#leopoldii

Léopold II, roi aux ambitions immenses, bâtisseur d'Empire, bâtisseur de villes, d'ensembles monumentaux, de grandes avenues... Ce document sur le deuxième roi des Belges revisite l'oeuvre urbaine et architecturale d'un règne de près de 45 ans.

6 days, 15 hours ago

Léopold II était-il un grand roi? Le monarque a dirigé la Belgique de 1865 jusqu'à sa mort en 1909 et a été le souverain de l'État indépendant du Congo pendant 23 ans. Cependant, la vie de Léopold englobait bien plus que le passé colonial de la Belgique. Le roi s'est battu pour la défense et l'indépendance économique de sa nation naissante. Dans ses relations avec les chefs d’État et les médias, il a fait preuve d’une grande sagesse politique, voire d’une ruse. Il a dirigé la Belgique à l'une de ses périodes les plus agitées. Après Napoléon et le Roi Soleil, le roi Léopold II est l'une des figures historiques les plus importantes et les plus colorées de l'histoire.

6 days, 18 hours ago

During the 19th century, progress in construction techniques, especially the use of metal and glass as construction materials, made a new type of building possible: the greenhouse. In 1873, architect Alphonse Balat designed for King Leopold II a complex of greenhouses which complement the castle of Laeken, built in the classical style. The complex has the appearance of a glass city set in an undulating landscape.

The monumental pavilions, glass cupolas, wide arcades that cross the site like covered streets, are much more than an anecdote on the architectural applications of iron and glass or on little greenhouses of exotic plants. What the Royal Greenhouses express concerns architecture and, specifically, a major construction programme: the "Ideal Glass Palace". They are the culmination of various meetings, letters, sketches and plans exchanged between architect Alphonse Balat and King Leopold II. But above all, they inspired the new Belgian architecture of the day, and their influence spread, with Art Nouveau, throughout the world.

6 days, 20 hours ago

The Brussels International Exposition of 1897 was a World's fair held in Brussels, Belgium, from 10 May 1897 through 8 November 1897. There were 27 participating countries, and an estimated attendance of 7.8 million people. The main venues of the fair were the Cinquantenaire Parks, as well as a colonial section at Tervuren. The two exposition sites were linked by a purpose-built tramway.

6 days, 20 hours ago

Reportage sur Léopoldville, ancienne capitale du Congo belge.

1 week ago

This conversation about King Leopold II takes place between a Black Nigerian female scholar who believes 19th-century European imperialism embodies Africa's golden age, and a phony White Liberal Woke activist who thinks he is speaking on behalf of all Africans...

Follow on Twitter: https://twitter.com/BasedCongo
Follow Professor Gilley on Twitter: https://twitter.com/BruceDGilley

1 week ago

Leopold II ontmoet Belgen uit het voormalige Leopoldstad

1 week, 1 day ago

His Majesty 'Leopold II, The Great, King of the Belgians, and his daughter Princess Clementine Albertina Maria Leopoldina, wife of Prince Victor Napoléon, Pretender to the Crown of France make their last Triumphal Procession in Belgium's second largest city Antwerp in 1908.

1 week, 1 day ago

His Imperial Majesty King "Leopold II, The Great" Second King of the Belgians and First King Sovereign of the Belgian Colonial Empire.

1 week, 1 day ago

De Nationale Basiliek van het Heilig Hart, ook bekend als de Basiliek van Koekelberg, is een kerk op de grens van Koekelberg en Ganshoren. De basiliek werd gebouwd tussen 1905 en 1970. De uiteindelijke versie werd ontworpen door de Gentse architect Albert Van Huffel. De enorme basiliek - grootste kerk van België -, gebouwd in art-decostijl, is een Belgisch monument en wordt gebruikt voor grote vieringen, zowel in het Nederlands als in het Frans.

1 week, 1 day ago

He's Back, Belgium's Greatest King: His Royal Majesty 'Leopold II, The Great' Second King of The Belgians and First King Sovereign of the the Belgian Colonial Empire.

1 week, 1 day ago

Vlaams Belang Politicus 'Filip Dewinter' een man met ballen uit één stuk die geen achterbakse lafaard is zoals de meeste andere politici in ons land, licht zijn standpunt openhartig, eerlijk en met respect toe over Kolonialisme, Belgisch Congo, Leopold II, en de hypocriete Woke revolutie die het Westen overspoeld op dit moment.

Bekijk de hele podcast hier: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UwTI9gPAvuM
Volg Charly op Twitter: https://twitter.com/talkswithcharly
Volg Filip Dewinter op Twitter: https://twitter.com/FDW_VB

1 week, 2 days ago

De renbaan van Groenendaal kwam er onder invloed van Koning Leopold II. Hij vond de hippodroom van Bosvoorde te klein en te grillig en besliste in 1887 dat er een nieuwe baan moest komen zonder scherpe bochten en groter dan de koninklijke Wellingtonrenbaan van Oostende.

De openingsrit in Groenendaal werd gereden op 22 juli 1889. In 1891 werd de renbaan aangesloten op het spoorwegnet met een aftakking van de lijn Brussel-Namen. Twee jaar later werd de renbaan wereldberoemd toen de baan van 3600 meter aangevuld werd met een baan van een rechte mijl (1600 meter). In 1910 ging men nog een stap verder, met de aanleg van een aparte achtvormige hindernissenbaan. Groenendaal werd zo de enige renbaan met drie afzonderlijke pistes voor drie verschillende disciplines. In totaal goed voor meer dan negen kilometer piste.

Langs de renbaan stonden vroeger twee metalen tribunes met smeedijzeren versieringen. Daartussen stond de loge van Koning Leopold II. Naast de tribunes werden er doorheen de jaren nog verschillende andere gebouwen opgetrokken. Er kwam een waag waar de jockeys zich voor de wedstrijd moesten wegen, een infirmerie waar zowel paard als jockey terecht konden na een ongeluk en een jockeyzaal waar de rijders zich konden omkleden. Verder waren er nog een bookmakerspaviljoen, toiletten en verschillende stallingen.

1 week, 2 days ago

Leopold werd uitgehuwelijkt op 18-jarige leeftijd. Op 22 augustus 1853 huwde hij in Brussel met aartshertogin Maria Hendrika van Oostenrijk. Zij was de kleindochter van keizer Leopold II en haar vader aartshertog Jozef van Oostenrijk was paltsgraaf van Hongarije. Keizer Frans Jozef verleende Leopold de orde van het Gulden Vlies als huwelijksgeschenk. Na de dood van kroonprins Leopold verzuurde het huwelijk tussen Leopold en Maria Hendrika. Na de geboorte van hun jongste dochter Clementine ontstond er een breuk tussen de twee echtgenoten. Omdat zijn enige zoon en troonopvolger Leopold op jonge leeftijd overleed, werd zijn broer, prins Filips, graaf van Vlaanderen, de wettige troonopvolger; maar daar deze nagenoeg doof was, achtte Leopold hem niet in staat de Belgische troon te bestijgen. Hij vestigde zijn hoop op diens zoon Boudewijn, die echter eveneens vroegtijdig stierf. Uiteindelijk stierf ook Filips nog vóór Leopold, en werd Leopold II rechtstreeks opgevolgd door Albert, Boudewijns jongere broer.

1 week, 2 days ago

This video is specially for the Corporate sponsored Hate group "Black Lives Matter". Which is sponsored by the same Multinationals as for example the American Corporation Goodyear which is founded in 1889, and who extracted Rubber from the Congo Free State with slave labor behind the back of King Leopold II who when he was informed about this abuse immediately put an end to it, and threw them out of the Congo by royal decree.

1 week, 2 days ago

His Majesty King 'Albert I and Princess Clementine reveal and present the National Leopold II Monument in Brussels, of Belgium's All Time Greatest Marshal, His Majesty King 'Leopold II, The Great, Second King of the Belgians and first King Sovereign of the Belgian Colonial Empire.

1 week, 2 days ago

The Mirror Room, the construction of which began under the reign of Leopold II, evokes the Congo. The walls are decorated with marble and copper. King Albert I had the works completed with mirrors on the walls, which were originally intended to feature allegorical scenes evoking Africa. In 2002, Jan Fabre given the opportunity to create a work of art in this space. He covered the ceiling and one of the three chandeliers with nearly a million and a half jewel beetles. This work was entitled “Heaven of Delight.” The room is used regularly to host events.

1 week, 2 days ago

The Throne Room was Built under the reign of His Majesty 'King Leopold II, The Great' and is decorated in the centre by four low reliefs by Auguste Rodin. They represent the economic activities symbolising the Belgian provinces, with the exception of that of Brabant which hosts the Palace on its territory. The Scheldt and the Meuse, symbols of Flanders and Wallonia, by Thomas Vinçotte, are above the doors. Parquet in oak and exotic woods, and bronze and gilded chandeliers confer a monumental and prestigious appearance to the throne room.

1 week, 4 days ago

Film éducatif pour les enfants des années 40 .. Personnellement, je ne me souviens pas avoir reçu de cours à l'école sur le #CongoBelge. Je pense que la plupart des gens de ma génération et tous ceux nés après 1980 ne savaient même pas qu'il y avait un État indépendant du Congo, ou que #Rwanda et #Burundi faisaient autrefois partie de l'Empire colonial belge.

1 week, 5 days ago

"For us, the statue of Leopold II, reflects a History, a Memory. It is a reference for our children, History Good or Bad, remains history!" -,Jose Batekele, director of collection at the national museum in the presidential park of #Kinshasa. I like this man!

1 week, 6 days ago

'Villa Leopolda' located on the French Riviera Is te most expensive Villa in the world, designed by the American architect, 'Ogden Codman' it was a present for 'Blanche Zélia Joséphine Delacroix', the then mistress from His Royal Majesty King 'Leopold II.

1 week, 6 days ago

In this scene of the 1992 Belgian Oscar nominated movie 'Daens' you can see His Majesty King "Leopold II, The Great" played by Belgian actor 'Gérald Marti' presenting Congolese lacquers at a Royal dinner with Minister of State 'Charles Woeste' and Archbishop 'Pierre-Lambert'.

1 week, 6 days ago

Medio negentiende eeuw komt de ontsluiting van het Centraal-Afrikaanse binnenland op gang. In 1866 verkent David Livingstone (1813-1873) de omgeving van het Tanganika meer en in 1875 ontdekt de Brit Verney Lovett-Cameron (1844-1894) de bovenlopen van de Lualaba en de Kasai rivier, beide belangrijke zijrivieren van de Congostroom.

De interesse van Leopold II is uiteraard gewekt en bijna onmiddellijk daarna, in 1876, richt hij in een pand aan de Naamsestraat te Brussel de “Association Internationale Africaine” (AIA) op. Deze instelling krijgt als opdracht de Afrikaanse kolonisatieplannen van Leopold II nauwgezet voor te bereiden. Via onder meer de bankier Léon Lambert (de latere oprichter van de Bank Brussel-Lambert, nu ING) en schoonzoon van de Rothschilds kan hij vrij vlug de nodige fondsen bijeenbrengen om verscheidene expedities te bekostigen die vanuit Zanzibar het Centraal-Afrikaanse binnenland verder moeten verkennen. Leopold II doet hiervoor een beroep op Henry Morton Stanley (1841-1904). Die slaagt erin om in 1879 de Congorivier af te varen en enige tijd later aan de monding van de rivier een handelspost te stichten die hij, verwijzend naar zijn opdrachtgever, Leopoldstad noemt, het latere Kinshasa.

Op de Conferentie van Berlijn in 1885, eigenlijk niet meer dan een assemblée van een vijftiental landen die onder elkaar het Afrikaanse continent wilden verdelen, haalt Leopold II eindelijk zijn slag binnen. Verwijzend naar de expedities die hij via het AIA had laten financieren claimt hij het ganse gebied rond de Congostroom. De toenmalige grootmachten die aan de conferentie deelnamen hadden geen enkele interesse voor deze regio en gingen akkoord met de aanspraken die de Belgische vorst naar voren bracht. Congo-Vrijstaat was geboren.

1 week, 6 days ago

O King Leopold II, Great King, Belgian King, King Of The People Of Belgium, I Offer Thee Salutations, From Myself And From My Nation, Rest In Peace, For We Are Awake, And We Will Always Stay Awake!

1 week, 6 days ago

A popular claim floating around the internet is that King Leopold II, between the years 1885 and 1908 when he ruled the area of the modern Democratic Republic of Congo, killed 10 million people. This area was known as the “Congo Free State”, and in 1908 the Belgian government formally took over the area. This is based on claims in a book by Adam Hochschild, who is a co-founder of the publication Mother Jones. If there was a massive genocide, it appears to have been lower than the natural population growth rate. The population growth rate of the Congo from 1950 to 2016 has been around 2.8%. This results in a doubling roughly every 27 years. G-B’s estimate for year on-year growth averages to 2.3%.

And another reason to think this is that the Congo’s share of the population of Africa has increased from 1950 to 2016. And so the Congo’s population relative to the rest of Africa was probably lower in 1885 to 1900 than it is today. If someone was given an assignment to estimate the population of the Congo Free State in 1900, and didn’t know about the “10 million” killed by Leopold and thus what the population had to have been for that to be possible, they wouldn’t come anywhere near 20 million. They would come to a mid-range estimate of 7 million, with the highest plausible being around 10.7 million, with an absolute maximum of 15.2 million, a low estimate of around 4 million, and an absolute minimum of 3.1 million.

There are two more important facts to consider. The first is that there were roughly 200 Europeans in the Congo Free State administration at any one time, versus around 13,000 black FP troops at any one time. And so the mutilating, raping and killing that was done had to have been done overwhelmingly by the black FP troops. Secondly, there were no orders or policy to mutilate, rape or kill without cause any of the Congolese. And while there may have been some white people who engaged in these acts, it was almost certainly lower on a per-capita basis, but even if all 200 of the whites were vicious killers and sadists who traveled to the Congo because they knew they could get away with it there, there’s only so much 200 men could have done.

Between 1892 and 1894, the Congo Free State was at war with Tippu Tip, and had begun advancing westward, using an incident at a fort in which Tips forces attacked and defeated an FP garrison due to a dispute over a slave girl. And so if a dishonest or ignorant newspaper editor got some pictures or description of a battle in that war, he would have plenty of gory pictures and gruesome details, and he could then say, “this is Leopold’s Congo” to dishonestly seed the idea that this was normal Congo Free State policy for all Congolese.

In addition, if say some men in the FP chopped off the hands of 20 people, well, 20 images can fill up an entire page, and would make it look like mutilation is happening all the time; and he could then say, “this is Leopold’s Congo”. Leopold’s Congo did not have any form of population statistics. And so there is no record of how many people died in the Congo; this makes it easy for people to pull numbers out of there. Moreover, it is the Congo, it is a place where people die all the time for horrible reasons and live in conditions that Europeans even at that time would consider torture. 200 Belgian administrators are not going to change that.

In addition, some journalists can come in and take photos of people with their hands cut off, and then say “look, this is going on in King Leopold’s Congo” and the reader is then to make assumptions. The rubber quota was just a form of taxation. In fact, throughout history, labor rendered to the state was the most common way in which people paid taxes, since most people didn’t have currency. And that is how most of the Congolese paid their taxes, and Leopold’s policy was that no man’s tax should be over 40 hours per month.

In terms of cutting off limbs, that was a practice that predates and postdates Leopold’s Congo. In addition, several of the photos of Africans with limbs chopped off have Europeans posing with them; do you imagine that they would pose with them if they had done it themselves? Do you think they would want to take photos because they were proud of doing that themselves?

And activists, looking for a flashy number, say “10 million” and quickly cobble together imagery, anecdotes and personal accounts, without doing the first level of research and ask “is this possible” or try to figure out if indicators of past population showed a decline or increase in population over the period. A similar thing happened in Britain during the industrial revolution as politicians learned of the frightful conditions of factories, ignorant of the fact that it was an improvement of the even more frightful conditions of peasant life.

1 week, 6 days ago

Leopold II wordt geboren als tweede zoon van de Leopold I en Louise-Marie van Orléans. Omdat zijn oudere broer, Lodewijk Filips, op jonge leeftijd sterft volgt Leopold zijn vader op als koning als deze in 1865 overlijdt. Als Leopold vijftien jaar is, overlijdt zijn moeder. Drie jaar later trouwt hij met Maria-Henriëtta van Habsburg-Lorreinen, de aartshertogin van Oostenrijk. Ze krijgen vier kinderen: Louise-Marie, Leopold, Stéphanie en Clémentine.

1 week, 6 days ago

Belgian Socialist Party #Vooruit Under Leadership of Shadow Mayor and Socialist Party Leader 'Louise Tobback' of Louvain and his North African servant, Muslim Migrant 'Mohamed Ridouani' are destroying our Great Belgian History and Heritage by removing 'Leopold II, The Great' Statues from city house and Libary! These Satan worshippers are the biggest Cowards this country has ever known, remember them next time, when you cast your vote, remember what they did to us, how they destroyed the Imperial City of Brussels and Antwerp with mass Migration and Islam, and how they are now destroying the last remaining History and heritage of our great country! They hate you and everything you stand for!

4 months ago

Migrant Thugs, Criminals and Domestic Terrorists of #BlackLivesMatter destroy a bust of their father and first King 'Leopold II, The Great' in Brussels, The King that brought them civilization...

4 months ago

Belgium's second King "Leopold II The Great" wanted to makes his mark on the country's history with splendid buildings, most of which can be found in Brussels, they date back to his time, and rival those in any other major European city.

4 months, 2 weeks ago