Salvini on amnesty law, plasma treatment and recent migrant landings in Lamepusa, English subtitles
notes with timestamps:
0:01 mega-amnesty: This is part of the wider "Rilancio" (relaunch) stimulus and support package announced on Wednesday 13th May. The amnesty only covers people working in the following three sectors: agriculture, domestic care (looking after the elderly etc.) and domestic help (maids, cleaners etc).
There are two parts to the amnesty:
1 - If you are an illegal immigrant and are currently being employed in one of these sectors, your employer can now secure a work permit for you. If you are an Italian or a legal immigrant being employed "in nero" ("in the black", not declared to the authorities), your employer can now also make your employment official without legal penalty (there is a charge of 400 euros per worker, paid by the employer).
2 - If you are a (non EU) foreigner and are not currently employed, but you can show that you have worked in Italy in one of the three sectors listed above (agriculture, domestic carers and domestic helpers), you can apply for a temporary 6-month residence permit, which allows you to look for a job (in those sectors). This will only apply to people whose residence permit expired after October (so people who have been in Italy for a long time without a permit are not eligible). If you get a job within those six months, you will then be given a work permit. This process costs the worker 160 euros
The work permits provided in (1) and (2) are not permanent, but equally their length is not stated in the decree either. Most likely, their length will be linked to the length of the job contract / job offer secured. However they could also be renewed in the future.
In both (1) and (2), only people already present in Italy before March 8th are eligible.
It is unclear how many immigrants will benefit from the amnesty.
Salvini was speaking in this video (5th May) before the exact details of the decree were revealed (13th May).
200,000 - 250,000 seems to be the consensus in the articles I have read.
The motivation behind the amnesty was:
1 - to address labour shortages, especially in agriculture, and especially due to the 200,000 seasonal workers from eastern Europe who cannot enter Italy due to the coronoavirus
2 - to take workers (both Italian and foreign) out of the black economy and fight the phenomenon of "caporalato" (black market gangmasters who exploit workers).
For an idea of how these black market farm labourers live see my video where Salvini toured a notorious migrant camp where many of the inhabitants worked "in nero" for gangmasters on nearby farms https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SNOPsuEKc6E
3 - to secure better access to health services for the immigrants during the coronavirus crisis
The amnesty was pushed by the PD (centre-left) and IV (centre / liberal). Five Star, the other major party in the coalition, was much less keen and wanted the job-seeker permit to be for one month, not six. The perception in the media is that Five Star backed down.
Teresa Bellanova (IV), the Minister for Agriculture, broke down in tears when announcing the amnesty. For her, fighting exploitation of "in nero" farm workers has long been a goal.
0:15 maxi-sanatoria = mega-amnesty. "Maxi" means "really big". It doesn't mean "mass" (that would be "di massa").
0:15 regularisation = to make regular, to make official, to make normal, to make legal, to make legitimate. Italian has three terms: amnistia (amnesty), regolarizzazione (regularisation) and sanatoria (this doesn't have an equivalent in English but means regularisation, it means to make "sano" / regular). These three terms are largely interchangeable. Salvini uses the term sanatoria in this video, which is the term most widely used in the media.
0:16 illegal immigrants = in this video Salvini uses the term "immigrati clandestini" (clandestine immigrants). This is widely used in Italy for illegal immigrants. Clandestine = hidden. Clandestini is also the term used for stow-aways. Other terms used in Italy are immigrati "illegali" (illegal) or immigrati "irregolari" (irregular / undocumented / without permission).
Due to character limits I will post the rest of the notes in the comment section below
Date of this video: 5th March 2020
Music used at end: Nat Keefe with The Bow Ties - "Dude, where's my horse"
All translation and subtitling is my own original work.
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