Het sportkledingmerk adidas (officieel met een kleine letter) is een van oorsprong Duits bedrijf uit Herzogenaurach. Het bedrijf is vernoemd naar de oprichter, Adolf (Adi) Dassler. Het concern Adidas AG, genoteerd aan de Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse, omvat ook de merken Reebok en TaylorMade (golf).
Geschiedenis De gebroeders Adolf en Rudolf Dassler begonnen in 1920 met het maken van schoenen in Herzogenaurach, bij Neurenberg in Beieren. Met de opkomst van Adolf Hitler in de jaren 1930, werden beide broers lid van de nazipartij, waarbij Rudolf de reputatie van meest fanatieke nazi kreeg. Rudolf werd later gevangengenomen, terwijl Adi achterbleef om laarzen te produceren voor de Wehrmacht. De oorlog verscherpte de verschillen tussen de broers en hun vrouwen. Rudolf werd, na zijn gevangenneming door Amerikaanse troepen, verdacht van het lidmaatschap van de SS. De informatie zou door niemand minder dan zijn broer Adi verstrekt zijn.
Rond 1948 werd de kloof tussen de broers groter. Rudolf verliet het bedrijf in 1949 om Puma te beginnen aan de andere kant van de stad (over de Aurach River), en Adolf Dassler noemde het bedrijf adidas, naar zijn bijnaam Adi Dassler.
De tweestrijd tussen de broers deelde ook de bevolking van het dorp. De bekendste strijd tussen adidas en Puma in Nederland draaide om Johan Cruijff. In de jaren 1970 was adidas de sponsor van het Nederlands elftal. Cruijff had echter een contract met Puma. Gezien de rivaliteit tussen beide merken, dreigde Puma het contract met Cruijff te verbreken indien hij in een adidas-tenue zou spelen. Adidas zou zich als sponsor terugtrekken als Cruijff met Puma schoenen zou spelen. Uiteindelijk speelde Cruijff als enige Nederlandse speler in een shirt met twee strepen, terwijl alle anderen een shirt met drie strepen aan hadden.
Het bedrijf leverde onder meer schoenen aan het Duitse voetbalelftal in 1954. Hiervan konden de noppen verwisseld worden. De tweedelige film De Dassler broers: Adidas versus Puma gaat over de eerste vijftig jaar van het bedrijf.
Adidas kreeg het eind 20e eeuw zwaar te verduren door de concurrentie van onder meer Nike. In 1997 nam het bedrijf de Franse Salomon Group over, die vooral in wintersportartikelen actief was (ski, snowboard), maar ook in de golfsport (met het merk TaylorMade). De naam van het bedrijf veranderde toen in adidas-Salomon. De wintersportdivisie bleek echter verlieslatend en werd in 2005 weer verkocht, aan het Finse Amer Sports. Het golfmerk TaylorMade bleef evenwel bij adidas.
In 2006 slaagde het bedrijf erin zijn positie op de wereldmarkt te versterken door de overname van Reebok. In dat jaar werd ook de naam van de groep hersteld naar Adidas AG.
Built on the Epsilon platform, the Opel Vectra C, released in March 2002 was initially available as a four-door notchback saloon and a five-door hatchback, known as the GTS. A five-door estate was added in 2003. The Vectra C's official debut was at the 2002 Geneva Motor Show. Originally, the Vectra C was due to début with the Saab 9-3 in October 2001, at the Frankfurt Motor Show, but in July 2001, it was announced that delays had forced General Motors to postpone the introduction. The hatchback version premiered in September 2002. The four door notchback saloon version of the Vectra C almost resembled a two-box four door fastback saloon.
The Vectra C was first seen in November 1999, in a copy of Auto Express. At the Frankfurt Motor Show in October 2003, the estate version premièred, which had a slightly longer wheelbase than the hatchback and saloon versions. Sharing the 2,830 millimetres (111 in) wheelbase of the estate, an "executive hatchback" sold under the Opel/Vauxhall Signum nameplate. The Signum, which was based partly on the Vectra C, featured a completely different layout in the rear.
The engine range was substantially modified to account for the increased curb weight of the Vectra C. The 90 kW (121 hp) 1.8 litre Family 1 Ecotec engine was reserved for the base model, with the main petrol engine for the Vectra C, making up the vast bulk of production, being the Ecotec 2.2 litre chain driven unit producing 108 kW (145 hp); along with a new range topping 3.2 litre 54-Degree V6, with 155 kW (208 hp). From June to July 2002, Ed Harris starred in adverts for the Vauxhall Vectra in the United Kingdom. Pierluigi Collina also starred in adverts across Europe for the Vectra, as well as the Signum, in the end of 2005.
In 2003, a 2.0 litre turbocharged Ecotec engine with 129 kW (173 hp) was also notionally offered, but was only produced in tiny numbers, rather it being a main engine for another GM brand, Saab. The 2.2 litre was upgraded in 2004, with the 'Direct' name added to the model line, indicating the new high pressure direct injection update that increased power output to 115 kW (154 hp) with improved emissions.
Diesel power, which had become important for commercial success in Europe, was provided by an Isuzu sourced 3.0 litre DMAX V6 outputting 132 kW (177 hp).
In October 2004, the four cylinder diesel engine was replaced with a Fiat designed 1.9 litre Ecotec CDTI engine capable of producing 89 kW (119 hp) in 8v form and 110 kW (148 hp) in 16v form. Handling was reported to be much better than the previous Vectra.
The Vectra C received a facelift in September 2005, with the début at the Frankfurt Motor Show, and it retained a similar line of engines. However, the power of the 3.0 diesel was increased to 137 kW (184 hp), and the petrol 3.2 litre V6 engine was replaced by an Australian built turbocharged 2.8 litre High Feature V6 unit. This Saab co developed motor could produce 170 kW (228 hp). Opel installed the twin scroll turbo engine in its Signum productline with 185 kW (248 hp) output.
The 185 kW (248 hp) version was available for the Vectra later in 2006. Opel also introduced – for the first time – an OPC version of the Vectra, using the VXR name in the United Kingdom. These high performance variants were only available as hatchbacks and estates. In the United Kingdom the power of the High Feature V6 engine was increased to 188 kW (252 hp), giving a maximum speed approaching 250 km/h (155 mph).
In Australia and New Zealand, the Holden Vectra ZC series was only available as a saloon and hatchback, Holden did not offer the Vectra C estate due to the presence of the Astra and later Holden Viva (Daewoo Lacetti) estates. The Vectra was dropped and replaced by the Holden Epica, a badge engineered Daewoo Tosca early in 2007.
-*- CREDITS -- Produced by Patrons of the Juice Media -- Written & created by Giordano for The Juice Media -- Performed by Ellen x Voice by Lucy and Maria Paula (Ecuador) -- Thanks to Lizzie, Micah, Scott, Clinton and Dbot for expert advice -- Thanks to Adso, Damian and Matt-N for script feedback -- Soundtrack by TwoMountains https://audiojungle.net/item/acoustic/13510039 -- Outro beat by Mozart x Eric Parsons https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6JBBuNy8Oo
The Nissan Micra (Japanese: 日産・マイクラ Nissan Maikura), known in Latin America and in most of Asia as the Nissan March (Japanese: 日産・マーチ Nissan Māchi), is a supermini produced by the Japanese manufacturer Nissan since 1982.
The Nissan Micra replaced the Japanese-market Nissan Cherry. It was exclusive to Nissan Japanese dealership network Nissan Cherry Store until 1999, when the "Cherry" network was combined into Nissan Red Stage until 2003. Until Nissan began selling badge engineered superminis from other Japanese manufacturers the March was Nissan's smallest vehicle, and was not renamed and sold at other Japanese Nissan dealership networks.
The second-generation K11 was built in the UK, Japan and Taiwan. It was launched in Japan in January 1992, and released in Europe in the fourth quarter of the year. It was powered by brand new all-aluminium 1.0 L (CG10DE) and 1.3 L (CG13DE) DOHC 16-valve engines, with 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) and 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) respectively (higher outputs were claimed in Japan, according to the JIS rather than DIN/ECE rating), both with ECCS (Electronic Concentrated Control System) fuel injection. It was the second Nissan model line to be produced in the UK at the Nissan Motor Manufacturing UK (NMUK) plant, Washington Tyne and Wear. A diesel version was offered with the 1.5 L PSA TUD market in Europe as Micra 1.5 D. CVT automatic transmission and Power steering was an option on some models, and the equipment list included safety features not usually available in this market segment: a toughened safety-cage and side-impact door beams were standard and pre-tensioning seat-belts and a driver's air-bag were optional. However, the Mk2 Micra scored only a modest two stars in Euro NCAP testing in 1997. Airbags, antilock brakes, electric windows, central locking and air conditioning were as either standard equipment or options on some models in the Micra range. The European model range consisted of 1.0L and LX, 1.3LX, SLX and Super S. The car soon won the European Car of the Year award for 1993 (the first Japanese car to do so) and the Good Design Award (a Trade and Industry Design award in Japan) along with the Car of the Year Japan award in 1992. At its introduction in 1993, it won the Automotive Researchers' and Journalists' Conference Car of the Year award in Japan. Having won several awards, Nissan manufactured the V3 Award edition.
After minor changes in 1996, in 1998, six years after its launch, the Micra received a facelift which saw the whole range get power steering as standard.
There was a Cabriolet (FHK11) unveiled at the Tokyo Motor Show in 1995, but it was not sold until August 1997, with an electric top. These were produced in limited numbers for the Japanese Domestic Market (JDM) only. However, much like the Nissan Figaro, some have been imported into the UK unofficially. There was also an estate version called the March Box (WK11), which was unveiled in November 1999, with a double folding rear seat, along with an automatic transmission four-wheel drive model.
This is an ad campaign for new and potential immigrants to Salisbury Rhodesia from the Salisbury Publicity Association. Find out the history and how this wonderful city represented itself to the world in 1976! R A R E