Children education film from the 1940's.. personaly I don't remember getting any lessons in school about Belgian Congo at all ever.. I think most people of my generation and all people born after 1980 didn't even know there was a Congo Free State, or that Rwanda and Burundi where once part of the Belgian Colonial Empire.
Testimony of General Claude Paelinck on December 2006. His father Jean Paelinck was province vice governor of Katanga. General Claude Paelinck was engaged in the Force Publique during the independence period.
Testimony of Willy and Claire Alenus-Strauven, interviewed by Asst. Prof. Rulan Wood. They describe their life in Congo from 1956 to 1960 in Mutshatsha, Katanga. Testimony recorded in 2006.
White Witch Doctor' is a 1953 adventure film directed by Henry Hathaway starring Susan Hayward and Robert Mitchum. Set in the last months of Congo Free State in 1907. Films like this give a unique historical inside in how Africa was precieved at the time in the West.
Congo Crossing is a 1956 American adventure film directed by Joseph Pevney and starring Virginia Mayo and George Nader set in Congo Tanga, an unexplored part of Belgian Congo.. Films like this give a unique historical inside in how Africa was precieved at the time in the West.
Medio negentiende eeuw komt de ontsluiting van het Centraal-Afrikaanse binnenland op gang. In 1866 verkent David Livingstone (1813-1873) de omgeving van het Tanganika meer en in 1875 ontdekt de Brit Verney Lovett-Cameron (1844-1894) de bovenlopen van de Lualaba en de Kasai rivier, beide belangrijke zijrivieren van de Congostroom.
De interesse van Leopold II is uiteraard gewekt en bijna onmiddellijk daarna, in 1876, richt hij in een pand aan de Naamsestraat te Brussel de “Association Internationale Africaine” (AIA) op. Deze instelling krijgt als opdracht de Afrikaanse kolonisatieplannen van Leopold II nauwgezet voor te bereiden. Via onder meer de bankier Léon Lambert (de latere oprichter van de Bank Brussel-Lambert, nu ING) en schoonzoon van de Rothschilds kan hij vrij vlug de nodige fondsen bijeenbrengen om verscheidene expedities te bekostigen die vanuit Zanzibar het Centraal-Afrikaanse binnenland verder moeten verkennen. Leopold II doet hiervoor een beroep op Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904). Die slaagt erin om in 1879 de Congorivier af te varen en enige tijd later aan de monding van de rivier een handelspost te stichten die hij, verwijzend naar zijn opdrachtgever, Leopoldstad noemt, het latere Kinshasa.
Op de Conferentie van Berlijn in 1885, eigenlijk niet meer dan een assemblée van een vijftiental landen die onder elkaar het Afrikaanse continent wilden verdelen, haalt Leopold II eindelijk zijn slag binnen. Verwijzend naar de expedities die hij via het AIA had laten financieren claimt hij het ganse gebied rond de Congostroom. De toenmalige grootmachten die aan de conferentie deelnamen hadden geen enkele interesse voor deze regio en gingen akkoord met de aanspraken die de Belgische vorst naar voren bracht. Congo-Vrijstaat was geboren.
King Leopold II The Great, Father of Belgium, King of the Begian Nation, High King of the Belgians, I Offer Thee Salutations, From Myself And From My Nation, Rest In Peace, For We Are Awake, And We Will Always Stay Awake!
1955, Congolese youth show of in Parade at #Elizabethville (Today Lubumbashi), Belgian Congo in honour of his Majesty King Baudouin I, Fifth King of The Belgians, and Fourth and last king of Belgian Congo.
The Missionary Sisters of Our Lady of Africa, often called the White Sisters, is a missionary society founded in 1869 that operates in Africa. It is closely associated with the Society of the Missionaries of Africa, or White Fathers.
In 1868 the archbishop of Algiers, Charles Lavigerie, endorsed the foundation of the Society of Missionaries of Africa, or White Fathers. The main purpose was originally to staff the diocesan orphanages. The next year he founded the Frères agricoles and the Soeurs agricoles et hospitalière, orders of monks and nuns who would work in Christian villages settled by Arab converts from the church orphanages. Lavigerie's goal was to evangelize the entire continent of Africa. He felt that only women could work with women. Lavigerie said the main goal of the missionaries was to train Africans, who would in turn bring Christianity to the people of Africa. The missionaries should learn the local language, respect local customs, avoid political or racial disputes, and devote their entire life to the mission. Lavigerie warned missionaries not to do anything to generate hostility from Muslims, but to work on raising awareness of the values taught by the Gospel. Unlike other female Catholic orders, the White Sisters did not specialize in teaching or nursing, but evangelized through home visits and religious instruction.
The Simba rebellion of 1963–65, also known as the Orientale Revolt, was a rebellion in Congo Leopoldville which took place within the wider context of the Congo Crisis and the Cold War. The rebellion, located in the east of the country, was led by the followers of Patrice Lumumba, who had been ousted from power in 1960 by Joseph Kasa-Vubu and Joseph-Désiré Mobutu and subsequently killed in January 1961 in Katanga. The rebellion was contemporaneous with the Kwilu Rebellion led by fellow Lumumbist Pierre Mulele in central Congo. The Simba rebels were initially successful and captured much of eastern Congo, proclaiming a "people's republic" at Stanleyville. However, the insurgency suffered from a lack of organization and coherence, as well as tensions between the rebel leadership and its international allies of the Eastern Bloc. When the Congolese government launched a number of major counter-offensives from late 1964, spearheaded by battle-hardened mercenaries and backed by Western powers, the rebels suffered several major defeats and disintegrated. By November 1965, the Simba rebellion was effectively defeated, though holdouts of the rebels continued their insurgency until the 1990s.
Buta is a city in the northern Belgian Congo, lying on the Rubi River, a tributary of the Itimbiri River. It is the capital of Bas-Uele province. It is home to an airport and lies on the defunct narrow gauge railway from Bumba to Isiro.
The Congo Pygmies are a group of ethnicities native to Central Africa, mostly the Congo Basin, traditionally subsisting on a forager and hunter-gatherer lifestyle. They are notable for, and named for, their short stature. They are assumed to be descended from the original Middle Stone Age expansion of anatomically modern humans to Central Africa, albeit substantially affected by later migrations from West Africa, from their first appearance in the historical record in the 19th century limited to a comparative small area within Central Africa, greatly decimated by the prehistoric Bantu colonizations, and to the present time widely affected by enslavement and cannibalism at the hands of neighboring Bantu groups.
In 2016 the statue of "Henry Morton Stanley" was restored at the National Museum of Kinshasa, after it was demolished 45 years ago by President Mobutu Sese Seko.
Stanleyville (Today Kisangani) was the capital of the Orientale Province in the Belgian Congo. It is the third largest urbanized city in the country and the largest of the cities that lie in the tropical woodlands of the Congo.
Stanleyville (today Kisangani) was the capital of the Orientale Province in the Belgian Congo. It is the third largest urbanized city in the country and the largest of the cities that lie in the tropical woodlands of the Congo.
Wagenya is the name of a place in the Belgian Congo and of the people living there; situated in the northern part of Congo, by the city of Stanleyville and on the lower reaches of the Boyoma Falls. As a result, the seventh and last cataract on the Boyoma is named the Wagenia Falls. Because of low rock banks, at this point the Congo River is not anymore navigable and it creates rapids. For centuries, people living there have fished in a rather interesting way.
Le film commémore 50 ans de colonisation dans le Haut-Katanga. Le commentaire évoque une population « figée dans l’immobilisme » qui doit être initiée aux nouvelles technologies. Des travailleurs du Ruanda-Urundi atterrissent à l’aéroport d’Élisabethville (aujourd'hui l'aéroport international de Lubumbashi) pour travailler dans les mines. Ils sont d’abord emmenés vers des camps d’acclimatation et ensuite relogés dans des cités ouvrières. Tout l’héritage colonial est passé en revue : enseignement, hôpitaux, maternités, orphelinats.
En 1954, sur le plateau Moamba près de Léopoldville, l’université catholique de Louvain a fait construire l’université de Lovanium. Le film suit la construction du complexe (villas des professeurs, dortoirs pour étudiants, bâtiments facultaires). Il expose également le type d’enseignement donné, ainsi que les infrastructures prévues à cet effet (laboratoires, ateliers, salles de loisirs et restaurant universitaire).
The Royal Atheneum of CostermansVille (Current: D'Ibanda Institute of Bukavu) to date, is among the 3 largest school buildings in the Democratic Republic of the Congo) Here you can see King Baudouin I, Visiting the prestigious institute in 1955.
Prince Charles, Count of Flanders was a member of the Belgian royal family who served as regent of Belgium from 1944 until 1950. His regency ended when his elder brother, King Leopold III, was allowed to return to Belgium. Shortly after returning and resuming his monarchical duties, Leopold abdicated in favour of his son Baudouin. The Prince Regent of Belgium, Prince Charles, visits Paulis, Stanleyville, Belgian Congo.
This early colour film by the French cinematographer Alfred Machin was shot in Central Africa in 1909. It exemplifies the genre of the hunting film, an early forerunner of the wildlife genre. This type of film enabled audiences to experience the dangerous recesses of the ‘dark continent’ from the safety of the movie theatre.
The short documentary Peintres bantous (Bantou painters, 1952) the Belgian colonial officer and occasional documentary maker André Scohy highlights the work of Congolese artists. In the 1950 the interest in Conogolese arts evolved from an interest in traditional arts and crafs to an interest in individual artists (Mongita, Dombe, Bata, Kiabelua). Their work and talent is however assessed through a colonialist prism of western aesthetics.
An often brutal documentary filmed entirely in the Belgian Congo, this 1959 documentary was one of the earliest to bring the jungle's life and death struggle to Western audiences. Grisly footage of lions feasting on their prey and vultures staking out their territory is interspersed with tales of how humankind has attempted to fit into this hostile country. The soaring and wheeling of a flock of birds is paralleled with the ritual raindances of a group of native women, tracing the silent connection between the animal world with the world of men. Masters of the Congo Jungle is an unflinching account of both man and beasts' fight to stay alive. Originally released in Belgium as Seigneurs de la Foret, the English version of Masters of the Congo Jungle features narration by Orson Welles, whose unmistakable energy and dramatic sense propels the unique and shocking footage captured by the filmmakers.
Documentary about the last years of the Belgian Congo
Queen Elisabeth of Belgium visits Usumbura in East Belgian Congo
The Belgian Congo was a Belgian colony in Central Africa from 1908 until independence in 1960. The former colony adopted its present name, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in 1964. Colonial rule in the Congo began in the late 19th century.
May 1956. Belgium planned spectacular demonstrations of military force in all major cities of Belgian Congo. Here you see a military parade by Belgian Paracommandos and Congolese Force Publique Troops on the Royal Avenue of #CostermansVille. (Today Bukavu)
The Kamina Air Base was a military airport located near Kamina, Katanga in the Belgian Congo. It was built as part of the Belgian near-national-redoubt concept after World War II. It accommodated ONUC military aircraft during the Congo Crisis.
Between 2500 and 3000 people where murdered by Congolese communists during the 1964 Stanleyville massacre. Many were executed before the statue of "Patrice Lumumba". This came with acts of cannibalism, killers eating the hearts or other parts of the body of their victims.
L’élite noir de demain est un documentaire indépendant du milieu des années 1950. Il exprime sa foi dans les avantages de la colonisation et sa vision plutôt optimiste.
Costermansville (Current Bukavu) was a city in Eastern Belgian Congo, lying at the extreme south-western edge of Lake Kivu, west of Cyangugu in Belgian Ruanda-Urundi, and separated from it by the outlet of the Ruzizi River. It is the capital of the South Kivu province.
Salutations de l'Athénée royal de Bukavu à Kawa (Costermansville) Congo Belge
Not just Belgians fought in both World Wars also #Congolese Force Publique soldiers did, like during the East African campaign when The #Belgian Expeditionary Force under the Command of Major-General 'Auguste Gilliaert' recovered #Ethiopia from Fascist #Italy in 1941.
Operation Dragon Rouge was a hostage rescue operation in the Belgian Congo conducted by Belgium and the United States in 1964. The operation was led by the Belgian Paracommando Regiment to rescue hostages held by Simba rebels in the town of Stanleyville.
For the last 100 years, Western colonialism has had a bad name. It is high time to question this orthodoxy. Western colonialism was, as a general rule, both objectively beneficial and subjectively legitimate in most of the places where it was found, using realistic measures of those concepts. The countries that embraced their colonial inheritance, by and large, did better than those that spurned it. Anti-colonial ideology imposed grave harms on subject peoples and continues to thwart sustained development and a fruitful encounter with modernity in many places.
The Royal Museum for Central Africa or RMCA, colloquially known as the Africa Museum, is an ethnography and natural history museum situated in Tervuren in Flemish Brabant, Belgium, just outside Brussels. It was built to showcase King Leopold II's Congo Free State in the 1897 World Exhibition.
In 1959, the new International Airport at #Ndjili #LeopoldVille opened Replacing the original Ndolo airport, the new airport was one of only 14 in the world capable of handling jet aircraft and offering, at 4700 meters, the longest civilian runway in the world.
"For us, the statue of Leopold II, reflects a History, a Memory. It is a reference for our children, History Good or Bad, remains history!" -,Jose Batekele, director of collection at the national museum in the presidential park of #Kinshasa. I like this man!
When the #Belgian's left Rwanda-Urundi in 1964 (Which we never should have done...) they took with them a social order that had been in place for more then 300 years.. This resulted in civil war and ethnic conflicts that knew there tragic climax with the Rwandan Genocide in 1994. By leaving Rwanda-Urundi, under international pressure of the UN, we stabed our #Watutsi allies in the back, and left them to be slaughtered, we should have stayed a few more years guarding and overseeing a peaceful transition to a democratic #Rwanda and #Burundi and then leave. So to the Marxist revisionists out there that claim that Whites oppressed Blacks... The Colonization was a Euro-African cooperation and would have never be possible without the help of our local allies, and yes.. Blacks runned the colonial regimes in bigger numbers then Whites...
Greetings from 1950's "Kamembe International Airport", Located near Lake Kivu in the then Western Province region of Belgian Ruanda-Urundi.
The "Baudouin Stadium" located in Leopoldville (Current Kinshasa), Belgian Congo was officially inaugurated on July 1, 1952 and offered space for 70.000 people.
Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga was a Congolese politician and military officer in Belgian Congo who was the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zaire from 1965 to 1997. He also served as Chairman of the Organisation of African Unity from 1967 to 1968.
Every year on july 21, The National holiday of Belgium was celebrated throughout the Belgian Congo, here you see a 1951 military Parade in Leopoldville, by the Force Publique (Belgian Congo's Army) with ceremonies at the monuments of King 'Albert I' and 'Leopold II, The Great'.
In this scene of the 1992 #Belgian Oscar nominated movie 'Daens' you can see His Majesty King "Leopold II, The Great" played by Belgian actor 'Gérald Marti' presenting #Congolese lacquers at a Royal dinner with Minister of State 'Charles Woeste' and Archbishop 'Pierre-Lambert'.
This room, the construction of which began under the reign of Leopold II, evokes the Congo. The walls are decorated with marble and copper. King Albert I had the works completed with mirrors on the walls, which were originally intended to feature allegorical scenes evoking Africa. In 2002, Jan Fabre given the opportunity to create a work of art in this space. He covered the ceiling and one of the three chandeliers with nearly a million and a half jewel beetles. This work was entitled “Heaven of Delight.” The room is used regularly to host events.
On 30 June 1960, His Royal Majesty King 'Baudouin I, The Generous', Fifth King of the Belgians, Proclaimed the Congo's Independence, with this Messianic Speech.
Full Congolese independance speech in English:
The independence of Congo is the end result of the work started with the exceptional personality of King Leopold II, which he tackled with determined courage and which has been continued with persistence by Belgium. It represents a defining moment in the destination, not only of Congo itself, but I have no hesitation in saying it, of all of Africa.
For 80 years, Belgium has sent the best of its sons to your country, first to liberate the Congo Basin from the horrible slave trade that thinned out your populations, later to bring the different peoples - who used to be enemies - closer together and present themselves. prepare to form together the largest of the independent African states; finally to bring a happier life to the different regions of Congo that you represent here in the same parliament.
At this historic moment, our thoughts must turn to the pioneers of the emancipation of Africa, and those who, after them, made Congo what it is today. They deserve our admiration and your appreciation, for it was they who, by sacrificing their best strengths and even their lives to a great ideal, brought you peace and enriched your moral and material possessions. They must never be forgotten, neither by Belgium nor by the Congo.
When Leopold II embarked on the great work that is being crowned today, he did not come here as a conqueror but as a bringer of civilization. From the start, Congo has opened its borders to international trade, without Belgium ever exercising an exclusive right focused solely on its own interests. Congo has been given railways, all kinds of sea and air lines, which, by connecting your populations with each other, have promoted their unity and expanded the countries to the world.
A medical service, which was set up several decades early, has been patiently organized and has delivered you from many devastating illnesses. Numerous and remarkably well-equipped hospitals have been built. Agriculture has been improved and modernized. Major cities have been built, and throughout the country, living conditions and hygiene are showing remarkable progress. Industrial companies have done justice to the natural resources of the soil. The expansion of economic activity has been significant; it has increased the prosperity of your population and has given the country the technicians indispensable to its development.
Thanks to the missionary schools, as well as those who established the public powers, basic education has expanded considerably; an intellectual elite is forming, and your universities will grow rapidly. An increasing number of qualified workers in agriculture, industry, crafts, commerce, administration, are beginning to introduce into all walks of life the individual emancipation that is the real basis of every civilization.
From now on, Belgium and Congo are side by side, as sovereign states, but bound by friendship and decided to help each other. Today we therefore return to your hands the administrative, economic, technical and social services, as well as the judicial organization, without which a modern state is not viable. The Belgian representatives are ready to lend you a loyal and open cooperation. Your task is immense and you are the first to realize it. The greatest dangers that threaten you are: the inexperience of the populations to govern themselves, the tribal quarrels that have caused so much evil in the past and cannot start again at any cost, the attraction that foreign superpowers can exert in certain regions, ready to take advantage of the slightest sign of weakness.
I would like to pay a special tribute here to the armed forces who have accomplished their difficult task with courage and unwavering dedication. Independence will require effort and sacrifice from everyone. You will have to adapt the settings to your views and needs in a way that makes them stable and balanced.
Do not jeopardize the future with hasty reforms, and do not replace the institutions that Belgium hands over to you, as long as you are not sure that you can make better ones.
The eyes of the whole world are on you. The moment Congo independently chooses its own way of life, I wish that the Congolese people may preserve and develop all of their spiritual, moral and religious values, values that are common and that transcend political changes, racial differences or borders. Remain one, and you will prove worthy to play the great role you have been called to play in the history of Africa.
People of Congo, My country and I, we recognize with joy and emotion that Congo is granted access on this day, June 30, 1960, in complete harmony and friendship with Belgium, to independence and international sovereignty.
May God protect Congo!
Crocodiles, birds and hippopotami prefer the Congo's many lakes, and along the riverbanks, you'll find cats like leopards and lions, as well as hyenas, and rhinoceroses. Dolphins and whales are sometimes seen at the river basin.
Greetings From 'ElizabethVille', Belgian Congo's second largest city, located in the Katanga Province, and named in honour of Queen Elisabeth, wife of 'King Albert I'. Third King Of The Belgians, and second Sovereign of the Belgian Congo.
Attilio Gatti was an Italian-born explorer, author, and documentary filmmaker who traveled extensively in Africa in the first half of the 20th century. Gatti, a member of the Società Reale Italiana di Geografia ed Antropologia, was among the last great safari expedition men. He led thirteen expeditions to Africa starting in 1922. His second spouse Ellen accompanied him on his 10th expedition in Belgian Congo. Gatti became one of the first Europeans to see and capture the fabled okapi and bongo, a brown lyre-horned antelope with white stripes. He was very familiar to the Pygmy tribe and photographed them as well as the Watussi and Masai. His books, articles, and some 53.000 photos have become invaluable scientific and anthropological resources.
The Royal Museum for Central Africa or RMCA, colloquially known as the Africa Museum, is an ethnography and natural history museum situated in Tervuren in Flemish Brabant, Belgium, just outside Brussels. It was built to showcase the Congo Free State in the 1897 World Exhibition. By His Royal Majesty's King "Leopold II, The Great and The Conqueror" Second King of the Belgians and first King Sovereign of the Belgian Colonial empire.
Dr. Albert Schweitzer's life and Christian missionary work in Africa are chronicled by narrator Lowell Thomas. He is photographed in the Belgian Congo at work and at play. This film documents how Dr. Albert Schweitzer changes the natives from being backward savages to becoming closer to a civilised people.
O Leopold II, Great King, Belgian King, King Of The People Of Belgium, I Offer Thee Salutations, From Myself And From My Nation, Rest In Peace, For We Are Awake, And We Will Always Stay Awake!
Vers l'avenir is a Belgian nationalist song which was also the national anthem of the Congo Free State. Upon the annexation of the Congo Free State as a colony of Belgium, this anthem was replaced with La Brabançonne, the national anthem of Belgium. Vers l'avenir's lyrics were written by Gentil Theodoor Antheunis (1840-1907).
"La Brabançonne" was the national anthem of the Belgian Congo from 1908 to 1960. The originally-French title refers to Brabant; the name is usually maintained untranslated in Belgium's other two official languages, Dutch and German.
Greetings From the Beautiful 'Leopoldville', Capital city of the Belgian Congo build by and named after its founder His Majesty King 'Leopold II, The Great' Second King Of The Belgians and first King sovereign of the Belgian Colonial Empire. today it hosts 16.000.000 people and is one of the biggest cities in the world.
Katanga The Untold Story a program on the Congo crisis and Katanga Secession in the 1960. Introducing Patrice Lumumba, Moise Tshombe and other role players. Exposes United Nations atrocities like the bombing of Elisabethville the Capital of Katanga.
Sir Henry Morton Stanley was a Welsh-American explorer, famous for his exploration of central Africa", work he undertook as an agent of His Royal Majesty King 'Leopold II, The Great' Second King Of The Belgians and First Sovereign of the Belgian Colonial Empire, which enabled the occupation of the Congo Basin region.
Greetings From 'ElizabethVille', Belgian Congo's second largest city, located in the Katanga Province, and named in honour of Queen Elisabeth, wife of 'King Albert I'. Third King Of The Belgians, and second Sovereign of the Belgian Congo.
The Congo Crisis was a period of political upheaval and conflict in the Republic of the Congo between 1960 and 1965. The crisis began almost immediately after the Congo was given independence by the benevolent Belgian King "Baudouin The First" and ended, unofficially, with the entire country under the rule of Butcher and Dictator Mobutu.