A book, document, or database containing lists of words and associated information usually in alphabetical order.
History and Etymology
Derived from the Latin dictionarius meaning wordbook or collection of phrases.According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word dictionarius was first used in english, as the title of a textbook on Latin composition by a teacher named John of Garland in the 13th century.In the 16th century early Dictionaries began appearing containing lists of words and their translations into other languages or dialects. Initially these dictionaries where english to latin, and later for modern languages.Translation dictionaries did exist before this but went by different names.In the 17th century the word dictionary was applied to books that contained lists of “Hard Words” and their explanations. The earliest printed dictionary of hard words was Robert Cawdrey's Table Alphabeticall of 1604.In 1755 Samuel Johnson published the first comprehensive dictionary of the English Language.Descriptivism vs. Prescriptivism When Samuel Johnson set out on his quest to create an