Het sportkledingmerk adidas (officieel met een kleine letter) is een van oorsprong Duits bedrijf uit Herzogenaurach. Het bedrijf is vernoemd naar de oprichter, Adolf (Adi) Dassler. Het concern Adidas AG, genoteerd aan de Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse, omvat ook de merken Reebok en TaylorMade (golf).
Geschiedenis De gebroeders Adolf en Rudolf Dassler begonnen in 1920 met het maken van schoenen in Herzogenaurach, bij Neurenberg in Beieren. Met de opkomst van Adolf Hitler in de jaren 1930, werden beide broers lid van de nazipartij, waarbij Rudolf de reputatie van meest fanatieke nazi kreeg. Rudolf werd later gevangengenomen, terwijl Adi achterbleef om laarzen te produceren voor de Wehrmacht. De oorlog verscherpte de verschillen tussen de broers en hun vrouwen. Rudolf werd, na zijn gevangenneming door Amerikaanse troepen, verdacht van het lidmaatschap van de SS. De informatie zou door niemand minder dan zijn broer Adi verstrekt zijn.
Rond 1948 werd de kloof tussen de broers groter. Rudolf verliet het bedrijf in 1949 om Puma te beginnen aan de andere kant van de stad (over de Aurach River), en Adolf Dassler noemde het bedrijf adidas, naar zijn bijnaam Adi Dassler.
De tweestrijd tussen de broers deelde ook de bevolking van het dorp. De bekendste strijd tussen adidas en Puma in Nederland draaide om Johan Cruijff. In de jaren 1970 was adidas de sponsor van het Nederlands elftal. Cruijff had echter een contract met Puma. Gezien de rivaliteit tussen beide merken, dreigde Puma het contract met Cruijff te verbreken indien hij in een adidas-tenue zou spelen. Adidas zou zich als sponsor terugtrekken als Cruijff met Puma schoenen zou spelen. Uiteindelijk speelde Cruijff als enige Nederlandse speler in een shirt met twee strepen, terwijl alle anderen een shirt met drie strepen aan hadden.
Het bedrijf leverde onder meer schoenen aan het Duitse voetbalelftal in 1954. Hiervan konden de noppen verwisseld worden. De tweedelige film De Dassler broers: Adidas versus Puma gaat over de eerste vijftig jaar van het bedrijf.
Adidas kreeg het eind 20e eeuw zwaar te verduren door de concurrentie van onder meer Nike. In 1997 nam het bedrijf de Franse Salomon Group over, die vooral in wintersportartikelen actief was (ski, snowboard), maar ook in de golfsport (met het merk TaylorMade). De naam van het bedrijf veranderde toen in adidas-Salomon. De wintersportdivisie bleek echter verlieslatend en werd in 2005 weer verkocht, aan het Finse Amer Sports. Het golfmerk TaylorMade bleef evenwel bij adidas.
In 2006 slaagde het bedrijf erin zijn positie op de wereldmarkt te versterken door de overname van Reebok. In dat jaar werd ook de naam van de groep hersteld naar Adidas AG.
Built on the Epsilon platform, the Opel Vectra C, released in March 2002 was initially available as a four-door notchback saloon and a five-door hatchback, known as the GTS. A five-door estate was added in 2003. The Vectra C's official debut was at the 2002 Geneva Motor Show. Originally, the Vectra C was due to début with the Saab 9-3 in October 2001, at the Frankfurt Motor Show, but in July 2001, it was announced that delays had forced General Motors to postpone the introduction. The hatchback version premiered in September 2002. The four door notchback saloon version of the Vectra C almost resembled a two-box four door fastback saloon.
The Vectra C was first seen in November 1999, in a copy of Auto Express. At the Frankfurt Motor Show in October 2003, the estate version premièred, which had a slightly longer wheelbase than the hatchback and saloon versions. Sharing the 2,830 millimetres (111 in) wheelbase of the estate, an "executive hatchback" sold under the Opel/Vauxhall Signum nameplate. The Signum, which was based partly on the Vectra C, featured a completely different layout in the rear.
The engine range was substantially modified to account for the increased curb weight of the Vectra C. The 90 kW (121 hp) 1.8 litre Family 1 Ecotec engine was reserved for the base model, with the main petrol engine for the Vectra C, making up the vast bulk of production, being the Ecotec 2.2 litre chain driven unit producing 108 kW (145 hp); along with a new range topping 3.2 litre 54-Degree V6, with 155 kW (208 hp). From June to July 2002, Ed Harris starred in adverts for the Vauxhall Vectra in the United Kingdom. Pierluigi Collina also starred in adverts across Europe for the Vectra, as well as the Signum, in the end of 2005.
In 2003, a 2.0 litre turbocharged Ecotec engine with 129 kW (173 hp) was also notionally offered, but was only produced in tiny numbers, rather it being a main engine for another GM brand, Saab. The 2.2 litre was upgraded in 2004, with the 'Direct' name added to the model line, indicating the new high pressure direct injection update that increased power output to 115 kW (154 hp) with improved emissions.
Diesel power, which had become important for commercial success in Europe, was provided by an Isuzu sourced 3.0 litre DMAX V6 outputting 132 kW (177 hp).
In October 2004, the four cylinder diesel engine was replaced with a Fiat designed 1.9 litre Ecotec CDTI engine capable of producing 89 kW (119 hp) in 8v form and 110 kW (148 hp) in 16v form. Handling was reported to be much better than the previous Vectra.
The Vectra C received a facelift in September 2005, with the début at the Frankfurt Motor Show, and it retained a similar line of engines. However, the power of the 3.0 diesel was increased to 137 kW (184 hp), and the petrol 3.2 litre V6 engine was replaced by an Australian built turbocharged 2.8 litre High Feature V6 unit. This Saab co developed motor could produce 170 kW (228 hp). Opel installed the twin scroll turbo engine in its Signum productline with 185 kW (248 hp) output.
The 185 kW (248 hp) version was available for the Vectra later in 2006. Opel also introduced – for the first time – an OPC version of the Vectra, using the VXR name in the United Kingdom. These high performance variants were only available as hatchbacks and estates. In the United Kingdom the power of the High Feature V6 engine was increased to 188 kW (252 hp), giving a maximum speed approaching 250 km/h (155 mph).
In Australia and New Zealand, the Holden Vectra ZC series was only available as a saloon and hatchback, Holden did not offer the Vectra C estate due to the presence of the Astra and later Holden Viva (Daewoo Lacetti) estates. The Vectra was dropped and replaced by the Holden Epica, a badge engineered Daewoo Tosca early in 2007.
-*- CREDITS -- Produced by Patrons of the Juice Media -- Written & created by Giordano for The Juice Media -- Performed by Ellen x Voice by Lucy and Maria Paula (Ecuador) -- Thanks to Lizzie, Micah, Scott, Clinton and Dbot for expert advice -- Thanks to Adso, Damian and Matt-N for script feedback -- Soundtrack by TwoMountains https://audiojungle.net/item/acoustic/13510039 -- Outro beat by Mozart x Eric Parsons https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6JBBuNy8Oo
The Nissan Micra (Japanese: 日産・マイクラ Nissan Maikura), known in Latin America and in most of Asia as the Nissan March (Japanese: 日産・マーチ Nissan Māchi), is a supermini produced by the Japanese manufacturer Nissan since 1982.
The Nissan Micra replaced the Japanese-market Nissan Cherry. It was exclusive to Nissan Japanese dealership network Nissan Cherry Store until 1999, when the "Cherry" network was combined into Nissan Red Stage until 2003. Until Nissan began selling badge engineered superminis from other Japanese manufacturers the March was Nissan's smallest vehicle, and was not renamed and sold at other Japanese Nissan dealership networks.
The second-generation K11 was built in the UK, Japan and Taiwan. It was launched in Japan in January 1992, and released in Europe in the fourth quarter of the year. It was powered by brand new all-aluminium 1.0 L (CG10DE) and 1.3 L (CG13DE) DOHC 16-valve engines, with 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) and 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) respectively (higher outputs were claimed in Japan, according to the JIS rather than DIN/ECE rating), both with ECCS (Electronic Concentrated Control System) fuel injection. It was the second Nissan model line to be produced in the UK at the Nissan Motor Manufacturing UK (NMUK) plant, Washington Tyne and Wear. A diesel version was offered with the 1.5 L PSA TUD market in Europe as Micra 1.5 D. CVT automatic transmission and Power steering was an option on some models, and the equipment list included safety features not usually available in this market segment: a toughened safety-cage and side-impact door beams were standard and pre-tensioning seat-belts and a driver's air-bag were optional. However, the Mk2 Micra scored only a modest two stars in Euro NCAP testing in 1997. Airbags, antilock brakes, electric windows, central locking and air conditioning were as either standard equipment or options on some models in the Micra range. The European model range consisted of 1.0L and LX, 1.3LX, SLX and Super S. The car soon won the European Car of the Year award for 1993 (the first Japanese car to do so) and the Good Design Award (a Trade and Industry Design award in Japan) along with the Car of the Year Japan award in 1992. At its introduction in 1993, it won the Automotive Researchers' and Journalists' Conference Car of the Year award in Japan. Having won several awards, Nissan manufactured the V3 Award edition.
After minor changes in 1996, in 1998, six years after its launch, the Micra received a facelift which saw the whole range get power steering as standard.
There was a Cabriolet (FHK11) unveiled at the Tokyo Motor Show in 1995, but it was not sold until August 1997, with an electric top. These were produced in limited numbers for the Japanese Domestic Market (JDM) only. However, much like the Nissan Figaro, some have been imported into the UK unofficially. There was also an estate version called the March Box (WK11), which was unveiled in November 1999, with a double folding rear seat, along with an automatic transmission four-wheel drive model.
This is an ad campaign for new and potential immigrants to Salisbury Rhodesia from the Salisbury Publicity Association. Find out the history and how this wonderful city represented itself to the world in 1976! R A R E
Common-rail is een techniek voor de inspuiting van brandstof in injectiemotoren.
Ze werd ontwikkeld door de researchfirma Elasis uit Napels die onderdeel was van de Fiat-groep. In 1993 hadden de Italianen het prototype van hun nieuwe inspuiting gereed. Bosch kocht de patenten en nam de firma Elasis over.
TDCI, JTD, CDI, HDI, Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) en benzine Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) zijn directe injectiemotoren waarbij de brandstof onder hoge druk (1850 bar) in een centrale buis - de common-rail - wordt verzameld. De common-rail staat met de elektrisch bediende injectoren in verbinding. De injectoren worden door het motormanagement-systeem aangestuurd. Het inspuittijdstip en de inspuitduur en daarmee de hoeveelheid brandstof kunnen daardoor over een grote bandbreedte worden geregeld, dit in tegenstelling tot bij conventionele systemen. Bij toepassing van common-rail zijn drukopbouw en de feitelijke inspuiting ontkoppeld, wat een groot regelbereik en aanpassingsvermogen met zich meebrengt.
Bij conventionele motoren worden de injectoren geopend en gesloten op basis van de opgebouwde druk. In een aparte brandstofpomp beweegt een nokkenas de inspuitplunjer. De druk die boven de plunjer wordt opgebouwd, wordt naar de injectoren (ook verstuivers genoemd) geleid. De injectoren openen als een bepaalde druk wordt overschreden en sluiten weer als een bepaalde druk wordt onderschreden.
Het common-railsysteem werd in het begin hoofdzakelijk toegepast op dieselmotoren met directe brandstofinspuiting. Dit houdt in dat dieselolie rechtstreeks in de verbrandingsruimte van de cilinder wordt gespoten. Tot enkele jaren geleden werden motoren met directe inspuiting uitsluitend in zware dieselmotoren (vrachtauto's of nog groter: scheepsdiesels) toegepast, tegenwoordig werken ook benzine- en lpg-motoren met directe injectie en een common-rail en FSI.
Intel Corporation (commonly known as Intel and stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley. It is the world's second largest and second highest valued semiconductor chip manufacturer based on revenue after being overtaken by Samsung, and is the inventor of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors found in most personal computers (PCs). Intel ranked No. 46 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
Intel supplies processors for computer system manufacturers such as Apple, Lenovo, HP, and Dell. Intel also manufactures motherboard chipsets, network interface controllers and integrated circuits, flash memory, graphics chips, embedded processors and other devices related to communications and computing.
Intel Corporation was founded on July 18, 1968, by semiconductor pioneers Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore (of Moore's law), and widely associated with the executive leadership and vision of Andrew Grove. The company's name was conceived as portmanteau of the words integrated and electronics, with co-founder Noyce having been a key inventor of the integrated circuit (microchip). The fact that "intel" is the term for intelligence information also made the name appropriate. Intel was an early developer of SRAM and DRAM memory chips, which represented the majority of its business until 1981. Although Intel created the world's first commercial microprocessor chip in 1971, it was not until the success of the personal computer (PC) that this became its primary business.
Getup pull down Tony Abbott attack ad - Newsday - 24 April 2019
Getup have decided to pull an attack ad on Tony Abbot after negative reaction from the public. In this ad GetUp portray Tony Abbott as uncaring and disinterested in saving the life of a drowning swimmer in an attempt to ridicule the over 25 years of Tony Abbott’s selfless community volunteering work as a Surf Life Saver and volunteer Fire Fighter, but then GetUp is a mouthpiece for Labor and the Greens and that is all you can expect from that cohort of degenerates.
Toyota Carina From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Toyota Carina is an automobile which was manufactured by Toyota from December 1970 to 2001. It was introduced as a four-door counterpart of the Celica, of which it originally shared a platform. Later, it was realigned to the Corona platform, but retained its performance image, with distinctive bodywork and interior — aimed at the youth market and remaining exclusive to Japanese Toyota dealerships Toyota Store. It was replaced in Japan by the Toyota Allion in 2000 and was succeeded in Europe by the Toyota Avensis.
The inspiration for the name Carina came from the constellation Carina, sharing a naming inspiration from the Celica, which is ultimately derived from the Latin word coelica meaning "heavenly" or "celestial".
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. (Japanese: 日産自動車株式会社 Hepburn: Nissan Jidōsha Kabushiki-gaisha), usually shortened to Nissan (/ˈniːsɑːn/ or UK: /ˈnɪsæn/; Japanese pronunciation: [ɲissaɴ]), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama. The company sells its cars under the Nissan, Infiniti, and Datsun brands with in-house performance tuning products labelled Nismo. The company traces its name to the Nissan zaibatsu, now called Nissan Group.
Renault Espace From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Renault Espace is a mid-size luxury crossover manufactured by Renault currently in its fifth generation.
The first three generations Espace was among the first contemporary minivans or MPVs and were manufactured by Matra for Renault. The Renault Grand Espace is a long-wheelbase (LWB) version with increased rear leg room and boot size. The name "Espace" means "space" in French.
In February 2012, the Espace was retired in the United Kingdom, as part of a cost cutting plan
The fourth generation Espace arrived in November 2002, being the first entirely Renault developed and produced model. This model is 90% recyclable, and contains numerous weight reducing materials, thus cutting fuel consumption. The aluminium doors and bonnet are 20 kg (44 lb) lighter than steel equivalents.
Its styling was reflective of a new design direction at Renault, symbolised by the radical Vel Satis and Avantime models, marking a major departure from the previous model, which also saw the range moved upmarket.
In 2006, the Espace received a thorough facelift (Phase II) and added new 2.0 litre and 3.0 litre dCi engines. In October 2010, a slight redesign was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show (Phase III), with minor cosmetic changes, LED lights and improved equipment.
On 22 June 2012, Renault announced a restyling of the Espace (Phase IV), the second important after 2006, incorporating the "family feeling" design concept of Laurens van den Acker. Also, it introduced new 2.0 dCi (M9R) engines, in order to meet the French regulations regarding the limitations on CO2 emissions. The car continued in production until the launch of a new generation.
In 2002, Renault goals were to deliver 450,000 units of the Espace IV before 2009, which would account for 20% of the European market for an MPV. The fourth generation Espace came third from the bottom in the Top Gear Satisfaction Survey 2005.
Daewoo LeMans From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search "Daewoo Nexia" redirects here. For other uses, see Le Mans (disambiguation).
The Daewoo LeMans is a compact car, first manufactured by Daewoo in South Korea between 1986 and 1994, and between 1994 and 1997 as Daewoo Cielo—a car mechanically identical to the LeMans, differentiated only by its modified styling cues. Like all Daewoos preceding it, the LeMans took its underpinnings from a European Opel design. In the case of the LeMans, the GM T platform-based Opel Kadett E was the donor vehicle, essentially just badge engineered into the form of the LeMans, and later as the Cielo after a second more thorough facelift.
In markets outside South Korea, the original version of the car bore the Asüna GT, Asüna SE, Daewoo 1.5i, Daewoo Fantasy, Daewoo Pointer, Daewoo Racer, Passport Optima and Pontiac LeMans names. The "LeMans" nameplate was not used at all for the facelifted model. Five-door hatchback models exported to Europe were badged Daewoo Nexia with the Daewoo Racer name used seemingly at random on various bodystyles. The Daewoo Heaven name has also been used.
The Cielo was subsequently replaced by the subcompact Daewoo Lanos and the compact Nubira in 1997, except in some Central Asian markets for which production of the four-door continues in Uzbekistan.