Reason is the planet's leading source of news, politics, and culture from a libertarian perspective. Go to reason.com for a point of view you won't get from legacy media and old left-right opinion magazines. --------------- Rule 1. The First Amendment protects all ideas–loving, hateful, or in between.
In the United States, "hate speech" is just a political label, like "un-American speech" or "rude speech." Some people use the phrase broadly, some more narrowly–but there's no legal definition, because there is no "hate speech" exception to the First Amendment.
Rule 2. Some speech is not protected by the First Amendment, but that's true regardless of whether it's bigoted or hateful.
For instance, threats of violence are constitutionally unprotected.
Rule 3. Hate crime laws are constitutional, so long as they punish violence or vandalism, not speech.
The law often punishes people more because of why they did what they did. Killing someone for money will get you a harsher punishment than killing them out of momentary anger. Likewise, firing an employee because of his race will get you a civil lawsuit; firing an employee for most other reasons won't.
Written by Eugene Volokh, a First Amendment law professor at UCLA. Produced and edited by Austin Bragg, who is not.
This is the second episode of Free Speech Rules, a video series on free speech and the law. Volokh is the co-founder of the Volokh Conspiracy, which is hosted at Reason.com.
This is not legal advice. If this were legal advice, it would be followed by a bill. Please use responsibly.