Making carboxy METHYLBENZENE so i can then do a soda lime decarboxylation to make METHYLBENZENE (toluene)...........Got tired of extracting SMALL quantities out of strippers and auto parts cleaner so i figured i would just make some instead...............There is going to be a part 2 and probably a part 3 to this video.....HOWEVER.......i am taking the month off to heal my back and get my house in order. My subscribers and views is just frozen in time and it is very depressing. If youtube did not delete my channel i would have around a 1000 subscribers right now and instead i barely have 50. ALWAYS REMEMBER SCIENCE IS GREAT AND HAVE A GREAT MONTH............HOPEFULLY I WILL BE BACK SOON WITH PART 2 AND 3.............AND THEN A SODA LIME DECARBOXYLATION REACTION WITH THE TOLUIC ACID (carboxy methyl benzene) TO MAKE TOLUENE (methyl benzene)................PURE PURE PURE PURE PURE methylbenzene (toluene)
I found a conpiracy "flat earth" type guy on youtube ....... editing video of another youtuber ..... Cody's Lab"......and posting it to prove his lies which would not be bad but he edited out the part where cody says the total oppistie of what ODD reality is saying. And then saying cody agrees with him.......He KNOWINGLY edited out what cody really said....... here is the edited video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9i97_K9Sx8 Now ODDreality steals 2 videos but this one is at 4:41 in to the video. That is where cody's video is played on ODDreality's video.........NOW HERE IS THE UNEDITED VIDEO BY CODYS LAB https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Cx9mNnky2U Notice at the end of codys lab where he says and explains the opposite of what ODDreality ....around 12:30 in the video.......SO ODD reality KNEW HE WAS LIEING WHEN HE EDITED CODY'S VIDEO TO FEED HIS GULABLE VIEWERS
FOR EXACT BOILING POINTS OF LIQUIDS DISTILLED UNDER VACUUM...........If you want to know what pressure your vacuum pump can pump down to...OR... the temperature to distill something when you are distilling at "lower than atmospheric pressure" then this site is for you...........this site you can plug in the vacuum pressure and the boiling point at normal pressure and it will tell you the new boiling point at the vacuum you plugged in. Or you can distill some water under vacuum and see what temp it distills at and then go to the computer site and plug in the boiling point and the normal boiling point (100 C). and it will tell you what vacuum your pump is pulling.
I got this kiln for free like a year ago and still haven't used it. But i will sooner or later. It has temperature control but just number 1 threw 5 on the dial. No degrees are shown. It gets hot quick though. Maybe do some calcinations. Melt metals. Also need it to anneal lab glass and other glass things i am trying to make with an propane/oxy torch and a methane/oxy torch. Hopefully i will get the torch this winter. I been saying that for 3 winters now though ...so.....
My next video on getting methylbenzene (toluene) will NOT be an extraction but a SYNTHESIS. I am actually in the middle of the experiment right now where i take mixed xylenes and oxidize with DILUTE nitric acid by refluxing. Now that only makes toluic acid(methyl benzoic acid). But just like when you do a soda lime decarboxylation with benzoic acid to make benzene you can do the same with toluic acid but instead of making benzene you will make methylbenzene (toluene).................the reason why........So far i tried to distill out some methylbenzene (toluene) out of auto parts cleaner and then i tried it with the azeotrope method to extract because my yield was so low but i still got the same low yield. So i tried this brush cleaner in this video and i used the azeotrope way to extract because it gives a more pure product but you add so much alcohol i do not know if it is worth it. What i learned is that they do not put much toluene in products near my area. Use fume hood ..gloves...goggles if you do this experiment. The chemicals are all carcinogenic and flammable
This attempt i will use a methanol/toluene azeotrope to distill out the toluene and then purify. All chemicals are flammable and poison. You need so much methanol (around 75%) to form the azeotrope that it almost defeats the attempt
kEEP IN MIND ALL THESE CHEMICALS ARE POISONOUS.AND FLAMMABLE ........MAYBE I HAD AN OLD msds
A computer site where you can input up to 3 chemicals and it will tell you if they form azeotropes and if they do it tells the azeotrope boiling point and composition of the azeotrope (ratio of components). If you like this azeotrope site then watch my video called "HOW TO FIND CHEMICALS FROM PRODUCTS AT THE STORE". Where you punch in a chemical name and it spits out a list of products you can buy at the store that has that chemical in it and the percentage of the chemical in that product and the MSDS of that product
This chemical is the sodium salt of an amino acid. I can not find an MSDS on the product so I am just guessing when I say you can recrystallize it and it will be pure. I am also guessing when I say it is all or mostly the L stereo optical isomer. I only guess this because only the L isomer is bio active. But for all i know it is a racemic mixtrue
HOW TO GET NITROMETHANE...........In case you did not realize. My "HOW TO GET" videos are just me talking about what product to buy that has the most (if not a 100%) of that specific chemical the video is about. Usually you just have to recrystallize the product or distill to get the pure chemical you need. Some that take more effort............like this video on nitromethane.........and those that take more effort i follow up with a video with me actually purifying the product. So i will follow this video up with another video where i actually purify nitromethane but it will probably not be until fall
HOW TO MAKE A TIN CAN STILL.....This experiment should not be imitated or copied in any way. This video is only for educational and entertainment purposes. THIS IS NOT AN INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEO. Tin can stills have a reputation for blowing up so do not imitate the video.............i MADE A SOME WHAT BETTER VERSION OF THIS TIN CAN STILL AND SHOW IT IN MY LAST VIDEO ENTITLED ..........."HOW TO MAKE PHENYLETHENE(styrene)" . ...........In that video i show how this tin can still got a hole in it during use,,,,trying to distill styrene
HOW TO MAKE HYPOBROMOUS ACID and how to make a halohydrin. This is another reason i want the 1,4-dioxacyclohexane (1,4-dioxane) because alkenes are not really that soluble in water so i figure if i throw some dioxane in to the mix it will help the alkene be more soluble in the AQUEOUS bromine and help the reaction go better. Just a thought. Don't really know if it will help or not. Maybe some dioxane and some DCM to help. MAYBE. Next video will be "HOW TO MAKE PHENYLETHENE(styrene) via the depolymerization of polystyrene"
HOW TO MAKE BROMINE.....I am basically doing what i did in the last video where i made chlorine. Only this time I added some aqueous sodium bromide in the pot with the calcium hypochlorite. Then dripped in some hydrochloric acid. This made chlorine but chlorine is more reactive than bromine. So as soon as the chlorine was made in situ it changed places with the bromide. This reduced the chlorine to make sodium chloride and oxidized the bromide to bromine. Which was then distilled out to get bromine with a little bit of water. My hotplate broke during the experiment so i never got ALL the bromine out. But because of that i also did not distill any water over. I did but not enough water distilled over to make 2 layers. If i wanted to get rid of the water i would add salt water to the bromine and use a separation funnel and then SLOWLY add H2SO4 to the bromine and use a separation funnel to get pure bromine. This is VERY EXOTHERMIC and bromine already wants to be a gas. SO CHILL EVERYTHING AND DO IT SLOW. YOU DO NOT WANT IT TO EXPLODE CAUSE YOU DID IT FAST AND IT HEATED UP AND MADE A WHOLE BUNCH OF BROMINE GAS REAL FAST AND THE PRESSURE CRACK YOUR LAB GLASS. But i am making hypobromous acid so i do not care if there is water in there or not. So i did not dry it. The solids in the bromine at the end can be filtered out. Or decanted out. I have no idea what that is. If i had to guess i would say it is a trimer or oligomer of bromine. Or maybe bromine and chlorine form the solid in some way. Like 2 bromines and one chlorine in a polymer type structure. Any one knows........let me know in a post
HOW TO MAKE CHLORINE and hypochlorous acid...........I dripped HCl acid on calcium hypochlorite (calcium bleach) to make the chlorine and bubbled the chlorine in to water to make the hypochlorous acid. In the video i am just using the water to scrub out the chlorine but if i was going to keep the hypochlorous acid i would have used an ice bath to make the chlorine more soluble in the water. Now if i wanted to make the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid i would bubble the chlorine in to NaOH aqueous solution and that would make sodium hypochlorite and that is regular ole bleach..........ALWAYS REMEMBER SCIENCE IS GREAT. Hypochlorous acid can be used to oxidize alcohols
SUBSCRIBE AND LIKE..........WHY AREN'T YOU PEOPLE ANSWERING MY RIDDLES?..........Are you to go for riddles? You think you're better than riddles?.......lol.........this planet was built on riddles. Riddles saved my mother's life and stopped my father from being an alcoholic. lol. With out riddles we would still be living in caves. Is that what you want? To live in caves.
HOW TO MAKE 1,4-DIOXACYCLOHEXANE.........Commonly know as 1,4-dioxane. This is just a cyclic double ether. It is also a crown ether.........-crown-2.........although the hole is so small i do not see what cation you could chealate (key late). It seems to small even for a Lithium cation. The thing i like about 1,4-dioxane is that it can dissolve polar salts like NaOH but it can also dissolve WATER AND NON POLAR LIQUIDS. So i want to try to use it to dissolve ethyl bromide and water and NaOH and do an SN reaction....replacing the bromide with an OH/hydroxy group............Also i want to take isopropyl bromide and do the same thing and change it into isopropanol. Plus there are some other things i need it for but i can not think of it right this second.
HOW TO MAKE ETHENE.......WITH ALUMINIUM OXIDE AND HEAT........i really do not know the mechanism. By mistake i say in the video that the aluminum oxide is a catalyst but it may be turned in to aluminum hydroxide for all i know. Although from the high heat the hydroxide may be calcinated to calcium oxide.........ATTENTION: IF YOU MAKE ETHENE WITH SULFURIC ACID AS THE DEHYDRATOR AND NOT ALUMINIUM OXIDE THEN YOU WILL MAKE BYPRODUCTS LIKE SO2 AND YOU WOULD NEED TO SCRUB THAT OUT WITH LIKE NaOH OR SOME REDUCER LIKE MAYBE IRON 2 SULFATE.....MAYBE ....NOT SURE IF Fe2SO4 will work or not really...just a guess
HOW TO MAKE PROPENE BY SULFURIC ACID CATALYZED DEHYDRATION of isopropanol (rubbing alcohol)................When you do this reaction with MOST alcohols and keep the temp at like 140 to 145 C then you will make a symetrical ether. So if i used ethanol and reflux at 140 to 145 C i would make diethyl ether. If i used 1,2_ethanediol then i would make 1,4_dioxane ether. In the video i use isopropanol so it would make di isopropyl ether. BUT KEEP IN MIND WHEN MAKING DI ISOPROPYL ETHER there are side products you are making as well that are VERY POISONOUS. I do not know why these side products happen when isopropanol is used. ANYWAYS...........we took the tempurature up to 150 to 170 C and made an alkene instead of an ether. The SN reaction needs less energy than the elimination reaction..........there for more heat is needed if you want to make a double bond and not make an ether
PROPENE IS A THREE CARBON HYDROCARON WITH A DOUBLE BOND THAT IS MADE BY THE DEHYDRATION OF ISOPROPANOL............Just a simple video that may cause discussion......As i said i don't know how it works but wish i did. Anyone has any questions or comments then please post it
HOW TO MAKE ANHYDROUS 2-PROPANOL.....commonly called rubbing alcohol or isopropanol. .Step by step instructions how to get it completely anhydrous. I could be wrong but i do not think 2 propanol clings on to it's water content like ethanol does. Ethanol is a LOT HARDER to make anhydrous..............IN MY OPINION
Created 4 months ago.
|Category||Science & Technology|
JUST OF VLOG OF THE EXPERIMENTS I DO OR LEARN ABOUT. I LOVE TALKING ABOUT CHEMISTRY SO IF ANYONE HAS ANY QUESTIONS PLEASE ASK. I WOULD LIKE THIS CHANNEL TO BE ABOUT PEOPLE LEARNING CHEMISTRY AND SHARING WITH EACH OTHER WHAT THEY LEARN OR JUST DEBATE ABOUT DIFFERENT REACTIONS. ALL ARE WELCOME IF THEY LIKE CHEMISTRY. PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE DO NOT LEAVE NEGATIVE COMMENTS OR START FIGHTS.