copy of the original Jacobite song to renowned Scottish poet Robert Burns; Burns said that the expression "Up and warn a', Willie" was an allusion to the crantara, the fiery cross, used in the Scottish Highlands to call a clan to arms.

The Upper Canada Rebellion lasted three days from December 4 to December 7, 1837, and ended with the Battle of Montgomery Tavern which was a tavern located in farmland outside the City of York. The Rebellion was easily crushed by the authorities with a few casualties were sustained on both sides.

The Canadian Legislature eventually pardoned William Lyon Mackenzie for his treason and he returned to Toronto in 1849, though not without controversy. He became a property owner, ran for the legislature, was elected and served as an Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1851-1858.

Mackenzie tried to pass reforms and fought against corrupt practices and criticized others who had been in his political circle whom he felt had sold out their reform principles. Mackenzie had strongly opposed the Union of Upper and Lower Canada which occurred in 1841. Mackenzie died after having an apoplectic seizure on August 28, 1861. His grandson, William Lyon Mackenzie King, became Prime Minister during the decade of the 1920s and during a second term from 1935-1948, and is recognized by historians as one of Canada's greatest Prime Ministers.

“I'll Be A Tory”; “Up and Waur Them A'Willie”

Please see Music of Old Ontario:


Join us again next time on the World Express!

Mohamed Mahmoud Hassan has released the “Donald Trump” image used in my video under Public Domain license.
My use of File: Dieu et mon droit 2.svg is courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

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I, Josiah Wales, have modified the file from the original. My modified file, to my knowledge, is also licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. Link: https://rb.gy/a4pftr

Copyright 2020 Josiah Wales USA

10 months, 3 weeks ago

01 - Justin Timberlake - Can't Stop the Feeling! - 2016 - 113.0
02 - Mark Ronson ft. Bruno Mars - Uptown Funk - 2015 - 115.0
03 - Years & Years - King - 2015 - 120.0
04 - Sigala ft. Bryn Christopher - Sweet Lovin' - 2015 - 125.0
05 - Kungs vs Cookin on 3 Burners - This Girl - 2016 - 122.0
06 - Calvin Harris ft. Rihanna - This Is What You Came For - 2016 - 124.0
07 - Martin Solveig ft. Sam White - +1 - 2015 - 125.0
08 - Calvin Harris & Disciples - How Deep Is Your Love - 2015 - 122.0
09 - Maroon 5 ft. Christina Aguilera - Moves Like Jagger - 2011 - 128.0
10 - Todd Terry ft. Martha Wash And Jocelyn Brown - Something Goin' On - 1997 - 127.9
11 - Calvin Harris ft. Ayah Marar - Thinking About You - 2013 - 128.0
12 - Armand Van Helden - You Don't Know Me - 1999 - 130.0
13 - Pitbull ft. John Ryan - Fireball - 2014 - 123.0
14 - Pitbull - Celebrate - 2014 - 127.0

10 months, 4 weeks ago