[Isaiah 28:1-ff] The destruction of Israel or Ephraim; the drunkenness, sin and folly of Judah; the danger of alliances with Egypt; and they to be reduced by the Assyrians. The date of this chapters must be assigned to a date prior to the capture of Samaria by the Assyrians 722 B.C. and the fall of the northern kingdom. Here, therefore, is an undisputed example of predictive prophecy. The chapter may be divided: (1) Samaria's luxury, drunkenness, and infidelity pave the way for their ruin [Isaiah 28:1-6]. (2) Even the rulers and the religious leaders are no more than filthy drunkards [Isaiah 28:7,8]. (3) The nobility of Ephraim mock [Isaiah 28:9-10]. (4) Isaiah gives God's response to their mockery [Isaiah 11:13]. (5) Judah joins Ephraim in their scoffing rejection of the Lord and takes refuge in a "refuge of lies" [Isaiah 28:14-15]. (6)The true refuge is laid by God in Zion, "the stone," tried, precious, comer [Isaiah 28:16-19]. This verse used as a metaphor [cf: Ephesians 2:19-22, Isaiah 8:6, Isaiah 8:13-16, Zechariah 3:9, Daniel 2:34-35, Romans 9:32-33, Psalm 118:18-21, Matthew 21:42-46, Acts 4:6-13, Romans 9:33, Romans 10:11, I Peter 2:1-10]. Isaiah 9:1-5 Is not a prophecy of immediate future when Isaiah delivered it; but predictive prophecy of "last Days" Old Testament related to times of Messiah. Anguish came upon Zeb'-u-lun & Naph'-ta-li in pre-Christian era due partially to their location on northern border of Promised land. They were first to reap bitter fruit of repeated invasions; and Isaiah's prophecy here shows that treatment of lands of these tribes was worse than that of some others, and they would also be first to enjoy benefits of Christ's Preaching coming kingdom. Look at fulfillment passage from Matthew 4:12-16 [Isaiah 9:6-7]. Five names given the coming Messiah are understood in various ways. Most important is how we understand these five names. It may be these are ..