JBSC

JBSC

JBSC

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Just talking about how to make phenyl-2-propanone (P2P) also known as phenylacetone

Just talking about a precursor to amphetamine. Phenylpropanolamine is an active ingredient in Sudafed. You need to show ID and sign a log to buy any and you are limited to 2 boxes a month. IT IS SUPER EASY TO MAKE

Just talking about some organic synthesis equations using DC electrolysis making alkanes, carboxylic acids, esters, oximes, imines, aldehydes, amines, nitriles and carbon/carbon bonds forming rings

Celite is just diatomaceous earth that is used in chemistry. At most "walk in" stores there is only one mesh size. Very fine flour like particles. All other mesh/particle sizes can be bought on line.

Just talking about amphetamine and it's derivatives. I keep calling methamphetamines ….methylamine. I guess I am not used to saying methamphetamine and I used to saying methylamine

Just showing off my new bridge rectifier/transformer that gives me 30A 30V 900W of UNRIPPLED DC current. My last DC source was only 3A and 30V. I just went from 90W to 900W. Going to make alkenes in to alkanes. Going to make alkanes from carboxylic acids. Going to make cycloalkanes from dicarboxylic acids. Going to make amines from nitro groups. Man there is so much you can do with this it is unreal

Just talking about how to find paraformaldehyde and formalin on line and what "walk in" stores would sell it. Paraformaldehyde is just a polymer of formaldehyde and with slight heating those polymer bonds will break to produce formaldehyde gas that is very pure. Formalin is just formaldehyde dissolved in water. It is usually between 30 to 40% formaldehyde. KEEP IN MIND when buying any chemical never buy the ones that are made for chemist. The paraformaldehyde sold to people with their own dark room is just as pure as the paraformaldehyde for chemist

A hydrogen bomb is just a name given to an apparatus used for hydrogenation or hydrogenolysis where the hydrogen is put under a pressure more than atmospheric pressure.

Finally bought a blue LED 450 to 460 nm floodlight for making chlorine free radicals but the light is not as strong as UV light so it will not break any bonds I make ………. meaning benzyl carbon/chlorine bonds

Just telling how to make light that is all between 450 and 480 nm wavelengths. This is blue light and is good enough to break the Cl/Cl bonds we want to break but not enough energy to break the benzyl C/Cl bonds we are making.

Just telling how to make light that is all between 450 and 480 nm wavelengths. This is blue light and is good enough to break the Cl/Cl bonds we want to break but not enough energy to break the benzyl C/Cl bonds we are making.

PART 7.....This is an "IN DEPTH !!!!!!!!!!" talk about the benzyl chlorination of toluene via free radical halogenation to make benzyl chloride and benzyl dichloride (benzal chloride) and benzyl trichloride (benzotrichloride) and how to hydrolyze them to benzyl alcohol and benzaldehyde and benzoic acid

PART 6.....This is an "IN DEPTH !!!!!!!!!!" talk about the benzyl chlorination of toluene via free radical halogenation to make benzyl chloride and benzyl dichloride (benzal chloride) and benzyl trichloride (benzotrichloride) and how to hydrolyze them to benzyl alcohol and benzaldehyde and benzoic acid

PART 5.....This is an "IN DEPTH !!!!!!!!!!" talk about the benzyl chlorination of toluene via free radical halogenation to make benzyl chloride and benzyl dichloride (benzal chloride) and benzyl trichloride (benzotrichloride) and how to hydrolyze them to benzyl alcohol and benzaldehyde and benzoic acid

PART 4.....This is an "IN DEPTH !!!!!!!!!!" talk about the benzyl chlorination of toluene via free radical halogenation to make benzyl chloride and benzyl dichloride (benzal chloride) and benzyl trichloride (benzotrichloride) and how to hydrolyze them to benzyl alcohol and benzaldehyde and benzoic acid

PART 3.....This is an "IN DEPTH !!!!!!!!!!" talk about the benzyl chlorination of toluene via free radical halogenation to make benzyl chloride and benzyl dichloride (benzal chloride) and benzyl trichloride (benzotrichloride) and how to hydrolyze them to benzyl alcohol and benzaldehyde and benzoic acid...………… This was the ONE OF the sites with typos and false info http://labman.phys.utk.edu/phys222core/modules/m6/The%20EM%20spectrum.html DO NOT TRUST ANY FREQUENCY/WAVELENGTH CHARTS FOR LIGHT SPECTRUM

PART 2.....This is an "IN DEPTH !!!!!!!!!!" talk about the benzyl chlorination of toluene via free radical halogenation to make benzyl chloride and benzyl dichloride (benzal chloride) and benzyl trichloride (benzotrichloride) and how to hydrolyze them to benzyl alcohol and benzaldehyde and benzoic acid...………… This was the ONE OF the sites with typos and false info http://labman.phys.utk.edu/phys222core/modules/m6/The%20EM%20spectrum.html DO NOT TRUST ANY FREQUENCY/WAVELENGTH CHARTS FOR LIGHT SPECTRUM

Hold out till the end of the video where I explain how to use faradays constant to figure out how much you can reduce/oxidize in electrolysis given the amps you are going to use. But first I explain what faraday's constant is and also amps (charge per time) and coulombs. (charge)

This is an "IN DEPTH !!!!!!!!!!" talk about the benzyl chlorination of toluene via free radical halogenation to make benzyl chloride and benzyl dichloride (benzal chloride) and benzyl trichloride (benzotrichloride) and how to hydrolyze them to benzyl alcohol and benzaldehyde and benzoic acid. PART 1 ... I talk about 3 VERY SIMILAR reactions that add functional groups to a benzene ring. The 3rd reaction is adding chlorine to the benzene ring. I discuss why sometimes chlorine adds to the ring and why sometimes the chlorine adds to the benzyl position. I discuss the apparatus needed for free radical chlorination and the mechanism and why the benzyl position is such a good position for free radicals to attack there. I discuss the UV types and which types make it through the ozone. I discuss my GUESSES on what wavelength of UV is needed for the experiment based on what wavelengths make it through the ozone. I talk about light intensity or brightness. PART 2 i do the math and find out a big SURPRISE about what wavelength light should really be used for toluene (BENZYL) chlorination. CAUSE IT IS NOT UV

KEEP IN MIND THAT ANYTIME YOU WORK WITH FORMIC ACID OR IT'S SALTS YOU ALWAYS HAVE A CHANCE OF MAKING CARBON MONOXIDE WHICH KILLS PEOPLE. CAUSE YOU CAN NOT SMELL IT. SO DO NOT DO THIS WITHOUT A FUME HOOD. Just talking about ketonic decarboxylation. One way to synthesize benzaldehyde. It is very low yielding but the precursors are all easy to get chemicals and cheap. So if you just need a half mole or something to do a few experiments with then it might be a viable route. Otherwise it is not because of the low yield. It is the SAME EXACT experiment as when you do a soda lime decarboxylation so that is the main competing reaction. Can you use less or more heat to sway the equilibrium more towards making the benzaldehyde instead of benzene. Maybe I do not know. I have never done the experiment to make a ketone. NIle red makes acetone from calcium acetate using a ketonic decarboxylation. Great video although he should have used a metal pot instead of glass. His yield was about 33 % but he did use impure calcium acetate. And he did not purify the acetone that much so the yield would be even lower. Here is a link to his video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=44cyq4BxCD8

THIS IS A GREAT REDUCER. Just talking about how to make all the 4 stages of sodium silica gel (Na-SG). A better and SAFER way to use sodium metal in experiments. Two experiments I plan to use it on when I open my lab again is the bouveault blanc reduction of esters. Going to make benzyl alcohol from methyl benzoate. Also the wurtz fittig coupling reaction where I take methyl bromide and chlorobenzene and make toluene. ALTHOUGH methyl iodide would work a LOT better BUT I have no access to iodine. Anyways both reactions use sodium metal which is unsafe. But I will use stage 1 Na-SG instead.

Just talking about silica gel and what types are best for making sodium silica gel (Na-SG) . Silica gel is made very easily but I do not know what the pore sizes would be if it was made.. But basically you want silica gel with no indicators added to it that change color when it absorbs water.. You want 30-60 mesh and pore size of 150 angstroms. If you got all that then you got some GREAT silica gel for making Na-SG. A way more safer way to use sodium metal in reactions

Talking about how to make benzyl alcohol from methylbenzoate, sodium metal, and methanol at 0 to 5 C in less than 35 minutes and in good yield. Methyl benzoate is made by the esterification of methyl alcohol and benzoic acid with a little bit of sulfuric acid catalyst and then reflux a couple hours. https://patents.google.com/patent/US7709410B2/en https://patents.google.com/patent/US7709410B2/en
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M-SG_reducing_agent https://www.organic-chemistry.org/namedreactions/bouveault-blanc-reduction.shtm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silica_gel#Preparation https://www.organic-chemistry.org/chemicals/reductions/sodium-na.shtm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouveault–Blanc_reduction

Just talking about how to buy 2 lbs (13 moles) of FOOD GRADE 99% sodium nitrite.....NOT NITRATE but nitrite. Also go in to a few methods for making nitrite salts. It is just a preservative for foods. IT IS or maybe TOXIC unless used in trace amounts. Use gloves to handle it and do not let it touch your skin. I also talk about the victor meyer reaction on how to make nitro alkanes like nitro methane and nitro ethane. And how to make silver nitrite

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Created 1 year, 5 months ago.

214 videos

CategoryScience & Technology

JUST OF VLOG OF THE EXPERIMENTS I DO OR LEARN ABOUT. I LOVE TALKING ABOUT CHEMISTRY SO IF ANYONE HAS ANY QUESTIONS PLEASE ASK. I WOULD LIKE THIS CHANNEL TO BE ABOUT PEOPLE LEARNING CHEMISTRY AND SHARING WITH EACH OTHER WHAT THEY LEARN OR JUST DEBATE ABOUT DIFFERENT REACTIONS. ALL ARE WELCOME IF THEY LIKE CHEMISTRY. PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE DO NOT LEAVE NEGATIVE COMMENTS OR START FIGHTS.