Rise and Fall of the Spartans | Code of Honor (Episode 1)
A 2002 History Channel History Documentary narrated by Edward Herman.
The documentary analyzes one of the most important civilizations of all times. Rise and Fall of the Spartans addresses questions as fundamental as education, military strategy and the spartan lifestyle, supported by testimony of expert historians.
Episode 1: It analyze the social structure and governance of Sparta. Their strong moral sense and stoic way of life, without superfluous luxuries and always attentive to the needs of the government, made them a prosperous people who sought equality among its citizens. The art of war, which were not too innovative on, despite having forged a legend, controlled the rest of the facets of social life. Thus, the arts, such as architecture, poetry or drama had no place within the Spartan model, contrary to what happened in flourishing Athens. Violence and the conquest became the only accepted way of life, for which the government should interfere in all aspects of social life. This explains how just after birth the first selection was taking place : those children born with a defect or that would not be fit for war were abandoned by their parents. This unique method ensured the possibility of having a strong race of warriors, who perpetuated the Spartan model. The strict military training which children were submitted to from seven years on, and the full and absolute dedication of women to the task of bringing children into the world became one of the pillars on which rested spartan civilization. Code of honor deepened further in the sharp division that sought to achieve social stability, order and, above all, obedience.
It was the year 480 a. C.. At the straits near the city of Salamis, a phalanx of 7,000 Greeks and 300 Spartan warriors are moving against the forces of hundreds of Persian invaders. During three days of heavy fighting, the decimated ranks of Spartans bear the onslaught of the Persian attacks, in a matchless resistance which seriously undermined the morale of the enemy invader. This was one of the defining moments in the history of the West. Who fought a losing battle in advance to defend their virtue and their country? What kind of men methodically fought to escape death? This segment explores the mainstays of life in Sparta, including society, the government and how to build marriages.
𝐃𝐈𝐒𝐂𝐋𝐀𝐈𝐌𝐄𝐑: 𝐀𝐥𝐥 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐯𝐢𝐝𝐞𝐨𝐬, 𝐬𝐨𝐧𝐠𝐬, 𝐢𝐦𝐚𝐠𝐞𝐬, 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐠𝐫𝐚𝐩𝐡𝐢𝐜𝐬 𝐮𝐬𝐞𝐝 𝐢𝐧 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐯𝐢𝐝𝐞𝐨 𝐛𝐞𝐥𝐨𝐧𝐠 𝐭𝐨 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐢𝐫 𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐩𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐨𝐰𝐧𝐞𝐫𝐬 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐈 𝐨𝐫 𝐭𝐡𝐢𝐬 𝐜𝐡𝐚𝐧𝐧𝐞𝐥 𝐝𝐨𝐞𝐬 𝐧𝐨𝐭 𝐜𝐥𝐚𝐢𝐦 𝐚𝐧𝐲 𝐫𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝐨𝐯𝐞𝐫 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦.
𝐂𝐨𝐩𝐲𝐫𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝐃𝐢𝐬𝐜𝐥𝐚𝐢𝐦𝐞𝐫 𝐮𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐫 𝐬𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝟏𝟎𝟕 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐂𝐨𝐩𝐲𝐫𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝐀𝐜𝐭 𝐨𝐟 𝟏𝟗𝟕𝟔, 𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐨𝐰𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞 𝐢𝐬 𝐦𝐚𝐝𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐫 “𝐟𝐚𝐢𝐫 𝐮𝐬𝐞” 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐩𝐮𝐫𝐩𝐨𝐬𝐞𝐬 𝐬𝐮𝐜𝐡 𝐚𝐬 𝐜𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐜𝐢𝐬𝐦, 𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭, 𝐧𝐞𝐰𝐬 𝐫𝐞𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠, 𝐭𝐞𝐚𝐜𝐡𝐢𝐧𝐠, 𝐬𝐜𝐡𝐨𝐥𝐚𝐫𝐬𝐡𝐢𝐩, 𝐞𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐞𝐚𝐫𝐜𝐡. 𝐅𝐚𝐢𝐫 𝐮𝐬𝐞 𝐢𝐬 𝐚 𝐮𝐬𝐞 𝐩𝐞𝐫𝐦𝐢𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐛𝐲 𝐜𝐨𝐩𝐲𝐫𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐮𝐭𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐦𝐢𝐠𝐡𝐭 𝐨𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐰𝐢𝐬𝐞 𝐛𝐞 𝐢𝐧𝐟𝐫𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐢𝐧𝐠.
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