Connections - The Wheel of Fortune - S1E5
"The Wheel of Fortune" traces astrological knowledge in ancient Greek manuscripts from Baghdad's founder, Caliph Al-Mansur, via the Muslim monastery/medical school at Gundeshapur, to the medieval Church's need for alarm clocks (the water horologium and the verge and foliot clock). The clock mainspring gave way to the pendulum clock, but the latter could not be used by mariners, thus the need for precision machining by way of Huntsman's improved steel (1797) and Maudslay's use (1800) of Ramsden's idea of using a screw to better measure (which he took from the turner's trade). This process made a better mainspring and was also used by the Royal Navy to make better blocks. Le Blanc mentioned this same basic idea to Thomas Jefferson, who transmitted this "American system of manufactures" – precision machine-tooling of musket parts for interchangeability – to New Englanders Eli Whitney, John Hall, and Simeon North. The American efficiency expert Frank Gilbreth and his psychologist wife later improved the whole new system of the modern production line.
Connections explores an "Alternative View of Change" that rejects the conventional linear and teleological view of historical progress. James Burke contends that one cannot consider the development of any particular piece of the modern world in isolation. Rather, the entire gestalt of the modern world is the result of a web of interconnected events, each one consisting of a person or group acting for reasons of their own motivations (e.g., profit, curiosity, religion) with no concept of the final, modern result to which the actions of either them or their contemporaries would lead. The interplay of the results of these isolated events is what drives history and innovation, and is also the main focus of the series.
Season One (1978)
part 1 https://www.bitchute.com/video/oz3SwIShJLxw/
part 2 https://www.bitchute.com/video/w3kiAlAOgvCu/
part 3 https://www.bitchute.com/video/C2lPN3gSMuDM/
part 4 https://www.bitchute.com/video/SCrI8xADTbCf/
part 5 https://www.bitchute.com/video/NFKce7FSh9TR/
part 6 https://www.bitchute.com/video/Wky0kuqDVxRO/
part 7 https://www.bitchute.com/video/6rXgBWw9zPcR/
part 8 https://www.bitchute.com/video/vxF9OPU5T28U/
part 9 https://www.bitchute.com/video/xj3ECM24x9g4/
part 10 https://www.bitchute.com/video/iHI4RX2KSOvs/
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